River Sarasvati: A Study of Possible Revival

  • Aman ChauhanEmail author
  • Baldev Setia
  • Arvind Kaushik
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 31)


This paper presents the ancient historical and glorious past of the River Sarasvati that existed in north-western part of India. The paper also makes an endeavour to identify and trace its course that has been extinct now and reflects on the modes and methods of its revival. Various evidence that validate the fact that mythological river Sarasvati actually existed in past are also presented in this paper. The most plausible reason for ultimate desiccation of the mighty river is due to modification of courses of major tributaries of the Sarasvati, the Yamuna and the Satlej, possibly on account of tectonic movement of plates in Siwalik ranges. A scheme has been proposed to introduce flow into the course proposed after identifying the paleochannels believed to be those of River Sarasvati. An initiative of Government of Haryana in the direction of revival and to maintain heritage of River Sarasvati, a special division named Sarasvati Heritage Circle has been formed. The circle monitors the progress of the project with the collaboration of Central Water Commission, Haryana Irrigation and Water Department and Water and Power Consultancy Service (Wapcos). The proposal and progress made by the Circle has also been discussed in this paper. It is expected that project when completed will be able to not only revive the River Sarasvati but also will also be a big step in the spiritual upliftment of the people of India.


Revival River sarasvati Desiccation 


  1. Bakliwal PC (1988) On the migration of Sarasvati river in Thar Desert, western India. Record Geol Surv India 116:77–86Google Scholar
  2. Bhadra BK, Gupta AK, Sharma JR (2009) Sarasvati Nadi in Haryana and its linkage with the Vedic Sarasvati River—integrated study based on satellite images and ground based information. J Geol Soc India 73(2):273–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chauhan DS (1999) Mythological observations and scientific evaluation of the Lost Sarasvati River. Mem Geol Soc India, 35–46Google Scholar
  4. Ghose B, Kar A, Hussain Z (1980) Comparative role of Aravalli and Himalayan river systems in the fluvial sedimentation of Rajasthan desert. Man Environ 4:8–12Google Scholar
  5. Gupta AK, Sharma JR, Sreenivasan G, Srivastava KS (2004) New findings on the course of River Sarasvati. J Indian Soc Remote Sens 32(1):1–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gupta AK, Sharma JR (1999) Discovering course of River Sarasvati. RRSSC-J/ISRO Technical report, 47Google Scholar
  7. Kalyanaraman S (1999) Sarasvati River, goddess and civilization. Mem Geol Soc India, 25–34Google Scholar
  8. Kochhar R (2000) The vedic people: their history and geography. Orient LongmanGoogle Scholar
  9. Malik JN, Merh SS, Sridhar V (1999) Palaeo-delta complex of Vedic Sarasvati and other ancient rivers of northwestern India. Memoirs-Geological Society of India, pp 163–174Google Scholar
  10. Mitra DS, Bhadu B (2012) Possible contribution of River Sarasvati in groundwater aquifer system in western Rajasthan, India. Curr Sci 685–689Google Scholar
  11. Mohindra R, Parkash B (1994) Geomorphology and neotectonic activity of the Gandak Mega-fan and adjoining areas, middle Gangetic Plains. J Geol Soc India 43(2):149–157Google Scholar
  12. Puri VMK (2001) Origin and course of Vedic Sarasvati River in Himalaya—its secular desiccation episodes as deciphered from palaeo-glaciation and geomorphological signatures. Geol Surv India Spec Publ 53:175–191Google Scholar
  13. Purohit R (2006) Mythical River flowed off Pehowa: New light on Sarasvati. Tribune, Chandigarh, p 2006, December 13Google Scholar
  14. Radhakrishna BP (1999) Vedic Sarasvati and the dawn of Indian civilization. Mem Geol Soc India, 5–14Google Scholar
  15. Ramasamy SM, Bakliwal PC, Verma RP (1991) Remote sensing and river migration in Western India. Title Remote Sens 12(12):2597–2609CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Sahai B (1999) Unraveling of the ‘lost’ Vedic Sarasvati. Mem Geol Soc India, 121–142Google Scholar
  17. Sharma JR, Bhadra BK (2009) Satellite imagery and Sarasvati: tracing the Lost River. Article Geosp Today, 18–20Google Scholar
  18. Sood RK, Sahai B (1983) Hydrographic changes in northwestern India. Man Environ 7(1–2):166–189Google Scholar
  19. Srivastava GS, Kulshrestha AK (2005) Neotectonic movements of Markanda and Bata blocks, Himachal Pradesh: inferences from morphometric analysis. Geol Surv India Spec Publ 85:217–224Google Scholar
  20. Valdiya KS (2002) Sarasvati: the river that disappeared. Universities PressGoogle Scholar
  21. Yashpal B (1980) Remote sensing of the lost Sarasvati River. Proc Indian Acad Sci (Earth & Planet Sci) 89:317–337Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Technology KurukshetraKurukshetraIndia

Personalised recommendations