Cataract with Infective Etiology

  • Chirakshi Dhull
  • Sudarshan Kumar Khokhar


Infectious etiology may play a role in cataract formation during embryogenesis [1, 2]. Toxoplasma, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Herpes Simplex virus (HSV), and others including syphilis commonly referred to as TORCH infections have been associated with congenital cataract formation especially in developing countries [3–5]. In addition to childhood cataract, ocular manifestations of TORCH infections include chorioretinitis, microphthalmos, keratitis, iridocyclitis, iris atrophy, glaucoma, optic neuritis, and retinitis [6].


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chirakshi Dhull
    • 1
  • Sudarshan Kumar Khokhar
    • 1
  1. 1.Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic SciencesAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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