Recombinant Inbred Lines

  • P. M. Priyadarshan


Breeding cross-pollinated species is a challenge to the plant breeder. In plant breeding, inbred lines are used as stocks for the creation of hybrid lines to exploit heterosis. Inbred lines can be developed from a heterozygous natural population or from F2 progeny. Inbreds are derived through repeated self-pollination. Usually, repeated self-pollinations up to 6–10 generations (i.e. 3–5 years when two seasons per year can be accomplished) are necessary to achieve homozygous inbred lines. Development of inbred parents can follow different breeding methods such as pedigree breeding, backcrossing, bulking, single-seed descent, doubled haploids.


Inbred line development in cross-pollinated crops Methods adopted for RILs Doubled haploid breeding Reverse breeding 

Further Reading

  1. Dirks R et al (2009) Reverse breeding: a novel breeding approach based on engineered meiosis. Plant Biotechnol J 7:837–845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Shuro AR et al (2017) Review paper on approaches in developing inbred lines in cross-pollinated crops. Biochem Mol Biol 2:40–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. M. Priyadarshan
    • 1
  1. 1.Erstwhile Deputy DirectorRubber Research Institute of IndiaKottayamIndia

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