Breeding Self-Pollinated Crops

  • P. M. Priyadarshan


As a matter of fact, breeding procedures and schemes differ with the breeding behaviour of a particular species. At the beginning of each breeding programme, the breeder should decide on the type of cultivar to breed for release to farmers. The breeding method used depends on the type of cultivar to be produced. There are basic types of cultivars, viz., inbred pure lines, open-pollinated populations, hybrids and clones.


Pure-lines  Open-pollinated cultivars Homozygous and homogeneous  Heterozygous and homogeneous  Homozygous and heterogeneous  Heterozygous and heterogeneous  Mass selection Pure-line selection Hybridization and pedigree selection Special backcross procedures Multiline breeding and cultivar blends Breeding composites and recurrent selection Hybrid varieties 

Further Reading

  1. Araus JL, Cairns JE (2014) Field high-throughput phenotyping: the new crop breeding frontier. Trends Plant Sci 19(1):52–61. Scholar
  2. Kempe K, Gils M (2011) Pollination control technologies for hybrid breeding. Mol Breed 27:417–437CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kim Y, Zhang D (2018) Molecular Control of Male Fertility for Crop Hybrid Breeding. Trends Plant Sci 23:53–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ramalho MAP, de Araújo LCA (2011) Breeding self-pollinated plants. Crop Breed Appl Biotechnol S1:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Stamp P, Visser R (2011) The twenty-first century, the century of plant breeding. Euphytica 186:585–591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Wright SI, Kalisz S, Slotte T (2013) Evolutionary consequences of self-fertilization in plants. Proc R Soc B 280:20130133. Scholar
  7. Zhao et al (2014) Genomic selection in hybrid breeding. Plant Breed. Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. M. Priyadarshan
    • 1
  1. 1.Erstwhile Deputy DirectorRubber Research Institute of IndiaKottayamIndia

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