CO\(_{2}\) Emissions, Energy Consumption, GDP, and Foreign Direct Investment in ANICs Countries

  • Suyi KimEmail author


Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan are called the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries (ANICs), which were famous for maintaining exceptionally high growth rates (in excess of 7% per a year) and attaining rapid industrialization between the early 1960s (mid-1950s for Hong Kong) and the 1990s. These countries have a comparative advantage in producing different types of products at different stages in their economic development. As such, their economic success stories have served as role models for numerous developing countries.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hongik UniversitySejongSouth Korea

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