Drugs from Our Ancestors: Tradition to Innovation
The history of medicine is ancient, the sum total of the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures, used in the maintenance of health, as well as in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement, or treatment of physical and mental illnesses. The terms complementary/alternative/nonconventional drugs are used interchangeably with traditional medicine in some countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) acknowledges that ancient and practice of medicine are important parts of the healthcare system. The practices and public interest in natural therapies based on traditional practices have increased dramatically. This has raised the international trade of herbal medicine and attracted several pharmaceutical companies in commercializing herbal drugs (Heyman and Meyer 2012).
The authors are thankful to the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, New Delhi, for financial support through Tata Innovation fellowship to PKM.
Conflict of Interest: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A. Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Drug Discov Today. 2006;5:821–34.Google Scholar
- Mukherjee PK, Houghton PJ. The worldwide phenomenon of increased use of herbal products: opportunity and threats. In: Evaluation of herbal medicinal products – perspectives on quality, safety and efficacy. 1st ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press; 2009. p. 3–12.Google Scholar
- Mukherjee PK, Ponnusankar S, Venkatesh P. Synergy in herbal medicinal products: concept to realization. Indian J Pharma Res Edu. 2011;45(3):210–7.Google Scholar
- Mukherjee PK, Bahadur S, Harwansh RK, Nema NK, Bhadra S. Development of traditional medicines: globalizing local knowledge or localizing global technologies. Pharma Times. 2013;45:39–42.Google Scholar
- Mukherjee PK, Bahadur S, Harwansh RK, Chaudhary SK. Shifting paradigm for validation of medicinal plants in Indian traditional medicine. Indian Drugs. 2014;51:5–14.Google Scholar
- Nirali JB, Shankar MB. Global market analysis of herbal drug formulations. Int J Ayur Pharm Chem. 2015;4:59–65.Google Scholar
- Reddy AS, Zhang S. Polypharmacology: drug discovery for the future. Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol. 2013;6 https://doi.org/10.1586/ecp.12.74.