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Bioproduct Engineering Solution to Sustainable Energy—Retrospection

  • Elechi OkohEmail author
  • Bernard Oruabena
  • Ebitei Sintei
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 31)

Abstract

The development of sustainable energy systems based on renewable biomass feedstock, an effort on the global scale is now yielding a good result. The pilot, demonstration, and commercialization of flagship projects on cellulosic ethanol production are on in almost every continent of the world. Despite the technical barriers on the road to the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass, the cellulose bioethanol which was once regarded as the fuel of the future has been moved from promise to reality. With sound national energy policies and modern technologies, the commercialization of lignocellulosic biofuel from biomass has been attained, and bioenergy is now renewable and sustainable without the negative effect on food security. Out of many alternatives processes identified for the conversion of biomass to biofuel, biochemical conversion through saccharification and fermentation is a major pathway for liquid fuel production from biomass in the United States and liquefaction (either direct or indirect) of biopolymers to basic elements, which are then recombined into chemicals and fuels is also a process of choice in Europe. This paper will attempt to review recent updates on lignocellulosic biomass-derived ethanol fuel including the key technical barriers to the commercialization process.

Keywords

Biomass Biorefinery Conversion technologies Fossil fuel Pretreatment Greenhouse gases 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Engineering Technology, Department of Chemical EngineeringFederal Polytechnic EkoweEkoweNigeria

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