Germplasm Conservation

  • P. M. Priyadarshan


Germplasm is a collection of various strains and species that accommodates total of all the genes present in a crop and its related species. Germplasm is the basic indispensable ingredient of all breeding programmes, and hence, collection, evaluation and conservation of germplasm types become an integral part of any breeding programme. Usually, the germplasm accessions are conserved in the form of seeds stored at ambient temperature, low temperature or ultralow temperature.


Significance of germplasm conservation In situ conservation Ex situ conservation In vitro germplasm preservation Germplasm regeneration Characterization Evaluation Documentation and distribution Characterization Molecular descriptors Evaluation Passport data Characterization Preliminary evaluation Documentation Standards for data preparation Quarantine information Passport information Herbarium information Field evaluation Gene bank information Germplasm collecting missions database Distribution of germplasm FAO and plant genetic resources FAO commission on plant genetic resources Germplasm – international vs. Indian scenario Plant introduction Historical perspective Plant introduction – the international scenario Import regulations Plant germplasm import and export Plant introduction in India Conservation of endangered species/crop varieties 

Further Reading

  1. Reed BM et al (2004) Technical guidelines for the management of field and in vitro germplasm collections. IPGRI handbooks for gene banks no:7Google Scholar
  2. Olson AE, Stepp JR (2016) New perspectives on the health-environment-plant nexus. Springer, ChamGoogle Scholar
  3. Niklas K (2016) Plant evolution: an introduction to the history of life. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. 560 ppCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Murat F et al (2017) Reconstructing the genome of the most recent common ancestor of flowering plants. Nature Genet 49:490–496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen C et al (2017) Historical introduction, geographical distribution, and biological characteristics of alien plants in China. Biodivers Conserv 26:353–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Henry RJ (2007) Genomics strategies for germplasm characterization and the development of climate resilient crops. Front Plant Sci 5:68. Scholar
  7. Bioversity International (2007) Guidelines for the development of crop descriptor lists, Biodiversity technical bulletin series. Biodiversity International, RomeGoogle Scholar
  8. Domaingue et al (2017) Evolution and challenges of varietal improvement strategies. In: Sustainable development and tropical Agri-chains. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 141–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Flachowsky G, Reuter T (2017) Future challenges feeding transgenic plants. Anim Front 7:15–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Zargar M, Rai V (2017) Plant omics and crops breeding. In: CRC PressGoogle Scholar
  11. Thomas JE (2015) MusaNet technical guidelines for the safe movement of musa germplasm, 3rd edn. Bioversity International, RomeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. M. Priyadarshan
    • 1
  1. 1.Erstwhile Deputy DirectorRubber Research Institute of IndiaKottayamIndia

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