Advertisement

Role of Self-Control in Digital Piracy

  • Sanjeev P. Sahni
  • Indranath Gupta
Chapter

Abstract

Self-control is generally considered to regulate undesirable behavior and is a conscious effort to regulate actual behavior. Individuals with low self-control are more likely to project instant gratification. As a result, they are less likely to wait for the original version of digital media. They will be more attracted towards thrill, ease, and immediate acquisition and will be less sensitive towards copyright associated with a particular digital media. The chapter demonstrates the relationship between self-control and digital piracy. In the context of the research findings, this chapter analyses multiple self-control theories and the existing research literature.

Keywords

Self-control Digital piracy Strength model of self-control Locus of control 

References

  1. Ainslie, G. (1975). Specious reward: A behavioral theory of impulsiveness and impulse control. Psychological Bulletin, 82(4), 463–496.Google Scholar
  2. Baumeister, R. F., Heatherton, T. F., & Tice, D. M. (1994). Losing control: How and why people fail at self-regulation. San Diego: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  3. Baumeister, R. F., Gailliot, M., DeWall, C. N., & Oaten, M. (2006). Self-regulation and personality: How interventions increase regulatory success, and how depletion moderates the effects of traits on behavior. Journal of Personality, 74, 1773–1801.Google Scholar
  4. Baumeister, R. F., & Alquist, J. L. (2009). Self-regulation as a limited resource: Strength model of control and depletion. In J. P. Forgas, R. F. Baumeister, & D. M. Tice (Eds.), Psychology of self-regulation: Cognitive, affective, and motivational processes (pp. 21–34). New York: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  5. Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., & Tice, D. M. (2007). The strength model of self-control. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16(6), 351–355.Google Scholar
  6. Bornhorst, T., Ritchie, J. R. B., & Sheehan, L. (2010). Determinants of tourism success for DMOs & Destinations: An empirical examination of stakeholders’ perspectives. Tourism Management, 31, 572–589.Google Scholar
  7. Cheung, C. K. (2013). Understanding factors associated with online piracy behaviour of adolescents. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 18(2), 122–132.Google Scholar
  8. Countries Compared by Crime > Software piracy rate. International Statistics at NationMaster.com. (n.d.). Fifth Annual BSA and IDC Global Software Piracy Study. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Crime/Software-piracy-rate.
  9. DeCamp, W., Higgins, G. E., & Gealt, R. E. (2010). Pirating youth: Examining the correlates of digital music piracy among adolescents. International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 4(1), 657–671.Google Scholar
  10. De Ridder, D. T., Lensvelt-Mulders, G., Finkenauer, C., Stok, F. M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2012). Taking stock of self-control: A meta-analysis of how trait self-control relates to a wide range of behaviors. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 16(1), 76–99.Google Scholar
  11. Donner, C., Marcum, C., Jennings, W., & Banfield, J. (2014). Low self-control and cybercrime: Exploring the utility of the general theory of crime beyond digital piracy. Computers in Human Behavior, 34, 165–172.Google Scholar
  12. Fifth Annual BSA and IDC Global Software. (2007). Piracy study, business software Alliance (pp. 1–15).Google Scholar
  13. Gopal, R., Sanders, G. L., Bhattacharjee, S., Agrawal, M., & Wagner, S. (2004). A behavioral model of digital music piracy. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 14, 89–105.Google Scholar
  14. Gottfredson, M. R., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Higgins, G. E. (2004). Can low self-control help with the understanding of the software piracy problem? Deviant Behavior, 26(1), 1–24.Google Scholar
  16. Higgins, G. E., & Makin, D. A. (2004). Does social learning theory condition the effects of low self-control on college students’ software piracy. Journal of Economic Crime Management, 2(2), 1–22.Google Scholar
  17. Higgins, G., Fell, B., & Wilson, A. L. (2007). Low self-control and social learning in understanding students’ intentions to pirate movies in the United States. Social Science Computer Review, 25(3), 339–357.Google Scholar
  18. Higgins, G. E., Marcum, C. D., Freiburger, T. L., & Ricketts, M. L. (2012). Examining the role of peer influence and self-control on downloading behavior. Deviant Behavior, 33(5), 412–423.Google Scholar
  19. Hinduja, S. (2001). Correlates of internet software piracy. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 17, 369–382.Google Scholar
  20. Hinduja, S. (2003). Trends and patterns among online software pirates. Ethics and Information Technology, 5, 49–61.Google Scholar
  21. Hinduja, S. (2012). General strain, self-control, and music piracy. International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 6(1), 951–967.Google Scholar
  22. Hinduja, S., & Higgins, G. E. (2008). Neutralizing music piracy: An empirical examination. Deviant Behavior, 29(4), 334–366.Google Scholar
  23. Hinduja, S., & Ingram, J. R. (2008). Self-control and ethical beliefs on the social learning of intellectual property theft. Western Criminology Review, 9(2), 52–72.Google Scholar
  24. Hirschi, T. (2004). Self-control and crime. In R. F. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications (pp. 537–552). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  25. Hohn, D. A., Muftic, L. R., & Wolf, K. (2006). Swashbuckling students: An exploratory study of internet piracy. Security Journal, 19, 110–127.Google Scholar
  26. Hollinger, R. C. (1988). Computer hackers follow a Guttman-like progression. Sociology and Social Research, 72, 199–200.Google Scholar
  27. Hollinger, R. C. (1993). Crime by computer: Correlates of software piracy and unauthorized account access. Security Journal, 4, 2–12.Google Scholar
  28. Holt, T. J., & Morris, R. G. (2009). An exploration of the relationship between MP3 player ownership and digital piracy. Criminal Justice Studies, 22(4), 381–392.Google Scholar
  29. Ingram, J. R., & Hinduja, S. (2007). Neutralizing music piracy: An empirical examination. Journal Deviant Behavior, 2(4), 334–366.Google Scholar
  30. Inzlicht, M., Schmeichel, B. J., & Macrae, C. N. (2014). Why self-control seems (but may not be) limited. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 18, 127–133.Google Scholar
  31. Marron, D. B., & Steel, D. G. (2000). Which countries protect intellectual property? The case of software piracy. Economic Inquiry, 38(2), 159–174.Google Scholar
  32. Piquero, A., & Bouffard, J. (2007). Something old, something new: A preliminary investigation of Hirschi’s redefined self-control. Justice Quarterly, 24(1), 1–27.Google Scholar
  33. Popham, J. (2011). Factors influencing music piracy, criminal justice studies: A critical journal crime. Law and Society, 24(2), 199–209.  https://doi.org/10.1080/1478601X.2011.561648.Google Scholar
  34. Pratt, T., & Cullen, F. (2000). The empirical status of Gottfredson and Hirschi’s general theory of crime: A meta-analysis. Criminology, 38(3), 931–964.Google Scholar
  35. Reynolds, E. K., & Mayes, L. C. (2011). Impulsivity in adolescents. In J. E. Grant & M. N. Potenza (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of impulse control disorders (pp. 463–475). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Rumbough, T. (2001). The development and maintenance of interpersonal relationships through computer-mediated communication. Communication Research Reports, 18(3), 223–229.Google Scholar
  37. Scaria, A. G. (2013). Online piracy of Indian movies: Is the film industry firing at the wrong target. Michigan State University College of Law International Law Review, 21, 647.Google Scholar
  38. Selwyn, N. (2008). An investigation of differences in undergraduates’ academic use of the internet. Active Learning in Higher Education, 9, 11–22.Google Scholar
  39. Shin, S. K., Gopal, R. D., Sanders, G. L., & Whinston, A. B. (2004). Global software piracy revisited. Communications of the ACM, 47(1), 103–107.Google Scholar
  40. Skinner, W. F., & Fream, A. M. (1997). A social learning theory analysis of computer crime among college students. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 34, 495–518.Google Scholar
  41. Tibbetts, S. (1997). Shame and rational choice in offending decisions. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 24(2), 234–255. Sage Periodicals Press.Google Scholar
  42. Tibbetts, S., & Myers, D. (1999). Low self-control, rational choice, and student test cheating. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 23(2), 179–200.Google Scholar
  43. Tibbetts, S. G., & Whittimore, J. N. (2002). The interactive effects of low self-control and commitment to school on substance abuse among college students. Psychological Reports, 90(1), 327–337.Google Scholar
  44. Vazsonyi, A. T., Mikuška, J., & Kelley, E. L. (2017). It’s time: A meta-analysis on the self-control-deviance link. Journal of Criminal Justice, 48, 48–63.Google Scholar
  45. Ward, T., & Gannon, T. A. (2006). Rehabilitation, etiology, and self-regulation: The comprehensive good lives model of treatment for sexual offenders. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 11(1), 77–94.Google Scholar
  46. Wolfe, S. E., & Higgins, G. E. (2009). Explaining deviant peer associations: An examination of low self-control, ethical predispositions, definitions, and digital piracy. Western Criminology Review, 10(1), 43–55.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjeev P. Sahni
    • 1
  • Indranath Gupta
    • 2
  1. 1.Jindal Institute of Behavioural SciencesOP Jindal Global UniversitySonipatIndia
  2. 2.Jindal Global Law SchoolOP Jindal Global UniversitySonipatIndia

Personalised recommendations