Advertisement

Translation of Traditional Knowledge from Lab to Layman from Herbal Sources

  • M. KannanEmail author
  • P. Sathiyarajeswaran
  • M. S. Shree Devi
Chapter

Abstract

People are using medicinal plants for many decades for wellbeing, effectiveness, nativity, and reduced side effects. Herbs and herbal products partake been applied with evidence base to treat and avoid ailments all over times past. Written palm leaf manuscripts and literature about medicinal plants available in Sangam period age about 5000 years compare to the Sumerians and earliest records are recommended prior use of therapeutic plants in Siddha medicine. Due to adverse effects of synthetic products, in attendance is a shift towards AYUSH therapies and medicinal plants. However, share of global market by Indians in medicinal plants related to economy has not reached its mark due to lack of translation as products existing in another arena. This chapter deals about positioning India in world market and attempts to deal about areas where the strength of Siddha prevails to translate knowledge from the lab to layman as products.

Keywords

AYUSH Siddha Layman Translational medicine Global market WHO Over-the-counter (OTC) Standardization Metallic drugs 

References

  1. Anonyms. Good Clinical Practice Guidelines for Clinical Trials in Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani Medicine (GCP – ASU). New Delhi: Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India; 2013.Google Scholar
  2. Auerbach. Bioaccumulation of polyacrylamide aromatic compounds: 2. Modelling bioaccumulation in marine organisms chronically exposed to dispersed oil. Environ Toxicol Chem. 1947;20:1185–95.Google Scholar
  3. Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-I, V-II, V-I. Ministry of AYUSH, Govt of India. 1st ed. 1999.Google Scholar
  4. Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia of India Part-I, Ministry of AYUSH, Govt of India. 2001a.Google Scholar
  5. Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-II, V-III. Ministry of AYUSH, Govt of India. 1st ed. 2001b.Google Scholar
  6. Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-I, V-IV. Ministry of AYUSH, Govt of India. 1st ed. 2004.Google Scholar
  7. Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-I, V-V. Ministry of AYUSH, Govt of India. 1st ed. 2006.Google Scholar
  8. Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-II, V-III. (Form.), Ministry of AYUSH, Govt of India. 1st ed. 2008.Google Scholar
  9. Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-I, V-VI. Ministry of AYUSH, Govt of India. 1st ed. 2009.Google Scholar
  10. Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-II, V-I. Ministry of AYUSH, Govt of India. 1st ed. 2016.Google Scholar
  11. Biodiversity Act. 2011. http://www.moef.nic.in/modules/rules-and-regulation/bio-diversity/. Accessed 03 Oct 2011.
  12. Dept. of AYUSH. Macroscopic and microscopic atlas of Pharmacopoeial drugs part- I, V-V. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt of India. 2016.Google Scholar
  13. Fitzgerald GA. Opinion, anticipating change in drug development, the emerging era of translational medicine and therapeutics. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2005;4(10):815–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Folashade KO, Omoregie HE, Ochogu AP. Standardization of herbal medicines – a review. Int J Biodivers Conserv. 2012;4:101–12.Google Scholar
  15. Joshi K, Chavan P, Warde D, Patwardhan B. Molecular markers in herbal drug technology. Curr Sci. 2004;87:159.Google Scholar
  16. Kataria S, Bhardwaj S, Middha A. Standardization of medicinal plant material. Int J Res Ayurveda Pharm. 2011;2(4):1100–9.Google Scholar
  17. Kochhar SL. Tropical crops: a textbook of economy botany. London: Macmillan Pub Ltd; 1981.Google Scholar
  18. Lauer MS, Skarlatos S. Translational research for cardiovascular diseases at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, moving from bench to bedside and from bedside to community. Circulation. 2010;121(7):929–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mittal BM. A textbook of forensic pharmacy. Delhi: Vallabh Prakashan; 2007. p. 73–143.Google Scholar
  20. Paterson NE. Translational research in addiction, toward a framework for the development of novel therapeutics. Biochem Pharmacol. 2011;81:1388–407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pharmacopoeia Commission for Indian Medicine & Homoeopathy. TLC Atlas Part-I, V-I, Ministry of AYUSH, Govt of India. 2016.Google Scholar
  22. Prestone RJ, Hoffmann GR. Genetic toxicology. In: Klaassen CD, editor. Casarette and Doull’s toxicology, the basic science of poison. 6th ed. New York: McGraw- Hill Medical Publishing Division; 2001.. https://accesspharmacy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?sectionid=53483730&bookid=958.Google Scholar
  23. Sharma SK. Infrastructure status, regulation & quality control of Indian medicine. Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Homoeopath (AYUSH). New Delhi: Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India; 2006.Google Scholar
  24. Simon R. Translational research in oncology, key bottlenecks and new paradigms. Expert Rev Mol Med. 2010;12:e32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Singh H. Prospects and challenges for harnessing opportunities in medicinal plants sector in India. LEAD J. 2006;2:198–211.Google Scholar
  26. The Biological Diversity Act. 2002. http://www.genecampaign.org/home/Biological%20Diversity%20Act%202002.pdf. Accessed 01 Oct 2011.
  27. The Drugs and Cosmetics Act and Rules, Government of India Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2011. http://www.cdsco.nic.in/html/copy%20of%201.%20dandcact121.pdf. Accessed 01 Oct 2011.
  28. The Siddha Pharmacopoeia of India Part-1, V-I. Ministry of AYUSH, Govt of India. 1st ed. 2008.Google Scholar
  29. The Wildlife (Protection) Act, Part- I 1972 with the Wildlife (protection) Amendment Act. 1972. http://www.westbengalforest.gov.in/pdf/the_wildlife_p_act_1972.pdf. Accessed 05 Jan 2012.
  30. Unani Pharmacopoeia of India Part-II, V-I. Ministry of AYUSH, Govt of India. 2016.Google Scholar
  31. Vaidya ADB, Devasagayam TPA. Current status of herbal drugs in India: an overview. J Clin Biochem Nutr. 2007;4:1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Verma R. Drug regulations and plant-based pharmaceuticals in post. Izatnagar: Indian Veterinary Research Institute; 2006.Google Scholar
  33. Von Herrath M, Chan A. How can we improve the translational landscape for a faster cure of type 1 diabetes? J Clin Invest. 2009;119(5):1061–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wakdikar S. Global health care challenge: Indian experiences and new prescriptions. Electron J Biotechnol. 2004;7:214–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wang PS, Heinssen R, Oliveri M, Wagner A, Goodman W. Bridging bench and practice, translational research for schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2009;34(1):204–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. WHO. Quality assurance of pharmaceuticals: a compendium of guidelines and related materials, good manufacturing practices and inspection. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1996a.Google Scholar
  37. WHO. Guidelines for the Assessment of Herbal Medicines. In: WHO Technical Report Series. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1996b.Google Scholar
  38. WHO. WHO Guidelines for the Regulation of Herbal Medicines in the South East Asia Region. 2003. http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/en/m/abstract/Js22299en/.
  39. Wildlife (Protection) Act. 2011. http://www.legalserviceindia.com/articles/wild.htm. Accessed 11 Oct 2011.
  40. Working Group on “Access to Health Systems including AYUSH,” Government of India Planning Commission. Eleventh Five-year Plan (2007–2012) [homepage on the Internet]. 2012. http://planningcommission.nic.in/plans/planrel/11thf.htm. Accessed 20 Mar 2012.
  41. World Health Organization. Traditional medicine, fact sheet no. 134 [homepage on the Internet]. 2012. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs134/en/. Accessed 20 Mar 2012.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Kannan
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. Sathiyarajeswaran
    • 2
  • M. S. Shree Devi
    • 3
  1. 1.LR&DD and Department of Clinical ResearchSiddha Central Research Institute (Central Council for Research in Siddha, Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India)ChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Siddha Central Research Institute (Central Council for Research in Siddha, Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India)ChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of PharmacySiddha Central Research Institute (Central Council for Research in Siddha, Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India)ChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations