Advertisement

Management of Plant Diseases by PGPR-Mediated Induced Resistance with Special Reference to Tea and Rice Crops

  • Yadi Suryadi
  • Dwi Ningsih Susilowati
  • Fani Fauziah
Chapter
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 13)

Abstract

Among the biotic stresses, plant pathogens can reduce yield crop which affected potential loss to crop productivity. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) can help plants to be resistant against biotic stress via direct antagonism to pathogens or by induction of systemic resistance to pathogens. The presence of high levels of nutrients exuded from various roots of most plants can support bacterial growth and metabolism as well as maintain health of the plant in the growth process. PGPR promote plant growth due to their abilities in phytohormone production, nitrogen fixation, and phosphorus solubilization; produce several substances which are related to pathogen control, i.e., exhibiting competition with plant pathogens, synthesis of antibiotics, antifungal metabolites and defense enzymes, and secretion of iron-chelating siderophores; and trigger induced systemic resistance (ISR) via methyl jasmonate and methyl salicylate in plants. The ISR resembles pathogen-induced systemic acquired resistance (SAR) through the salicylic acid-dependent SAR pathway under conditions where the inducing bacteria and the challenging pathogen remain spatially separated. The use of PGPR combinations of different mechanisms of action, i.e., induced resistance and antagonistic PGPR, might be useful in formulating inoculants leading to a more efficient use for biological control strategies to improve crop productivity. Many PGPR have been isolated from the tissues of many plants, and various species of bacteria, i.e., Azotobacter, Azospirillum, Alcaligenes, Arthrobacter, Bacillus, Burkholderia, Enterobacter, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, and Serratia, have been reported to control several diseases and enhance plant growth. PGPR belonging to the genera Pseudomonas and Bacillus are also well known for their antagonistic effects and their ability to trigger ISR. An increasingly successful study to reduce disease severity is the use of bacteria, namely, Bacillus subtilis, P. fluorescens, Serratia, and the fungus Trichoderma. Tea and rice plants are cultivated in Indonesia predominantly in Java and Sumatra islands. Major constraints of cultivation include low fertility of soils, poor input management, low germination, and high susceptibility to the diseases. The strategies employed by PGPR provide promising approaches to alter agricultural crops and plantation practices toward sustainable environmental development. Research has been conducted to know the effect of PGPR on tea plant growth that can work optimally as a biological fertilizer and plant-induced resistance to suppress blister blight (Exobasidium vexans Massee), a major disease in tea plantation that can decrease yield loss up to 50%. Individual PGPR strains for in vitro broad-spectrum pathogen suppression and production of several physiological/biochemical activities related to plant growth promotion have been screened. Numerous bacterial isolates have been found to function both as biofertilizers and biological control agents, namely, Chryseobacterium sp. AzII-1, Acinetobacter sp., Alcaligenes sp. E5, Bacillus E65, and Burkholderia E76. Study about synergism among bacteria has been carried out in the laboratory test using four combinations, i.e., (a) Chryseobacterium sp. AzII-1 + Acinetobacter sp., (b) Chryseobacterium sp. AzII-1 + Alcaligenes sp. E5, (c) Chryseobacterium sp. AzII-1 + Bacillus E65, and (d) Chryseobacterium sp. AzII-1 + Burkholderia E76. All bacterial combinations had a synergistic effect. It was shown that the bacterial population was not significantly different with the average of the total bacterial population (4.62 × 108 CFU/ml). The effect of bacterial combinations to blister blight and plant growth under a tea nursery trial revealed that combination of Chryseobacterium sp. AzII-1 75% + Alcaligenes sp. E5 25% could increase the growth of tea plant and suppress the intensity of blister blight up to 1.27%. The disease intensity of blister blight decreased in all treatments under field trial, while the Acinetobacter sp. treatment in tea shoots was 17.26% higher than the control. PGPR have also been isolated from cultivated rice. Serratia SKM, Burkholderia E76, and Bacillus E65 have the potential for controlling rice diseases and induce plant growth promotion. Under in vitro antagonistic assay, it was shown that these isolates could suppress effectively the growth of rice pathogens Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, the causal agent of bacterial blight (BB). Kaolin formulation of these three isolates was evaluated as a foliar application on rice. PGPR application under experimental plots resulted in enhancement of rice growth and yield, with the yield increment on cv. Sintanur being 12.8 percent higher compared with control (cv. Ciherang). Based on PGPR application technology which is demonstrated in farmers’ plots, the severity of BB disease was reduced to 76.8 percent compared with the untreated plot. The farmers were convinced with the beneficial effects of PGPR on both plant growth and yield and reduction of BB disease incidence. PGPR technologies have the potential to reduce agrochemical application. They can also be exploited as low in input and environmentally friendly for sustainable plant management. PGPR is highly diverse, and in this review, we focus on PGPR in plant growth promotion, as well as understanding the role of PGPR in crop protection.

Keywords

PGPR Biotic stress management Biocontrol ISR Blister blight of tea 

References

  1. Abeles FB, Morgan PW, Saltveit ME Jr (1992) Ethylene in plant biology. Academic, San Diego, pp 105–110Google Scholar
  2. Abriouel H, Franz CM, Ben Omar N, Gálvez A (2011) Diversity and applications of Bacillus bacteriocins. FEMS Microbiol Rev 35:201–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Adesemoye AO, Torbert HA, Kloepper JW (2009) Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria allow reduced application rates of chemical fertilizers. Microb Ecol 58:921–929PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Adesemoye AO, Torbert HA, Kloepper JW (2010) Increased plant uptake of nitrogen from 15N-depleted fertilizer using plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Appl Soil Ecol 46:54–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Agustiansyah, Ilyas S, Sudarsono, Machmud M (2010) The effect of biological seed treatment applied on Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae infected rice seeds on quality and seedling growth. J Agron Indonesia 38(3):185–191Google Scholar
  6. Ahmad F, Ahmad I, Khan M (2008) Screening of free-living rhizospheric bacteria for their multiple plant growth promoting activities. Microbiol Res 163:173–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Akram W, Mahboob A, Javed AA (2013) Bacillus thuringiensis strain 199 can induce systemic resistance in tomato against Fusarium wilt. Eur J Microbiol Immunol 3:275–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Aliye N, Fininsa C, Hiskias Y (2008) Evaluation of rhizosphere bacterial antagonists for their potential to bioprotect potato (Solanum tuberosum) against bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum). Biol Control 47:282–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Amar JD, Manoj K, Rajesh K (2013) Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) an alternative of chemical fertilizer for sustainable environment-friendly agriculture. Res J Agric For Sci 1:21–23Google Scholar
  10. Andrews SC, Robinson AK, Rodríguez-Quiñones F (2003) Bacterial iron homeostasis. FEMS Microbiol Rev 27:215–237PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Antoun H, Kloepper JW (2001) Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. In: Brenner S, Miller JH (eds) Encyclopedia of genetics. Academic, New York, pp 1477–1480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Antoun H, Prevost D (2006) Ecology of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. In: Siddiqui ZA (ed) PGPR: biocontrol and biofertilization. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 1–38Google Scholar
  13. Arrebola E, Sivakumar D, Korsten L (2010) Effect of volatile compounds produced by Bacillus strains on postharvest decay in citrus. Biol Control 53:122–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Astuti Y (2013) Blister blight mengenal gejala, kerusakan dan cara pengendaliannya. Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan Kementerian Pertanian. http://ditjenbun.pertanian.go.id/perlindungan/berita-214-penyakit-cacar-daun-teh-mengenal-gejala-kerusakan-dan-cara-pengendaliannya.html. 2 Dec 2015
  15. Baker KF, Cook RJ (1982) Biological control of plant pathogen. W.H. Freeman/American Phytopathological Society, San Francisco/St. Paul, 433ppGoogle Scholar
  16. Bakker PAHM, Doornbos RF, Zamioudis C, Berendsen PCMJ (2013) Induced systemic resistance and the rhizosphere microbiome. Plant Pathol 29:136–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Banerjee MR, Yesmin L, Vessey JK, Rai M (2005) Plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria as biofertilizers and biopesticides. In: Handbook of microbial biofertilizers. Food Products Press, New York, pp 137–181Google Scholar
  18. Barea JM, Gryndler M, Lemanceau P, Schuepp H, Azcon R (2002) The rhizosphere of mycorrhizal plants. In: Gianinazzi S, Schuepp H, Barea JM, Haselwandter K (eds) Mycorrhiza technology in agriculture: from genes to bioproducts. Birkhauser-Verlag, Basel, pp 1–18Google Scholar
  19. Barea JM, Azcon R, Azcon-Aguilar C (2004) Mycorrhizal fungi and plant growth promotions rhizobacteria. In: Varma A, Abbott L, Werner D, Hampp R (eds) Plant: surface microbiology. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 351–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Barriuso J, Ramos Solano B, Fray RG, Cámara M, Hartmann A, Gutiérrez Mañero FJ (2008) Transgenic tomato plants alter quorum sensing in plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Plant Biotechnol J 6:442–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Beattie GA (2006) Plant-associated bacteria: survey, molecular phylogeny, genomics, and recent advances. In: Gnanamanickam SS (ed) Plant-associated bacteria. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 1–56Google Scholar
  22. Beneduzi A, Ambrosini A, Passaglia LMP (2012) Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) their potential as antagonists and biocontrol agents. Genet Mol Biol 35:1044–1051PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Benhamou N, Kloepper JW, Quadt Hallman A, Tuzun S (1996) Induction of defense-related ultrastructural modifications in pea root tissues inoculated with endophytic bacteria. Plant Physiol 112:919–929PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Benhamou N, Kloepper JW, Tuzun S (1998) Induction of resistance against Fusarium wilt of tomato by combination of chitosan with an endophytic bacterial strain: ultrastructure and cytochemistry of the host response. Planta 204:153–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Benizri E, Baudoin E, Guckert A (2001) Root colonization by inoculated plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Biocontrol Sci Tech 11:557–574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Bent E (2006) Induced systemic resistance mediated by plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and fungi (PGPF). In: Tuzun S, Bent E (eds) Multigenic and induced systemic resistance in plants. Springer, New York, pp 225–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Berry C, Fernando WD, Loewen PC, De Kievit TR (2010) Lipopeptides are essential for Pseudomonas sp. DF41 biocontrol of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Biol Control 55:211–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Beyer EM (1976) A potent inhibitor of ethylene action in plants. Plant Physiol 58:268–271PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Bharathi R, Vivekananthan R, Harish S, Ramanathan A, Samiyappan R (2004) Rhizobacteria-based bio-formulations for the management of fruit-rot infection in chillies. Crop Prot 23:835–843CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Bhattacharjee R, Dey U (2014) Biofertilizer, a way towards organic agriculture: a review. Afr J Microbial Res 8:2332–2343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Bhattacharjee RB, Singh A, Mukhopadhyay S (2008) Use of nitrogen-fixing bacteria as biofertilizer for non-legumes: prospects and challenges. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 80:199–209PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  32. Bloemberg GV, Lugtenberg BJ (2001) Molecular basis of plant growth promotion and biocontrol by rhizobacteria. Curr Opin Plant Biol 4:343–350PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  33. Bolan NS, Naidu R, Mahimairaja S, Baskaran S (1994) Influence of low-molecular-weight organic acids on the solubilization of phosphates. Biol Fert Soils 18:311–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Bottini R, Cassan F, Piccoli P (2004) Gibberellin production by bacteria and its involvement in plant growth promotion and yield increase. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 65:497–503PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  35. Boukhalfa H, Crumbliss AL (2002) Chemical aspects of siderophore-mediated iron transport. Biometals 15:325–339PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  36. Brumm PJ, Hebeda RE, Teague WM (1991) Purification and characterization of the commercialized, cloned Bacillus megaterium α-amylase. Part I: purification and hydrolytic properties. Starch 43:315–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Burkhead KD, Schisler DA, Slininger PJ (1994) Pyrrolnitrin production by biological control agent Pseudomonas cepacia B37w in culture and in colonized wounds of potatoes. Appl Environ Microbiol 60:2031–2039PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  38. Campbell R, Greaves M, Lynch J (1990) Anatomy and community structure of the rhizosphere. In: Lynch JM (ed) The rhizosphere. Wiley, Chichester, pp 11–34Google Scholar
  39. Cao H, Li X, Dong X (1998) Generation of broad-spectrum disease resistance by overexpression of an essential regulatory gene in systemic acquired resistance. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:6531–6536PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Cascales E, Buchanan SK, Duché D, Kleanthous C, Lloubès R, Postle K, Riley M, Slatin S, Cavard D (2007) Colicin biology. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 71:158–229PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Cazorla FM, Duckett SB, Bergstrom ET, Noreen S, Odijk R, Lugtenberg BJJ, Thomas-Oates JE, Bloemberg GV (2006) Biocontrol of avocado dematophora root rot by antagonistic Pseudomonas fluorescens PCL1606 correlates with the production of 2-hexyl 5-propyl resorcinol. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact 19:418–428PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  42. Chandler D, Bailey AS, Tatchell GM, Davidson G, Greaves J, Grant WP (2011) The development, regulation, and use of biopesticides for integrated pest management. Philos Trans R Soc B 366:1987–1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Chin-A-Woeng TF, Bloemberg GV, Lugtenberg BJ (2003) Phenazines and their role in biocontrol by Pseudomonas bacteria. New Phytol 157:503–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Choudhary DK, Johri BN (2009) Interactions of Bacillus sp. and plants – with special reference to induced systemic resistance (ISR). Microbiol Res 164:493–513PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Compant S, Duffy B, Nowak J, Clément C, Barka EA (2005) Use of plant growth-promoting bacteria for biocontrol of plant diseases: principles, mechanisms of action, and future prospects. Appl Environ Microbiol 71:4951–4959PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Compant S, Clément C, Sessitsch A (2010) Plant growth-promoting bacteria in the rhizo-and endosphere of plants: their role, colonization, mechanisms involved and prospects for utilization. Soil Biol Biochem 42:669–678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Cook RJ, Baker KF (1983) The nature and practice of biological control of plant pathogens. American Phytopathological Society, St. PaulGoogle Scholar
  48. Crosa JH, Walsh CT (2002) Genetics and assembly line enzymology of siderophore biosynthesis in bacteria. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 66:223–249PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Crowley DE (2006) Microbial siderophores in the plant rhizospheric. In: Barton LL, Abadía J (eds) Iron nutrition in plants and rhizospheric microorganisms. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 169–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. D’aes J, Hua GKH, De Maeyer K, Pannecoucque J, Forrez I, Ongena M, Dietrich LE, Thomashow LS, Mavrodi DV, Höfte M (2011) Biological control of Rhizoctonia root rot on bean by phenazine and cyclic lipopeptide-producing Pseudomonas CMR12a. Phytopathology 101:996–1004PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  51. Dao TTH, Linthorst HJM, Verpoorte R (2011) Chalcone synthase and its functions in plant resistance. Phytochem Rev 10:397–412PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. de Bruijn I, de Kock MJD, Yang M, de Waard P, van Beek TA, Raaijmakers JM (2007) Genome-based discovery, structure prediction and functional analysis of cyclic lipopeptide antibiotics in Pseudomonas species. Mol Microbiol 63:417–428CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  53. de Laat AMM, Van Loon LC (1982) Regulation of ethylene biosynthesis in virus-infected tobacco leaves: II. Time course of levels of intermediates and in vivo conversion rates. Plant Physiol 69:240–245PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. de Salamone IEG, Hynes RK, Nelson LM (2006) Role of cytokinins in plant growth promotion by rhizosphere bacteria. In: Siddiqui ZA (ed) PGPR: biocontrol and biofertilization. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 173–195Google Scholar
  55. de Souza JT, Arnould C, Deulvot C, Lemanceau P, Gianinazzi-Pearson V, Raaijmakers JM (2003) Effect of 2,4-diacetyl phloroglucinol on Pythium: cellular responses and variation in sensitivity among propagules and species. Phytopathology 93:966–975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. de Vleesschauwer D, Höfte M (2009) Rhizobacteria-induced systemic resistance. Adv Bot Res 51:223–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. de Weert S, Vermeiren H, Mulders IHM, Kuiper I, Hendrickx N, Bloemberg GV, Vanderleyden J, Mot R, Lugtenberg BJJ (2002) Flagella-driven chemotaxis towards exudate components is an important trait for tomato root colonization by Pseudomonas fluorescens. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact 15:1173–1180PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  58. de Weert S, Kuiper I, Lagendijk EL, Lamers GEM, Lugtenberg BJJ (2004) Role of chemotaxis towards fusaric acid in colonization of hyphae of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis lycopersici by Pseudomonas fluorescens WCS365. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact 16:1185–1191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. de Weger LA, Bakker PA, Schippers B, van Loosdrecht MC, Lugtenberg BJ (1989) Pseudomonas spp. with mutational changes in the O-antigenic side chain of their lipopolysaccharide are affected in their ability to colonize potato roots. In: Signal molecules in plants and plant-microbe interactions. Springer, Berlin, pp 197–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Dekkers LC, van der Bij AJ, Mulders IH, Phoelich CC, Wentwoord RA, Glandorf DC, Wijffelman CA, Lugtenberg BJ (1998) Role of the O-antigen of lipopolysaccharide, and possible roles of growth rate and of NADH: ubiquinone oxidoreductase (nuo) in competitive tomato root-tip colonization by Pseudomonas fluorescens WCS365. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact 11:763–771PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  61. Deleu M, Paquot M, Nylander T (2008) Effect of fengycin, a lipopeptide produced by Bacillus subtilis, on model biomembranes. Biophys J 94:2667–2679PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Delwiche CC (1970) The nitrogen cycle. Sci Am 223:136–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Després C, DeLong C, Glaze S, Liu E, Fobert PR (2000) The Arabidopsis NPR1/NIM1 protein enhances the DNA binding activity of a subgroup of the TGA family of bZIP transcription factors. Plant Cell 12:279–290PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Dietel K, Budiharjo A, Borriss R (2013) Bacterial traits involved in colonization of Arabidopsis thaliana roots by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42. Plant Pathol J 29:59–66PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Dimkpa CO, Merten D, Svatos A, Büchel G, Kothe E (2009) Siderophores mediate reduced and increased uptake of cadmium by Streptomyces tendae F4 and sunflower (Helianthus Annuus), respectively. J Appl Microbiol 107:1687–1696PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  66. Ding Y, Wang J, Liu Y, Chen S (2005) Isolation and identification of nitrogen-fixing bacilli from plant rhizospheres in the Beijing region. J Appl Microbiol 99:1271–1281PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  67. Dobbelaere S, Vanderleyden J, Okon Y (2003) Plant growth-promoting effects of diazotrophs in the rhizosphere. Crit Rev Plant Sci 22:107–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Döbereiner J (1992) History and new perspectives of diazotrophs in association with non-leguminous plants. Symbiosis 13:1–13Google Scholar
  69. Doke N (1983) Involvement of superoxide anion generation in the hypersensitive response of potato tuber tissues to infection with an incompatible race of Phytophthora infestans and to the hyphal wall components. Physiol Plant Pathol 23(3):345–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Domenech J, Reddy M, Kloepper J, Ramos B, Gutierrez-Manero J (2006) Combined application of the biological product LS213 with Bacillus, Pseudomonas or Chryseobacterium for growth promotion and biological control of soil-borne diseases in pepper and tomato. BioControl 51:245–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Dowling DN, O’Gara F (1994) Metabolites of Pseudomonas involved in the biocontrol of plant disease. Trends Biotechnol 12:133–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Duffy B (2003) Pathogen self-defense: mechanisms to counteract microbial antagonism. Annu Rev Phytopathol 41:501–538PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  73. Duijff BJ, Gianinazzi Pearson V, Lemanceau P (1997) Involvement of the outer membrane lipopolysaccharides in the endophytic colonization of tomato roots by biocontrol Pseudomonas fluorescens strain WCS417r. New Phytol 135:325–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Durrant W, Dong X (2004) Systemic acquired resistance. Annu Rev Phytopathol 42:185–209PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  75. Dutta S, Podile AR (2010) Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR): the bugs to debug the root zone. Crit Rev Microbiol 36:232–244PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  76. Dwivedi D, Johri BN (2003) Antifungals from fluorescent pseudomonads: biosynthesis and regulation. Curr Sci 12:1693–1703Google Scholar
  77. El Meleigi MA, Al-Rogaibah AA, Ibrahim GH, Al Gamhan KA (2014) Role of antibiosis and production of Indole-3-acetic acid by bacilli strains in the suppression of root pathogens and growth promotion of alfalfa seedlings. Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci 3:685–696Google Scholar
  78. Elmqvist T, Folke C, Nyström M, Peterson G, Bengtsson J, Walker B, Norberg J (2003) Response diversity, ecosystem change, and resilience. Front Ecol Environ 1:488–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Emmert EAB, Handelsman J (1999) Biocontrol of plant disease: a Gram-positive perspective. FEMS Microbiol Lett 171:1–9PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  80. Erturk Y, Ercisli S, Haznedar A, Cakmakci R (2010) Effects of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) on rooting and root growth of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) stem cuttings. Biol Res 42:91–98Google Scholar
  81. Etesami H, Alikhani HA, Jadidi M, Aliakbari A (2009) Effect of superior IAA producing rhizobia on N, P, K uptake by wheat is grown under greenhouse condition. World Appl Sci J 6:1629–1633Google Scholar
  82. Fan W, Dong X (2002) In vivo interaction between NPR1 and transcription factor TGA2 leads to salicylic acid-mediated gene activation in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 14:1377–1389PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Fatima Z, Bano A, Sial R, Gill MA (2008) Response of chickpea to plant growth regulators on nitrogen fixation and yield. Pak J Bot 40(5):2005–2013Google Scholar
  84. Fernando WD, Nakkeeran S, Zhang Y (2006) Biosynthesis of antibiotics by PGPR and its relation in biocontrol of plant diseases. In: PGPR: biocontrol and biofertilization. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 67–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Fibach-Paldi S, Burdman S, Okon Y (2012) Key physiological properties contributing to rhizosphere adaptation and plant growth promotion abilities of Azospirillum brasilense. FEMS Microbiol Lett 326:99–108PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Figueiredo M, Seldin L, de Araujo F, Mariano R (2011) Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria: fundamentals and applications. In: Maheshwari DK (ed) Plant growth and health-promoting bacteria. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 21–43Google Scholar
  87. Friedrich L, Lawton K, Dietrich R, Willits M, Cade R, Ryals J (2001) NIM1 over expression in Arabidopsis potentiatesplant disease resistance and results in enhanced effectiveness of fungicides. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact 14:1114–1124PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  88. Gani A, Kadir TS, Jatiharti A, Wardhana IP, Las I (2002) The system of rice intensification in Indonesia. Proceedings assessments of the system of rice intensification, pp 58–63Google Scholar
  89. Gaonkar T, Nayak PK, Garg S, Bhosle S (2012) Siderophore-producing bacteria from a sand dune ecosystem and the effect of sodium benzoate on siderophore production by a potential isolate. Sci World J 2012:857249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. García de Salamone IE, Hynes RK, Nelson LM (2001) Cytokinin production by plant growth promoting rhizobacteria and selected mutants. Can J Microbiol 47:404–411PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Gates SD, McCartt AD, Lappas P, Jeffries JB, Hanson RK, Hokama LA, Mortelmans KE (2010) Bacillus endospore resistance to gas dynamic heating. J Appl Microbiol 109:1591–1598PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. Gaur A (1990) Phosphate solubilizing micro-organisms as biofertilizer. Omega Scientific Publishers, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  93. Gilbertson AW, Fitch MW, Burken JG, Wood TK (2007) Transport and survival of GFP-tagged root-colonizing microbes: implications for rhizodegradation. Eur J Soil Biol 43:224–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Giraud E, Xu L, Chaintreuil C, Gargani D, Gully D, Sadowsky MJ (2013) Photosynthetic Bradyrhizobium sp. strain ORS285 is capable of forming nitrogen-fixing root nodules on soybeans (Glycine max). Appl Environ Microbiol 79:2459–2462PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Glick BR (1995) The enhancement of plant growth by free-living bacteria. Can J Microbiol 41:109–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Glick BR, Bashan Y (1997) Genetic manipulation of plant growth-promoting bacteria to enhance biocontrol of phytopathogens. Biotechnol Adv 15:353–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Glick BR, Patten CL, Holguin G, Penrose DM (1999) Biochemical and genetic mechanisms used by plant growth promoting bacteria. Imperial College Press, London, pp 351–376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Glick BR, Cheng Z, Czarny J, Duan J (2007) Promotion of plant growth by ACC deaminase-producing soil bacteria. Eur J Plant Pathol 119:329–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Gnanamanickam SS (2009) Biological control of rice diseases. Springer, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Govindasamy V, Senthilkumar M, Maheshwari V, Kumar U, Bose P, Sharma V, Annapurna K (2011) Bacillus and Paenibacillus spp.: potential PGPR for sustainable agriculture. In: Plant growth and health-promoting bacteria. Springer, Berlin, pp 333–364Google Scholar
  101. Graham DL, Steiner JL, Wiese AF (1998) Light absorption and competition in mix sorghum-pigweed communities. Agron J 80:415–418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Gray EJ, Smith DL (2005) Intracellular and extracellular PGPR: commonalities and distinctions in the plant-bacterium signaling processes. Soil Biol Biochem 37:395–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Grichko VP, Glick BR (2001) Amelioration of flooding stress by ACC deaminase-containing plant growth-promoting bacteria. Plant Physiol Biochem 39:11–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Gulati A, Ravindarath SD, Satyanarayana G, Chakraborty DN (1993) Effect of blister blight on infusion quality in orthodox tea. Indian Phytopathol 46:155–159Google Scholar
  105. Haas D, Défago G (2005) Biological control of soil-borne pathogens by fluorescent pseudomonads. Nat Rev Microbiol 3:307–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Haas D, Keel C (2003) Regulation of antibiotic production in root-colonizing Pseudomonas spp. and relevance for biological control of plant disease. Annu Rev Phytopathol 41:117–153PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  107. Hallmann J (2001) Plant interactions with endophytic bacteria. CABI, New York, pp 87–119Google Scholar
  108. Hardoim PR, van Overbeek LS, van Elsas JD (2008) Properties of bacterial endophytes and their proposed role in plant growth. Trends Microbiol 16:463–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Hassan MN, Afghan S, Hafeez FY (2010) Suppression of red rot caused by Colletotrichum falcatum on sugarcane plants using plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. BioControl 55:531–542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Hassan MN, Afghan S, Hafeez FY (2011) Biological control of red rot in sugarcane by native pyoluteorin-producing Pseudomonas putida strain NH-50 under field conditions and its potential modes of action. Pest Manage Sci 67:1147–1154Google Scholar
  111. Hayes J, Richardson A, Simpson R (2000) Components of organic phosphorus in soil extracts that are hydrolyzed by phytase and acid phosphatase. Biol Fertil Soils 32:279–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. He H, Silo-Suh LA, Handelsman J, Clardy J (1994) Zwittermicin A, an antifungal and plant protection agent from Bacillus cereus. Tetrahedron Lett 35:2499–2502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Hewitt EJ, Smith TA (1974) Plant mineral nutrition. English Universities Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  114. Hill DS, Stein JI, Torkewitz NR, Morse AM, Howell CR, Pachlatko JP, Becker JO, Ligon JM (1994) Cloning of genes involved in the synthesis of pyrrolnitrin from Pseudomonas fluorescens and role of pyrrolnitrin synthesis in biological control of plant disease. Appl Environ Microbiol 60:78–85PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  115. Höfte M, Bakker PA (2007) Competition for iron and induced systemic resistance by siderophores of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. In: Microbial siderophores. Springer, Berlin, pp 121–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Huang C, Wang T, Chung S, Chen C (2005) Identification of an antifungal chitinase from a potential biocontrol agent, Bacillus cereus 28-9. J Biochem Mol Biol 38:82PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  117. Jagadeesh KS, Kulkarni JH, Krishnaraj PU (2001) Evaluation of the role of fluorescent siderophore in the biological control of bacterial wilt in tomato using Tn 5 mutants of fluorescent Pseudomonas sp. Curr Sci 81:882Google Scholar
  118. James E, Reis V, Olivares F, Baldani J, Döbereiner J (1994) Infection of sugar cane by the nitrogen-fixing bacterium Acetobacter diazotrophicus. J Exp Bot 45:757–766CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Jellis G (1998) Resistance of crop plants against fungi. Plant Pathol 47:681–681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Jetiyanon K, Kloepper JW (2002) Mixtures of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria for induction of systemic resistance against multiple plant diseases. Biol Control 24:285–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Jetiyanon K, Fowler WD, Kloepper JW (2003) Broad-spectrum protection against several pathogens by PGPR mixtures under field conditions in Thailand. Plant Dis 87:1390–1394PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  122. Jha Y, Subramanian R (2014) PGPR regulate caspase-like activity, programmed cell death, and antioxidant enzyme activity in paddy under salinity. Physiol Mol Biol Plants 20:201–207PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Ji P, Campbell HL, Kloepper JW, Jones JB, Suslow TV, Wilson M (2006) Integrated biological control of bacterial speck and spot of tomato under field conditions using foliar biological control agents and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Biol Control 36:358–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Kaitaniemi P, Honkanen T (1996) Simulating source-sink control of carbon and nutrient translocation in a modular plant. Ecol Model 88:227–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Kamilova F, Validov S, Azarova T, Mulders I, Lugtenberg B (2005) Enrichment for enhanced competitive plant root tip colonizers selects for a new class of biocontrol bacteria. Environ Microbiol 7:1809–1817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Kamilova F, Lamers G, Lugtenberg B (2008) Biocontrol strain Pseudomonas fluorescens WCS365 inhibits germination of Fusarium oxysporum spores in tomato root exudate as well as the subsequent formation of new spores. Environ Microbiol 10:2455–24561PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  127. Katiyar V, Goel R (2004) Siderophore-mediated plant growth promotion at low temperature by a mutant of fluorescent pseudomonads. Plant Growth Regul 42:239–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Katsuwon J, Anderson AJ (1990) Catalase and superoxide dismutase of root-colonizing saprophytic fluorescent pseudomonads. Appl Environ Microbiol 56(11):3576–3582PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  129. Kennedy AC (1998) The rhizosphere and spermosphere. In: Sylvia DM, Fuhrmann JJ, Hartel PG, Zuberer DA (eds) Principles and applications of soil microbiology. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, pp 389–407Google Scholar
  130. Khalid A, Arshad M, Zahir ZA (2004) Screening plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria for improving growth and yield of wheat. J Appl Microbiol 96:473–480PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  131. Khammas K, Ageron E, Grimont P, Kaiser P (1989) Azospirillum irakense sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing bacterium associated with rice roots and rhizosphere soil. Res Microbiol 140:679–693PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  132. Kilic-Ekici O, Yuen G (2004) Comparison of strains of Lysobacter enzymogenes and PGPR for induction of resistance against Bipolaris sorokiniana in tall fescue. Biol Control 30:446–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Kim J, Rees DC (1994) Nitrogenase and biological nitrogen fixation. Biochemistry 33:389–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Kim YC, Jung H, Kim KY, Park SK (2008) An effective biocontrol bioformulation against Phytophthora blight of pepper using growth mixtures of combined chitinolytic bacteria under different field conditions. Eur J Plant Pathol 120:373–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Kinkema M, Fan W, Dong X (2000) Nuclear localization of NPR1 is required for activation of PR gene expression. Plant Cell 12:2339–2350PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Kloepper JW, Beauchamp CJ (1992) A review of issues related to measuring colonization of plant roots by bacteria. Can J Microbiol 38:1219–1232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Kloepper JW, Schroth MN (1978) Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria on radishes Proceedings of the 4th international conference on plant pathogenic Bacteria Station de Pathologie Vegetable et Phytobacteriologie. INRA, Angers, France, pp 879–882Google Scholar
  138. Kloepper JW, Leong J, Teintze M, Schroth MN (1980) Pseudomonas siderophores: a mechanism explaining disease suppressive soils. Curr Microbiol 4:317–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Kloepper JW, Wei G, Tuzun S (1992) Rhizosphere population dynamics and internal colonization of cucumber by plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria which induce resistance to Colletotrichum orbiculare. In: Tjamos ES (ed) Biological control of plant diseases. Plenum Press, New York, pp 185–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Kloepper JW, Ryu CM, Zhang SA (2004) Induced systemic resistance and promotion of plant growth by Bacillus spp. Phytopathology 94:1259–1266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Knoester M, Pieterse CMJ, Bol JF, Van Loon LC (1999) Systemic resistance in Arabidopsis induced by rhizobacteria requires ethylene-dependent signaling at the site of application. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact 12:720–727PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  142. Kokalis-Burelle N, Kloepper JW, Reddy MS (2005) Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria as transplant amendments and their effects on indigenous rhizosphere microorganisms. Appl Soil Ecol 31:91–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Kumar V, Behl RK, Narula N (2001) Establishment of phosphate-solubilizing strains of Azotobacter chroococcum in the rhizosphere and their effect on wheat cultivars under greenhouse conditions. Microbiol Res 156:87–93PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  144. Labuschagne N, Pretorius T, Idris A (2011) Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria as biocontrol agents against soil-borne plant diseases. In: Plant growth and health-promoting bacteria. Springer, Berlin, pp 211–230Google Scholar
  145. Lanteigne C, Gadkar VJ, Wallon T, Novinscak A, Filion M (2012) Production of DAPG and HCN by Pseudomonas sp. LBUM300 contributes to the biological control of bacterial canker of tomato. Phytopathology 102:967–973PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  146. Leelasuphakul W, Sivanunsakul P, Phongpaichit S (2006) Purification, characterization and synergistic activity of β-1, 3-glucanase and antibiotic extract from an antagonistic Bacillus subtilis NSRS 89-24 against rice blast and sheath blight. Enzym Microb Technol 38:990–997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Leeman M, Van Pelt JA, Den Ouden FM, Heinsbroek M, Bakker P, Schippers B (1995) Induction of systemic resistance against Fusarium wilt of radish by lipopolysaccharides of Pseudomonas fluorescens. Phytopathology 85:1021–1027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Lestari P, Suryadi Y, Susilowati DN, Priyatno TP, Samudra IM (2015) Characterization of bacteria producing indole acetic acid and its effect on rice seed vigor. Berita Biol 14(1):19–28Google Scholar
  149. Li XY, Mao ZC, Wu YX, Ho HH, He YQ (2015) Comprehensive volatile organic compounds profiling of Bacillus species with biocontrol properties by headspace solid phase microextraction with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Biocontrol Sci Tech 25:132–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Linderman RG (1992) Vascular-arbuscular mycorrhiza and soil microbial interacttions. In: Bethlenfalvay GJ, Linderman RG (eds) Mycorrhizae in sustainable agriculture. ASA Special Publication, Madison, pp 45–70Google Scholar
  151. Liu L, Kloepper J, Tuzun S (1995) Induction of systemic resistance in cucumber against Fusarium wilt by plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Phytopathology 85:695–698CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Liu F, Xing S, Ma H, Du Z, Ma B (2013) Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria affect the growth and nutrient uptake of Fraxinus americana container seedlings. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 97:4617–4625PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  153. Loper JE (1988) Role of fluorescent siderophore production in biological control of Pythium ultimum by a Pseudomonas fluorescens strain. Phytopathology 78:166–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Lucas JA, Ramos Solano B, Montes F, Ojeda J, Megias M, Gutierrez Mañero FJ (2009) Use of two PGPR strains in the integrated management of blast disease in rice (Oryza sativa) in southern Spain. Field Crops Res 114:404–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Lugtenberg B, Kamilova F (2009) Plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Annu Rev Microbiol 63:541–556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Lugtenberg BJJ, Dekkers L, Bloemberg GV (2001) Molecular determinants of rhizosphere colonization by Pseudomonas. Annu Rev Phytopathol 39:461–490PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  157. Lynch JM (1990) The rhizosphere. Wiley, New York, pp 351–371Google Scholar
  158. Maksimov IV, Abizgil’dina RR, Pusenkova LI (2011) Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria as an alternative to chemical crop protectors from pathogens. Appl Biochem Microbiol 47:373–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Manandhar HK, Jorgensen HJL, Smedegaard-Petersen V, Mathur SB (1998) Seedborne infection of rice by Pyricularia grisea and its transmission to seedling. Plant Dis 82:1093–1099PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  160. Mariano R, Kloepper J (2000) Método alternativo de biocontrole: resistência sistêmica induzida por rizobactérias. Rev Anu Patologia de Plant 8:121–137Google Scholar
  161. Mariutto M, Duby F, Adam A, Bureau C, Fauconnier ML, Ongena M, Thonart P, Dommes J (2011) The elicitation of systemic resistance by Pseudomonas putida BTP1 in tomato involves the stimulation of two lipoxygenase isoforms. BMC Plant Biol 11:29PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Martosupono M (1995) Beberapa Faktor yang Berengaria pada ketahanan tanaman the terhadap penyakit car (Exobasidium vexans). Disertasi. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada, 143pGoogle Scholar
  163. Masalha J, Kosegarten H, Elmaci Ö, Mengel K (2000) The central role of microbial activity for iron acquisition in maize and sunflower. Biol Fertil Soils 30:433–439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Mattoo AK, Suttle JC (1991) The plant hormone ethylene. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 124–129Google Scholar
  165. Maurhofer M, Hase C, Meuwly P, Métraux JP, Défago G (1994) Induction of systemic resistance of tobacco to tobacco necrosis virus by the root-colonizing Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CHA0: influence of the gacA gene and pyoverdine production. Phytopathology 84:139–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. Maurhofer M, Reimmann C, Schmidli-Sacherer P, Heeb S, Haas D, Défago G (1998) Salicylic acid biosynthetic genes expressed in Pseudomonas fluorescens strain P3 improve the induction of systemic resistance in tobacco against tobacco necrosis virus. Phytopathology 88:678–684PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  167. Meziane H, Van der Sluis I, Van Loon LC, Hofte M, Bakker PAHM (2005) Determinants of Pseudomonas putida WCS358 involved in inducing systemic resistance in plants. Mol Plant Pathol 6:177–185PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  168. Mishina TE, Zeier J (2007) Pathogen-associated molecular pattern recognition rather than the development of tissue necrosis contributes to bacterial induction of systemic acquired resistance in Arabidopsis. Plant J 50:500–513PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  169. Murphy JF, Zehnder GW, Schuster DJ, Sikora EJ, Polston JE, Kloepper JW (2000) Plant growth-promoting rhizobacterial mediated protection in tomato against tomato mottle virus. Plant Dis 84:779–784PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  170. Nadeem SM, Zahir ZA, Naveed M, Arshad M (2009) Rhizobacteria containing ACC-deaminase confer salt tolerance in maize grown on salt-affected fields. Can J Microbiol 55:1302–1309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Nakkeeran S, Kavitha K, Mathiyazhagan S, Fernando W, Chandrasekar G, Renukadevi P (2004) Induced systemic resistance and plant growth promotion by Pseudomonas chlororaphis strain PA-23 and Bacillus subtilis strain CBE4 against rhizome rot of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Can J Plant Pathol 26:417–418Google Scholar
  172. Nalisha I, Muskhazli M, Nor Farizan T (2006) Production of bioactive compounds by B. subtilis against S. rolfsii. Malays J Microbiol 2(2):19–23Google Scholar
  173. Nandakumar R, Babu S, Viswanathan R, Sheela J, Raguchander T, Samiyappan R (2001) A new bio-formulation containing plant growth promoting rhizobacterial mixture for the management of sheath blight and enhanced grain yield in rice. BioControl 46:493–510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. Naureen Z, Hafeez FY, Roberts MR (2009) Induction of systemic resistance against rice blast disease by PGPR isolated from the rhizosphere of rice. In: Hafeez FY, Malik KA, Zafar Y (eds) Microbial technologies for sustainable agriculture. Crystal press, Islamabad, p 269. isbn:978-969-8189-14-3Google Scholar
  175. Nautiyal CS, Bhadauria S, Kumar P, Lal H, Mondal R (2000) Stress-induced phosphate solubilization in bacteria isolated from alkaline soils. FEMS Microbiol Lett 182:291–296PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. Neilands JB, Konopka K, Schwyn B, Coy M, Francis RT, Paw BH, Bagg A (1987) Comparative biochemistry of microbial iron assimilation. In: Winkelmann G, van tier Helm D, Neilands JB (eds) Iron transport in microbes, plants, and animals. Verlagsgesellschaft-mbH, Weinheim, pp 3–33Google Scholar
  177. Niu DD, Liu HX, Jiang CH, Wang YP, Wang QY (2011) The plant growth promoting rhizobacterium Bacillus cereus AR156 induces systemic resistance in Arabidopsis thaliana by simultaneously activating salicylate-and jasmonate/ethylene-dependent signaling pathways. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact 24:533–542PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. Okon Y, Labandera Gonzalez CA (1994) Agronomic applications of Azospirillum in improving plant productivity with rhizosphere bacteria. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Adelaide, pp 274–278Google Scholar
  179. Ongena M, Daayf F, Jacques P, Thonar P, Benhamou N, Paulitz TC, Bélanger RR (2000) Systemic induction of phytoalexins in cucumber in response to treatments with fluorescent pseudomonads. Plant Pathol 49:523–530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. Ongena M, Jourdan E, Schafer M, Kech C, Budzikiewicz H, Luxen A, Thonart P (2005) Isolation of an N-alkylated benzylamine derivative from Pseudomonas putida BTP1 as an elicitor of induced systemic resistance in bean. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact 18:562–569PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  181. Ongena M, Jourdan E, Adam A, Paquot M, Brans A, Joris B, Arpigny JL, Thonart P (2007) Surfactin and fengycin lipopeptides of Bacillus subtilis as elicitors of induced systemic resistance in plants. Environ Microbiol 9:1084–1090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. Oomen PA (1980) Studies on population dynamic of the scarlet mite, Brevipalpus phoenicis, a pest of tea in Indonesia. Mededelingen Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 82-1:1–88Google Scholar
  183. Pal KK, Gardener BM (2006) Biological control of plant pathogens. Plant Health Instr 2:1117–1142Google Scholar
  184. Patten CL, Glick BR (2002) Role of Pseudomonas putida indole acetic acid in the development of the host plant root system. Appl Environ Microbiol 68:3795–3801PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. Paulitz TC, Loper JE (1991) Lack of a role for fluorescent siderophore production in the biological control of Pythium damping-off of cucumber by a strain of Pseudomonas putida. Phytopathology 81:930–935CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. Pieterse CMJ, Van Wees SC, Hoffland E, van Pelt JA, van Loon LC (1996) Systemic resistance in Arabidopsis induced by biocontrol bacteria is independent of salicylic acid accumulation and pathogenesis-related gene expression. Plant Cell 8:1225–1237PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  187. Pieterse CMJ, Van Wees SCM, Van Pelt JA, Knoester M, Laan R, Gerrits H, Weisbeek PJ, Van Loon LC (1998) A novel signaling pathway controlling induced systemic resistance in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 10:1571–1580PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. Pieterse CMJ, Van Pelt JA, Ton J, Bachmann S, Mueller MJ, Buchala AJ, Métraux JP, Van Loon LC (2000) Rhizobacteria-mediated induced systemic resistance (ISR) in Arabidopsis requires sensitivity to jasmonate and ethylene but is not accompanied by an increase in their production. Physiol Mol Plant Pathol 57:123–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. Piromyou P, Buranabanyat B, Tantasawat P, Tittabutr P, Boonkerd N, Teaumroong N (2011) Effect of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) inoculation on microbial community structure in the rhizosphere of forage corn cultivated in Thailand. Eur J Soil Biol 47:44–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. Pliego C, Cazorla FM, González-Sánchez MA, Pérez-Jiménez RM, de Vicente A, Ramos C (2007) Selection for biocontrol bacteria antagonistic toward Rosellinia necatrix by enrichment of competitive avocado root tip colonizers. Res Microbiol 158:463–470PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. Podile AR, Kishore GK (2006) Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. In: Gnanamanickam SS (ed) Plant-associated bacteria. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 195–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. Pozo MJ, Azcón-Aguilar C (2007) Unraveling mycorrhiza-induced resistance. Curr Opin Plant Biol 10:393–398PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. Praveen Kumar G, Mir Hassan Ahmed SK, Desai S, Leo Daniel Amalraj E, Rasul A (2014) In vitro screening for abiotic stress tolerance in potent biocontrol and plant growth promoting strains of Pseudomonas and Bacillus spp. Int J Bacteriol 2014:6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. Press CM, Loper JE, Kloepper JW (2001) Role of iron in rhizobacteria-mediated induced systemic resistance of cucumber. Phytopathology 91:593–598PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. Probanza A, Mateos JL, Lucas Garcia JA, Ramos B, de Felipe MR, Gutierrez Manero FJ (2001) Effects of inoculation with PGPR Bacillus and Pisolithus tinctorius on Pinus pinea L. growth, bacterial rhizosphere colonization, and mycorrhizal infection. Microb Ecol 41:140–148PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. Raaijmakers JM, de Bruijn I, Nybroe O, Ongena M (2010) Natural functions of lipopeptides from Bacillus and Pseudomonas: more than surfactants and antibiotics. FEMS Microbiol Rev 34:1037–1062PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. Rachmiati Y (2015) Karakterisasi molekuler dan formulasi mikroba indigen tanaman the sebagai bahan Aktif bio-imunilizer terhadap blister blight pada tanaman teh. Laporan Akhir Kerjasama Kemitraan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian Nasional (KKP3N). UnpublishedGoogle Scholar
  198. Ramamoorthy V, Viswanathan R, Raguchander T, Prakasam V, Samiyappan R (2001) Induction of systemic resistance by plant growth promoting rhizobacteria in crop plants against pests and diseases. Crop Prot 20:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. Ramyabharathi SA, Meena B, Raguchander T (2012) Induction of chitinase and β-1, 3-glucanase PR proteins in tomato through liquid formulated Bacillus subtilis EPCO 16 against Fusarium wilt. J Today’s Biol Sci Res Rev 1:50–60Google Scholar
  200. Ran LX, Li ZN, Wu GJ, van Loon LC, Bakker PAHM (2005) Induction of systemic resistance against bacterial wilt in Eucalyptus urophylla by fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. Eur J Plant Pathol 113:59–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. Raupach GS, Kloepper JW (1998) Mixtures of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria enhance biological control of multiple cucumber pathogens. Phytopathology 88:1158–1164PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. Raupach GS, Liu L, Murphy JF, Tuzun S, Kloepper JW (1996) Induced systemic resistance in cucumber and tomato against cucumber mosaic cucumovirus using plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). Plant Dis 80:891–894CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. Rezamela E, Fauziah F, Dalimonthe SL (2016) Pengaruh bulan kering terhadap intensitas serangan Empoasca sp dan blister blight di kebun teh Gambung. J Penelit Teh dan Kina 19(2):169–178Google Scholar
  204. Riley MA, Wertz JE (2002) Bacteriocins: evolution, ecology, and application. Annu Rev Microbiol 56:117–137PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  205. Rodriguez H, Fraga R (1999) Phosphate solubilizing bacteria and their role in plant growth promotion. Biotechnol Adv 17:319–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. Rudrappa T, Czymmek KJ, Pare PW, Bais HP (2008) Root-secreted malic acid recruits beneficial soil bacteria. Plant Physiol 148:1547–1556PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. Ryals JA, Neuenschwander UH, Willits MG, Molina A, Steiner HMD (1996) Systemic acquired resistance. Plant Cell 8:1808–1819CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. Ryu CM, Farag MA, Hu CH, Ready MS, Wei HX, Paré PW, Kloepper JW (2003) Bacterial volatiles promote growth in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci 100:4927–4932PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  209. Ryu CM, Farag MA, Hu CH, Reddy MS, Kloepper JW, Pare PW (2004) Bacterial volatiles induce systemic resistance in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol 134:1017–1026PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. Saharan BS, Nehra V (2011) Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria a critical review. Life Sci Med Res 21:1–30Google Scholar
  211. Saikia R, Kumar R, Arora DK, Gogoi DK, Azad P (2006) P. aeruginosa inducing rice resistance against R. solani: production of salicylic acid and peroxidase. Folia Microbiol 51:375–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. Saleem M, Arshad M, Hussain S, Bhatti AS (2007) Perspective of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) containing ACC deaminase in stress agriculture. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 34:635–648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. Sánchez C, Tortosa G, Granados A, Delgado A, Bedmar EJ, Delgado MJ (2011) Involvement of Bradyrhizobium japonicum denitrification in symbiotic nitrogen fixation by soybean plants subjected to flooding. Soil Biol Biochem 43:212–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  214. Sayyed R, Chincholkar S, Reddy M, Gangurde N, Patel P (2013) Siderophore producing PGPR for crop nutrition and phytopathogen suppression. In: Bacteria in agrobiology: disease management. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 449–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. Schnider U, Blumer C, Troxler J, Défago G, Haas D (1994) Overproduction of the antibiotics 2-4 diacetylphloroglucinol and pyoluteorin in Pseudomonas fluoresescens strain CHAO. In: Ryder MH, Stephens PM, Bowen GD (eds) Improving plant productivity with rhizosphere bacteria. CSIRO, Adelaide, pp 120–121Google Scholar
  216. Schroth MN, Hancock JG (1982) Disease-suppressive soil and root-colonizing bacteria. Science 216:1376–1381PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  217. Schuhegger R, Ihring A, Gantner S, Bahnweg G, Knappe C, Vogg G, Hutzler P, Schmid M, Van Breusegem F, Eberl L (2006) Induction of systemic resistance in tomato by N-acyl-L-homoserine lactone-producing rhizosphere bacteria. Plant Cell Environ 29:909–918PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  218. Selvakumar G, Joshi P, Nazim S, Mishra P, Bisht J, Gupta H (2009) Phosphate solubilization and growth promotion by Pseudomonas fragi CS11RH1 (MTCC 8984), a psychrotolerant bacterium isolated from a high altitude Himalayan rhizosphere. Biologia 64:239–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  219. Setiawati MR, Dedeh HA, Pujawati S, Ridha H (2009) Formulasi pupuk Hayati bakteri endofitik penambat N2 dan aplikasinya untuk meningkatkan hasil tanaman padi. Fakultas Pertanian UNPAD, BandungGoogle Scholar
  220. Setyowati M, Susilowati DN, Suryadi Y (2017) Rhizosphere microbial genetic resources as PGPR potential isolated from maize inbred populations var.Bisma. In: Widyatmoko D et al. (eds) The project for producing biomass energy and material through revegetation of alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica) fields. Proceedings the 1st SATREPS conference vol. 1, November 2017. Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)Google Scholar
  221. Shaharoona B, Arshad M, Zahir ZA (2006) Effect of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria containing ACC-deaminase on maize (Zea mays L.) growth under axenic conditions and on nodulation in mung bean (Vigna radiata L.). Lett Appl Microbiol 42:155–159PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  222. Shanmuganathan N (1971) Fungicides and the tropical environment. Tea Q 42:196–200Google Scholar
  223. Shanmuganathan N, Saravanapavan TV (1978) The effectiveness of pyracarbolid against tea leaf blister blight (Exobasidium vexans). PANS 24(1):43–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. Siddiqui I, Shaukat S (2002) Mixtures of plant disease suppressive bacteria enhance biological control of multiple tomato pathogens. Biol Fertil Soils 36:260–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. Silo-Suh LA, Lethbridge BJ, Raffel SJ, He H, Clardy J (1994) Biological activities of two fungistatic antibiotics produced by Bacillus cereus UW85. Appl Environ Microbiol 60:2023–2030PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  226. Song F, Ge X, Zheng Z, Xie Y (2001) Benzothiadiazole induces systemic acquired resistance in rice against bacterial leaf blight. Chin J Rice Sci 15(4):323–326Google Scholar
  227. Sridevi M, Mallaiah K (2009) Phosphate solubilization by Rhizobium strains. India J Microbiol 49:98–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. Stabb EV, Jacobson LM, Handelsman J (1994) Zwittermicin a-producing strains of Bacillus cereus from diverse soils. Appl Environ Microbiol 60:4404–4412PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  229. Stephens PM, Crowley JJ, O’Connell C (1993) Selection of pseudomonad strains inhibiting Pythium ultimum on sugarbeet seeds in soil. Soil Biol Biochem 25:1283–1288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. Subba-Rao N (1993) Biofertilizers in agriculture and forestry. Oxford and IBH Publishing, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  231. Sucipto I, Munif A, Suryadi Y, Tondok ET (2015) Exploration of endophytic fungi from lowland rice as a biocontrol agent of blast disease in lowland rice. J Fitopatol Indonesia 11(6):211–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. Suryadi Y, Susilowati DN, Putri KE, Mubarik NR (2011) Antagonistic activity of indigenous Indonesian bacteria as the suppressing agent of rice fungal pathogen. J Int Environ Appl Sci 6(4):558–568Google Scholar
  233. Suryadi Y, Susilowati DN, Akhdiya A, Kadir TS, Wibowo B (2013a) Efficacy of consortium bacteria for control rice diseases under system of rice intensification (SRI) in West Java-Indonesia. Albanian J Agric Sci 12(1):143–147Google Scholar
  234. Suryadi Y, Susilowati DN, Riana E, Mubarik NR (2013b) Management of rice blast disease (Pyricularia oryzae) using formulated bacterial consortium. Emir J Food Agric 25(5):349–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  235. Suryadi Y, Susilowati DN, Lestari P, Priyatno TP, Samudra IM, Hikmawati N, Mubarik NR (2014) Characterization of bacterial isolates producing chitinase and glucanase for biocontrol of plant fungal pathogens. J Agric Technol 10(4):983–999Google Scholar
  236. Suryadi Y, Samudra IM, Priyatno TP, Susilowati DN, Lestari P, Sutoro (2015) Antifungal activity of Bacillus cereus 11UJ against Rhizoctonia solani and Pyricularia oryzae. J. Fitopatol Indonesia 11(2):35–42.  https://doi.org/10.14692/jfi.11.2.35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. Szczech M, Dyśko J (2008) The possibility to use selected mixtures of PGPR bacteria in tomato cultivation. Veg Crops Res Bull 68:47–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. Tambong JT, Hofte M (2001) Phenazines are involved in biocontrol of Pythium myriotylum on cocoyam by Pseudomonas aeruginosa PNA1. Eur J Plant Pathol 107:511–521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. Thakur AK, Uphoff N, Anthony E (2010) An assessment of the physiological effects of the system of rice intensification (SRI) practices compared with recommended rice cultivation practices in India. Exp Agric 46(1):77–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. Thomashow L, Weller D (1990) Role of antibiotics and siderophores in biocontrol of take-all disease of wheat. Plant Soil 129:93–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  241. Udayashankar A, Nayaka SC, Reddy M, Srinivas C (2011) Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria mediate induced systemic resistance in rice against bacterial leaf blight caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. Biol Control 59:114–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. Ugoji EO, Laing MD, Hunter CH (2005) Colonization of Bacillus spp. on seeds and in-plant rhizoplane. J Environ Biol 26:459–466PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  243. Van der Ent S, Van Wees S, Pieterse CM (2009) Jasmonate signaling in plant interactions with resistance-inducing beneficial microbes. Phytochemistry 70:1581–1588PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  244. Van Loon LC (2000) Systemic induced resistance. In: Slusarenko AJ, Fraser RSS, Van Loon LC (eds) Mechanisms of resistance to plant diseases. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, pp 521–574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  245. Van Loon LC (2007) Plant responses to plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Eur J Plant Pathol 119:243–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  246. Van Loon LC, Bakker PAHM (2006) Root-associated bacteria inducing systemic resistance. In: Gnanamanickam SS (ed) Plant-associated bacteria. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 269–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  247. Van Loon LC, Bakker PAHM, Pieterse CMJ (1998) Systemic resistance induced by rhizosphere bacteria. Annu Rev Phytopathol 36:453–483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  248. Van Peer R, Schippers B (1992) Lipopolysaccharides of plant growth-promoting Pseudomonas sp. strain WCS417r induce resistance in carnation to fusarium wilt. Neth J Plant Pathol 98:129–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  249. Van Peer R, Niemann GJ, Schippers B (1991) Induced resistance and phytoalexin accumulation in biological control of fusarium wilt of carnation by Pseudomonas sp. strain WCS417r. Phytopathology 91:728–734CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  250. Van Rij ET, Girard G, Lugtenberg BJJ, Bloemberg GV (2005) Influence of fusaric acid on the phenazine-1-carboxamide synthesis and gene expression of Pseudomonas chlororaphis strain PCL1391. Microbiology 151:2805–2814PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  251. Van Wees SCM, Pieterse CMJ, Trijssenaar A, Van Westend YAM, Hartog F, Van Loon LC (1997) Differential induction of systemic resistance in Arabidopsis by biocontrol bacteria. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact 10:716–724CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  252. Van Wees SCM, de Swart EAM, Van Pelt JA, Van Loon LC, Pieterse CMJ (2000) Enhancement of induced disease resistance by simultaneous activation of salicylate and jasmonate-dependent defense pathways in Arabidopsis thaliana. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:8711–8716PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  253. Van Wees SCM, Van der Ent S, Pieterse CMJ (2008) Plant immune responses triggered by beneficial microbes. Curr Opin Plant Biol 11:443–448PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  254. Venkata Ram CS (1974) Integrated spray schedules with systemic fungicides against blister blight of tea, a new concept. Planter’s Chronic 69:407–409Google Scholar
  255. Verhagen BWM, Van Loon LC, Pieterse CMJ (2006) Induced disease resistance signaling in plants. In: Silva JAT (ed) Floriculture, ornamental and plant biotechnology volume III. Global Science Books, Gainesville, pp 334–343Google Scholar
  256. Verma V, Singh S, Prakash S (2011) Bio-control and plant growth promotion potential of siderophore producing endophytic Streptomyces from Azadirachta indica A. Juss. J Basic Microbiol 51:550–556PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  257. Vessey JK (2003) Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria as biofertilizers. Plant Soil 255:571–586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  258. Vivekananthan R, Ravi M, Saravanakumar D, Kumar N, Prakasam V, Samiyappan R (2004) Microbially induced defense-related proteins against postharvest anthracnose infection in mango. Crop Prot 23:1061–1067CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  259. Waard M, Georgopoulos S, Hollomon D, Ishii H, Leroux P, Ragsdale N, Schwinn F (1993) Chemical control of plant diseases: problems and prospects. Annu Rev Phytopathol 31:403–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  260. Wahyudi A, Astuti R (2011) Screening of Pseudomonas sp. isolated from the rhizosphere of soybean plant as a plant growth promoter and biocontrol agent. Am J Agric Biol Sci 6:134–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  261. Walker TS, Bais HP, Grotewold E, Vivanco JM (2003) Root exudation and rhizosphere biology. Plant Physiol 132:44–51PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  262. Wartono, Suryadi Y, Susilowati DN (2012) The effectiveness of formulation containing Burkholderia cepacia in suppressing Rhizoctonia solani and affecting plant growth. J Agrotropika 17(2):39–42Google Scholar
  263. Wartono, Giyanto G, Mutaqin KH (2014) Effectiveness of Bacillus subtilis B12 spore formulation as a biocontrol agent for bacterial leaf blight on rice. Penelit Pertan Tanam Pangan 34(1):21–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  264. Wei G, Kloepper JW, Tuzun S (1991) Induction of systemic resistance of cucumber to Colletotrichum orbiculare by select strains of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Phytopathology 81:1508–1512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  265. Weller DM, Thomashow LS (1994) Current challenges in introducing beneficial microorganisms into the rhizosphere. In: O’Gara F, Dowling DN, Boesten B (eds) Molecular ecology of rhizosphere microorganisms, biotechnology and the release of GMOs. VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim, pp 1–18Google Scholar
  266. Wetzel R, Likens G (2000) Inorganic nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus, and other nutrients. In: Limnological analyses. Springer, New York, pp 85–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  267. Whipps JM (2001) Microbial interactions and biocontrol in the rhizosphere. J Exp Bot 52:487–511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  268. Xiao L, Xie CC, Cai J, Lin ZJ, Chen YH (2009) Identification and characterization of a chitinase-produced Bacillus showing significant antifungal activity. Curr Microbiol 58:528–533PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  269. Yamanaka T, Akama A, Li CY, Okabe H (2005) Growth, nitrogen fixation and mineral acquisition of Alnus sieboldiana after inoculation of Frankia together with Gigaspora margarita and Pseudomonas putida. J For Res 10:21–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  270. Yan Z, Reddy M, Ryu CM, McInroy JA, Wilson M, Kloepper JW (2002) Induced systemic protection against tomato late blight elicited by plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Phytopathology 92:1329–1333PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  271. Yu GY, Sinclair JB, Hartman GL, Bertagnolli BL (2002) Production of iturin A by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens suppressing Rhizoctonia solani. Soil Biol Biochem 34:955–963CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  272. Yu X, Ai C, Xin L, Zhou G (2011) The siderophore-producing bacterium, Bacillus subtilis CAS15, has a biocontrol effect on Fusarium wilt and promotes the growth of pepper. Eur J of Soil Biol 47:138–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  273. Yu X, Liu X, Zhu TH, Liu GH, Mao C (2012) Co-inoculation with phosphate-solubilizing and nitrogen-fixing bacteria on solubilization of rock phosphate and their effect on growth promotion and nutrient uptake by walnut. Eur J of Soil Biol 50:112–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  274. Yuan J, Raza W, Shen QR, Huang QW (2012) Antifungal activity of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens NJN-6 volatile compounds against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp cubense. Appl Environ Microbiol 78:5942–5944PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  275. Zahir ZA, Munir A, Asghar HN, Shaharoona B, Arshad M (2008) Effectiveness of rhizobacteria containing ACC deaminase for growth promotion of peas (Pisum sativum) under drought conditions. J Microbiol Biotechnol 18:958–963PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  276. Zahran HH (2001) Rhizobia from wild legumes: diversity, taxonomy, ecology, nitrogen fixation and biotechnology. J Biotechnol 91:143–153PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  277. Zehnder G, Kloepper J, Yao C, Wei G (1997) Induction of systemic resistance in cucumber against cucumber beetles (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) by plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. J Econ Entomol 90:391–396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  278. Zhang Z, Yuen GY (2000) The role of chitinase production by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain C3 in biological control of Bipolaris sorokiniana. Phytopathology 90(4):384–389PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  279. Zhang YL, Tessaro MJ, Lassner M, Li X (2003) Knockout analysis of Arabidopsis transcription factors TGA2, TGA5, and TGA6 reveals their redundant and essential roles in systemic acquired resistance. Plant Cell 15:2647–2653PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  280. Zhang Y, Zhao L, Wang Y, Yang B, Chen S (2008) Enhancement of heavy metal accumulation by tissue-specific co-expression of iaaM and ACC deaminase genes in plants. Chemosphere 72:564–571PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  281. Zhang SA, White TL, Martinez MC, McInroy JA, Kloepper JW, Klassen W (2010) Evaluation of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria for control of Phytophthora blight on squash under greenhouse conditions. Biol Control 53:129–135. 40CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yadi Suryadi
    • 1
  • Dwi Ningsih Susilowati
    • 1
  • Fani Fauziah
    • 2
  1. 1.IcabiogradBogorIndonesia
  2. 2.Research Institute for Tea and CinchonaBandungIndonesia

Personalised recommendations