Tropospheric Ozone and Its Impact on Wheat Productivity

  • Richa Rai


Tropospheric O3 is considered as the most widespread secondary pollutant and one of the components of global climate change. Agriculture plays a very important role in human welfare. O3 has been recognized as a prime threat to agricultural production. The projected levels to which O3 will increase are critically alarming and have become a major cause of concern for global food production. Impact of tropospheric O3 on wheat production has been widely studied. Wheat is identified as sensitive to O3. It enters into the plant through the stomata, affecting directly cell membranes, generating O3-induced ROS, and up- or downregulating ROS signaling molecule-associated genes, genes, proteins, and metabolites which ultimately affects growth and yield of wheat. The objectives of the chapter are to present an overview picture on the effect of O3 on wheat productivity and to summarize the vast number of available reports on the impact of O3 on wheat physiology and morphology, its defense and variation in allocation pattern of photosynthates, and its yield and quality.


Tropospheric O3 Abiotic stress Wheat ROS Physiology Growth and yield 



The author is thankful to the Principal Rev. Dr. Fr. Roger Augustine of St. Joseph’s College for Women, Gorakhpur, Prof. Madhoolika Agrawal and Prof. S.B Agrawal, Department of Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi for lab and research facility and SERB, New Delhi, for providing the research grant.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richa Rai
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanySt. Joseph’s College for WomenGorakhpurIndia

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