Drugs from Our Ancestors: Tradition to Innovation

  • Pulok K. MukherjeeEmail author
  • Subhadip Banerjee
  • Amit Kar
  • Joydeb Chanda


The history of medicine is ancient, the sum total of the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures, used in the maintenance of health, as well as in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement, or treatment of physical and mental illnesses. The terms complementary/alternative/nonconventional drugs are used interchangeably with traditional medicine in some countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) acknowledges that ancient and practice of medicine are important parts of the healthcare system. The practices and public interest in natural therapies based on traditional practices have increased dramatically. This has raised the international trade of herbal medicine and attracted several pharmaceutical companies in commercializing herbal drugs (Heyman and Meyer 2012).



The authors are thankful to the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, New Delhi, for financial support through Tata Innovation fellowship to PKM.

Conflict of Interest: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pulok K. Mukherjee
    • 1
    Email author
  • Subhadip Banerjee
    • 1
  • Amit Kar
    • 1
  • Joydeb Chanda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, School of Natural Product StudiesJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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