Advertisement

Groundwater Contamination by Organic Compounds: A Case Study of Łubna Landfill Site in Warsaw, Poland

  • Eugeniusz Koda
  • Anna Sieczka
  • Anna Miszkowska
  • Piotr OsińskiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 31)

Abstract

Municipal landfills contain a high content of organic wastes, with great impact on the biogeochemical processes in the landfill body and leachate generation. Because of its high environmental significance, in recent decades, the influence of landfills on groundwater and surface water quality has attracted a lot of attention. The paper is focused on determining the influence of an old municipal landfill on groundwater pollution by organic compounds. The changes of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total organic carbon (TOC) were taken into consideration. Based on the groundwater monitoring results, the authors provided several maps presenting the spatial distribution of BOD, COD and TOC in groundwater. Additionally, the statistical summary of monitoring data was presented. On the basis of the results obtained, we also assessed the efficiency of the vertical barrier, which was applied during the reclamation works, on groundwater quality. Systematically collected monitoring data show that construction of the vertical barrier significantly improved groundwater quality, what is reflected in slow, but  progressive process of reduction of the pollution indicators levels, such as BOD, COD and TOC.

Keywords

Groundwater contamination Organic compounds Lubna landfill BOD COD 

References

  1. Abdalla KZ, Hammam G (2014) Correlation between biochemical oxygen demand and chemical oxygen demand for various wastewater treatment plants in Egypt to obtain the biodegradability indices. Int J Sci Basic Appl Res 13(1):42–48Google Scholar
  2. Anilkumar A, Sukumaran D, Vincent SGT (2015) Effect of municipal solid waste leachate on ground water quality of Thiruvananthapuram district, Kerala, India. App Eco Environ Sci 3:151–157Google Scholar
  3. Bialowiec A (2015) Transpiration as landfill leachate phytotoxicity indicator. Waste Manag 39:189–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bulmer MG (1979) Principles of statistics. Dover Publications Inc., New YorkzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  5. Christensen TH, Cossu R, Stegmann R (1992) Landfilling of waste: leachate. Taylor & Francis, Abingdon, UKGoogle Scholar
  6. Gworek B, Hajduk A, Koda E, Grochowalski A, Jeske A (2013) Influence of a municipal waste landfill on the spatial distribution of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDDs/Fs) in the natural environment. Chem 92:753–759Google Scholar
  7. Gworek B, Dmuchowski W, Gozdowski D, Koda E, Osiecka R, Borzyszkowski J (2015) Influence of a municipal waste landfill on the spatial distribution of mercury in the environment. PLoS ONE.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133130
  8. Gworek B, Dmuchowski W, Koda E, Marecka M, Baczewska AH, Brągoszewska P, Sieczka A, Osiński P (2016) Impact of the municipal solid waste Lubna landfill on environmental pollution by heavy metals. Water 8:470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kalenik M (2014) Sewage treatment efficacy of sandy soil bed with natural clinoptilolite assist layer. Ochr Srod 36:43–48Google Scholar
  10. Koda E, Osiński P, Sieczka A, Wychowaniak D (2015) Areal distribution of ammonium contamination of soil-water environment in the vicinity of old municipal landfill site with vertical barrier. Water 7:2656–2672CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Koda E, Miszkowska A, Sieczka A (2017) Levels of organic pollution iIndicators in groundwater at the old landfill and waste management site. Appl Sci 7(6):638CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Koda E, Pachuta K, Osiński P (2013) Potential of plants application in the initial stage of landfill reclamation process. Pol J Environ Stud 22(6):1731–1739Google Scholar
  13. Koś K, Zawisza E (2016) Landfill liners from dam reservoir sediments. Ann War Univ Life Sci—SGGW Land Reclam 48:41–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lee AH, Hamid N (2014) BOD/COD ratio as an indicator for pollutants leaching from landfill. J Clean Energy Tech 2:263–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) (1999) Guidelines for registration and production of packaged water in Nigeria. NAFDAC: Abuja, NigeriaGoogle Scholar
  16. Ngang BU, Agbazue VE (2016) Aseasonal assessment of groundwater pollution due to biochemical oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand and elevated temperatures in Enugu Northern Senatorial District, South East Nigeria. IOSR J Appl Chem 9:66–73Google Scholar
  17. Radziemska M, Vaverková MD, Mazur Z (2017) Pilot scale use of compost combined with sorbents to Phytostabilize Ni-Contaminated soil using Lolium perenne L. Waste Bio Val 1–11Google Scholar
  18. Regulation of the Minister of Environment dated 21 December 2015 on the criteria and method of evaluating the underground water condition (Journal of Laws 2016, Item 85)Google Scholar
  19. Sarsby RW (2013) Environmental geotechnics. Thomas Telford, London, UKCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sieczka A, Koda E (2016) Kinetic and equilibrium studies of sorption of ammonium in the soil water environment in agricultural areas of central Poland. Appl Sci 6(10):269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sugirtharan M, Rajendran M (2015) Ground water quality near municipal solid waste dumping site at Thirupperumthurai, Batticaloa. J Agric Sci 10:21–28Google Scholar
  22. Tiwari A, Dwivedi AC, Mayank P (2015) Time scale changes in the water quality of the ganga river, India and estimation of suitability for exotic and hardy fishes. Hydrol Curr Res 7(3):1–8Google Scholar
  23. Uz G, Turak F, Afsar H (2004) Research of BOD and COD values of wastewaters that contain organic materials. In: Proceedings of 4th Aegean analytical chemistry days, Kusadasi, TurkeyGoogle Scholar
  24. Water Quality (2012) Sampling. Part 3: preservation and handling of water samples, EN ISO 5667-3, International Organization for Standardization Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  25. Water Quality (2009) Sampling. Part 11: guidance on sampling of ground waters, ISO 5667-11, International Organization for Standardization Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  26. Water Quality (2002) Determination of the chemical oxygen demand index (ST-COD)–small-scale sealed-tube method, PN-ISO 15705:2005P, International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  27. Water Quality (2002) Determination of biochemical oxygen demand after n days (BODn)–Part 2: method for undiluted samples (ISO 5815:1989, Modified), PN-EN 1899-2:2002P, Pol Com for Stand. Warsaw, PolandGoogle Scholar
  28. Water Quality (1999) Guidelines for the determination of total organic carbon (TOC) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC), PN-EN 1484:1999P, Pol Com for Stand. Warsaw, PolandGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eugeniusz Koda
    • 1
  • Anna Sieczka
    • 1
  • Anna Miszkowska
    • 1
  • Piotr Osiński
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of Geotechnical EngineeringUniversity of Life Sciences SGGWWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations