Characterization of Summer Monsoon Onset Over Selected Cities of Haryana

  • Deeksha MalikEmail author
  • Deepak Soni
  • K. K. Singh
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 31)


The study attempts to explore the onset of monsoon in the Haryana region during (1997–2014) in monsoon season (June–September). The onset of summer monsoon indicates the beginning of summer monsoon, and thus, a valuable input for many applications. In this work, daily rainfall data is analysed and the onset of monsoon is determined in the Haryana, and the selected cities of Haryana (Yamunanagar, Kurukshetra and Panchkula) is determined. The onset of the Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) is based on the agronomic need that ensured sufficient soil moisture in the subsequent days after the local onset for the germination of the planted seeds. The definition was such that at least a 5-day wet sequence of ≥1 mm per day followed by a 10-day dry spell in the 30 days following the first rains. Mann–Kendall test is applied to detect a trend in the onset of monsoon and Sen’s slope estimator for the determination of slope. The results demonstrate an increasing or decreasing trend in the onset of monsoon in the cities of Haryana within the year.


Rainfall Monsoon Trend Confidence limit MK test Sen’s slope estimator 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Technology KurukshetraKurukshetraIndia

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