Advertisement

Effects of Multidimensional Poverty on Health Indicators in Japan: Income, Time, and Social Relations

  • Wei Wang
  • Kunio UrakawaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

In recent years, many studies have been tackling the measurement of multidimensional poverty, reflecting the diversification and complexity of poverty even in developed countries as well as developing countries. These studies treat on several dimensions of poverty such as education and living environment as well as income, but few of them consider the time dimension. This study attempts to investigate the impact of multidimensional poverty including time poverty on key health indicators (self-rated health (SRH), psychological distress (K6)) in Japan. By using individual data from Japanese Study on Stratification, Health, Income, and Neighborhood (J-SHINE) [2010, 2012], we measured multidimensional poverty index, based on the method of Alkire and Foster (Journal of Public Economics 95:476–487, 2011). We mainly set three dimensions of poverty (income, time, and social relations) and investigated the impact on health statuses, controlling other important variables. Results obtained from the analysis confirmed the practical relevance of multidimensional poverty for predicting health indicators.

References

  1. Abe, A. 2012. Poverty and social exclusion of women in Japan. Japanese Journal of Social Security Policy 9 (1): 61–82.Google Scholar
  2. Alkire, S. 2002. Dimensions of human development. World Development 30: 181–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alkire, S., and J.E. Foster. 2011. Counting and multidimensional poverty measurement. Journal of Public Economics 95: 476–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alkire, S., and M.M. Santos. 2013. A multidimensional approach: Poverty measurement & beyond. Social Indicators Research 112: 239–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Atkinson, A.B. 2003. Multidimensional deprivation: Contrasting social welfare and counting approaches. Journal of Economic Inequality 1: 51–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Atkinson, A.B., and E. Marlier. 2010. Analyzing and measuring social inclusion in a global context, 010. United Nations (UNDESA), New York: Department of Economic and Social Affairs.Google Scholar
  7. Batana, Y. 2013. Multidimensional measurement of poverty in Sub-Sahara Africa. Social Indicators Research 112: 337–362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Battiston, D., G. Cruces, L.F. Lopez-Calva, M.A. Lugo, and M.E. Santos. 2013. Income and beyond: Multidimensional poverty in Six Latin American Countries. Social Indicators Research 112: 291–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bittman,. 2002. Social participation and family welfare: The money and time costs of leisure in Australia. Social Policy and Administration 36 (4): 408–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Harvey, A., and A.K. Mukhopadhyay. 2007. When twenty-four hours is insufficient: Time poverty of working parents. Social Indicators Research 82: 57–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Iwasaki, K., M. Takahashi, and A. Nakata. 2006. Health problems due to long working hours in Japan: Working hours, worker’s compensation (Karoshi) and preventive measures. Industrial Health 44: 537–540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ikeda, A., I. Kawachi, H. Iso, M. Iwasaki, M. Inoue, and S. Tsugane. 2013. Social support and cancer incidence and mortality: The JPHC study cohort II. Cancer Causes and Control 24 (5): 847–860.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ishii, K., and K. Urakawa. 2014. Time-adjusted poverty among working households in Japan: Two-dimensional poverty line approach. MITA Business Review 57 (4): 97–121. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  14. Kalenkoski, C.M., K.S. Hamrick, and M. Andrews. 2011. Time poverty thresholds and rates for the US population. Social Indicators Research 104: 129–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Nolan, B., and I. Marx. 2009. Economic inequality, poverty and social exclusion. In Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality, ed. W. Salverda, B. Nolan, and T.M. Smeeding. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. OECD (2016) OECD Factbook 2015–2016. OECD Publishing.Google Scholar
  17. Ohtsu, T., et al. 2013. A cross-sectional study of the association between working hours and sleep duration among the Japanese working population. Journal of Occupational Health 55: 307–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Oshio, T., and M. Kan. 2014. Multidimensional poverty and health: Evidence from a nationwide survey in Japan. International Journal for Equity in Health 13 (1): 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sakurai, K., A. Nishi, K. Kondo, K. Yanagida, and N. Kawakami. 2011. Screening performance of K6/K10 and other screening instruments for mood and anxiety disorders in Japan. Psychiatry Clinic Neuroscience 65: 434–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Santos, M.E. 2013. Tracking poverty reduction in Bhutan: Income deprivation alongside deprivation in other sources of happiness. Social Indicators Research 112: 259–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sen, A.K. 1992. Inequality Re-Examined. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  22. Tachibanaki, T. 2010. The new paradox for Japanese women: Greater choice, greater inequality. Japan: International House of Japan Inc.Google Scholar
  23. Takada, M., N. Kondo, and H. Hashimoto. 2014. Japanese study on stratification, health income, and neighborhood: Study protocol and profiles of participants. Journal of Epidemiology 24 (4): 334–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Takekawa. S., et al. 2014. Infrastructure development of social inclusive society. Science Council of Japan. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  25. Vickery, C. 1977. The time-poor: A new look at poverty. Journal of Human Resources 12 (1): 27–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Yu, J. 2013. Multidimensional poverty in China: Findings based on CHNS. Social Indicators Research 112: 315–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shanghai University of Engineering ScienceShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Kyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

Personalised recommendations