Advertisement

Tropospheric Ozone and Its Impact on Wheat Productivity

  • Richa Rai
Chapter

Abstract

Tropospheric O3 is considered as the most widespread secondary pollutant and one of the components of global climate change. Agriculture plays a very important role in human welfare. O3 has been recognized as a prime threat to agricultural production. The projected levels to which O3 will increase are critically alarming and have become a major cause of concern for global food production. Impact of tropospheric O3 on wheat production has been widely studied. Wheat is identified as sensitive to O3. It enters into the plant through the stomata, affecting directly cell membranes, generating O3-induced ROS, and up- or downregulating ROS signaling molecule-associated genes, genes, proteins, and metabolites which ultimately affects growth and yield of wheat. The objectives of the chapter are to present an overview picture on the effect of O3 on wheat productivity and to summarize the vast number of available reports on the impact of O3 on wheat physiology and morphology, its defense and variation in allocation pattern of photosynthates, and its yield and quality.

Keywords

Tropospheric O3 Abiotic stress Wheat ROS Physiology Growth and yield 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The author is thankful to the Principal Rev. Dr. Fr. Roger Augustine of St. Joseph’s College for Women, Gorakhpur, Prof. Madhoolika Agrawal and Prof. S.B Agrawal, Department of Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi for lab and research facility and SERB, New Delhi, for providing the research grant.

References

  1. Adir N, Zer H, Shochat I (2003) Photoinhibition – a historic perspective. Photosynth Res 76:343–370PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adrees M, Saleem F, Jabeen F, Rizwan M, Ali S, Khalid S, Ibrahim M, Iqbal N, Abbas F (2016) Effects of ambient gaseous pollutants on photosynthesis, growth, yield and grain quality of selected crops grown at different sites varying in pollution levels. Arch Agron Sci 62(9):34–47Google Scholar
  3. Agrawal M (1982) A study of phytotoxicity of ozone and sulphur dioxide pollutants. Ph.D. thesis, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India, pp 93–106Google Scholar
  4. Agrawal M (2005) Effects of air pollution on agriculture: an issue of national concern. Natl Acad Sci Lett 28:93–106Google Scholar
  5. Agrawal M, Singh B, Rajput M, Marshall F, Bell JNB (2003) Effect of air pollution on periurban agriculture: a case study. Environ Pollut 126:323–329PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Agrawal M, Singh B, Agrawal SB, Bell JNB, Marshall F (2006) The effect of air pollution on yield and quality of mung bean grown in peri-urban areas of Varanasi. Water Air Soil Pollut 169:239–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ainsworth EA, Yendrek CR, Sitch S, Collins WJ, Emberson LD (2012) The effects of tropospheric ozone on net primary productivity and implications forclimate change. Annu Rev Plant Biol 63:637–661PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Akhtar N, Yamaguchi M, Inada H, Hoshino D, Kondo T, Izuta T (2010) Effects of ozone on growth, yield and leaf gas exchange rates of two Bangladeshi cultivars of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Environ Pollut 158:1763–1767PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Altimir N, Kolari P, Tuovinen J-P, Vesala T, Back J, Suni T, Kulmala M, Hari P (2006) Foliage surface ozone deposition: a role for surface moisture? Biogeosciences 3:209–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ashmore MR (2005) Assessing the future global impacts of ozone on vegetation. Plant Cell Environ 28:949–964CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ashmore M, Toet S, Emberson L (2006) Ozone–a significant threat to future world food production? New Phytol 170:201–204PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Avnery S, Mauzerall DL, Liu J, Horowitz LW (2011a) Global crop yield reductions due to surface ozone exposure: 1. Year 2000 crop production losses and economic damage. Atmos Environ 45:2284–2296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Avnery S, Mauzerall DL, Liu J, Horowitz LW (2011b) Global crop yield reductions due to surface ozone exposure: 2 year 2030 potential crop production losses and economic damage under two scenarios of O3 pollution. Atmos Environ 45:2297–2309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Barnes JD, Velissariou D, Davison AW, Holevas CD (1990) Comparative ozone sensitivity of old and modern Greek cultivars of spring wheat. New Phytol 116:707–719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Baker NR, Rosenqvist E (2004) Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence can improve crop production strategies: an examination of future possibilities. J Exp Bot 55:1607–1621PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bhattacharjee S (2015) Membrane lipid peroxidation and its conflict of interest: the two faces of oxidative stress. Curr Sci 107(11):1811–1823Google Scholar
  17. Biswas DK, Xu H, Li YG, Sun JZ, Wang XZ, Han XG, Jiang GM (2008a) Genotypic differences in leaf biochemical, physiological and growth responses to ozone in 20 winter wheat cultivars released over the past 60 years. Glob Chang Biol 14:46–59Google Scholar
  18. Biswas DK, Xu H, Li YG, Liu MZ, Chen YH, Sun JZ, Jiang GM (2008b) Assessing the genetic relatedness of higher ozone sensitivity of modern wheat to its wild and cultivated progenitors/relatives. J Exp Bot 59:951–963PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Blokhina O, Virolainen E, Fagerstedt KV et al (2003) Antioxidants, oxidative damage and oxygen deprivation stress: a review. Ann Bot 91:179–1943PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Bolhar-Nordenkampf HR, Long SP, Baker NR, Oquist G, Schreiber U, Lechner EG (1989) Chlorophyll fluorescence as a probe of the photosynthetic competence of leaves in the field: a review of current instrumentation. Funct Ecol 3(4):497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Calatayud A, Barreno E (2004) Response to ozone in two lettuce varieties on chlorophyll a fluorescence, photosynthetic pigments and lipid peroxidation. Plant Physiol Biochem 42:549–555PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Calatayud A, Iglesias D, Talon M, Barreno E (2003) Effects of 2 months ozone exposure in spinach leaves on photosynthesis, antioxidant systems and lipid peroxidation. Plant Physiol Biochem 41:839–845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Caregnato FF, Bortolin RF, Divan Junior AM, Moreira JCF (2013) Exposure to elevated ozone levels differentially affects the antioxidant capacity and the redox homeostasis of two subtropical Phaseolus vulgaris L. varieties. Chemosphere 93(2):320–330PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Castagna A, Ranieri A (2009) Detoxification and repair process of ozone injury: from O uptake to gene expression adjustment. Environ Pollut 157:1461–1469PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Chevalier A, Gheusi F, Delmas R, Ordonez C, Sarrat C, Zbinden R, Thouret V, Athie G, Cousin JM (2007) Influence of altitude on ozone levels and variability in the lower troposphere: a ground based study for western Europe over the period 2001–2004. Atmos Chem Phys 7:4311–4326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Cooley DR, Manning WJ (1987) The impact of ozone on assimilate partitioning in plants: a review. Environ Pollut 47:95–113PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Cooper OR, Parrish DD, Stohl A, Trainer M, Nédélec P, Thouret V, Cammas JP, Oltmans SJ, Johnson BJ, Tarasick D, Leblanc T (2010) Increasing springtime ozone mixing ratios in the free troposphere over western North America. Nature 463:344–348PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Debaje SB, Kakade AD (2008) Surface ozone variability over western Maharashtra, India. J Hazard Mater 161:686–700PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Dentener F, Kinne S, Bond T, Boucher O, Cofala J, Generoso S, Ginoux P, Gong S, Hoelzemann JJ, Ito A, Marelli L (2006) Emissions of primary aerosol and precursor gases in the years 2000 and 1750 prescribed data-sets for AeroCom. Atmos Chem Phys 6(4):321–4344Google Scholar
  30. Derwent RG, Simmonds PG, Manning AJ, Spain TG (2007) Trends over a 20-year period from 1987 to 2007 in surface ozone at the atmospheric research station, Mace head, Ireland. Atmos Environ 41(39):9091–9098CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Dey S, Pati C, Gupta S (2014) Measurement and analysis of surface ozone and its precursors at three different sites in an urban region in eastern India. Environ Forensic 2014:112–120Google Scholar
  32. Diara C, Castagna A, Baldan B, Mensuali Sodi A, Sahr T, Langebartels C, Sebastiani L, Ranieri A (2005) Differences in the kinetics and scale of signaling molecule production modulate the ozone sensitivity of hybrid poplar clones: the roles of H2O2, ethylene and salicylic acid. New Phytol 168:351–364PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  33. EANET (2006) Data report on the acid deposition in the East Asian region 2005. http://www.eanet.cc
  34. Emberson LD, Buker P, Ashmore MR, Mills G, Jackson LS, Agrawal M, Atikuzzaman MD, Cinderby S, Engardt M, Jamir C, Kobayashi K, Oanh NTK, Quadir QF, Wahid A (2009) A comparison of North American and Asian exposure–response data for ozone effects on crop yields. Atmos Environ 43:1945–1953CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Eurostat (2017) Eurostat database. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/data/database. Accessed 11 May 2017
  36. FAO (2015) The state of food insecurity in the world. Meeting of the 2015 international hunger targets: taking stock of uneven progress. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  37. Fatima A, Singh AA, Mukherjee A, Agrawal M, Agrawal SB (2018) Variability in defence mechanism operating in three wheat cultivars having different levels of sensitivity against elevated ozone. Environ Exp Bot 155:66–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Feng Z-Z, Yao F-F, Chen Z, Wang X-K, Zheng Q-W, Feng Z-W (2007) Response of gas exchange and yield components of field-grown Triticum aestivum L. to elevated ozone in China. Photosynthetica 45(3):441–446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Feng Z, Kobayashi K, Ainsworth EA (2008) Impact of elevated ozone concentration on growth, physiology, and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.): a meta-analysis. Glob Chang Biol 14:2696–2708Google Scholar
  40. Feng Z, Wang S, Szantoi Z, Chen S, Wang X (2010) Protection of plants from ambient ozone by applications of ethylenediurea (EDU): a meta-analytic review. Environ Pollut 158:3236–3242PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  41. Feng Z, Hu E, Wang X, Jiang L, Liu X (2015) Ground-level O3 pollution and its impacts on food crops in China: a review. Environ Pollut 199:42–48PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Feng Z, Wang L, Pleijel H, Zhu J, Kobaysahi K (2016) Differential effects of ozone on photosynthesis of winter wheat among cultivars depend on antioxidative enzymes rather than stomatal conductance. Sci Total Environ 572:404–411PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  43. Finlayson-Pitts BJ, Pitts JN (2000) Chemistry of the upper and lower atmosphere. Academic, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  44. Foyer CH, Noctor G (2005) Redox homeostasis and antioxidant signaling: a metabolic interface between stress perception and physiological responses. Plant Cell 17:1866–1875PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Foyer CH, Noctor G (2011) Ascorbate and glutathione: the heart of the redox hub. Plant Physiol 155:2–18PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Francini A, Nali C, Picchi V, Lorenzini G (2007) Metabolic changes in white clover clones exposed to ozone. Environ Exp Bot 60:11–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Fuhrer J, Booker F (2003) Ecological issues related to ozone: agricultural issues. Environ Int 29:141–154PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Fusco AC, Logan JA (2003) Analysis of 1970-1995 trends in tropospheric ozone at northern hemisphere midlatitudes with the GEOS-CHEM model. J Geophys Res 108:ACH-4-1–ACH-4-25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Ganguly ND (2012) Influence of stratospheric intrusion on the surface ozone levels in India. ISRN Meteorol 1:625318.  https://doi.org/10.5402/2012/625318 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Garg N, Manchanda G (2009) ROS generation in plants: boon or bane? Plant Biosyst 143:8–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Gaur A, Tripathi SN, Kanawade VP, Tare V, Shukla SP (2014) Four-year measurements of trace gases (SO2, NOx, CO, and O3) at an urban location, Kanpur, in northern India. J Atmos Chem 71:283–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Gerosa G, Fusaro L, Monga R, Finco A, Fares S, Manes F, Marzuoli R (2015) A flux-based assessment of above and below ground biomass of holm oak (Quercus ilex L.) seedlings after one season of exposure to high ozone concentrations. Atmos Environ 113:41–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Ghude SD, Jena C, Chate DM, Beig G, Pfister GG, Kumar R, Ramanathan V (2014) Reductions in India’s crop yield due to ozone. Geophys Res Lett 41(15):5685–5691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Glick RE, Schlagnhaufer CD, Arteca RN, Pell EJ (1995) Ozone-induced ethylene emission accelerates the loss of Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase and nuclear-encoded mRNAs in senescing potato leaves. Plant Physiol 109(3):891–898PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Godde D, Buchhold J (1992) Effect of long term fumigation with ozone on the turnover of the D-1 reaction center polypetide of photosystem II in spruce (Picea abies). Physiol Plant 86(4):568–574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Grantz DA, Yang S (2000) Ozone impacts on allometry and root hydraulic conductance are not mediated by source limitation nor developmental age. J Exp Bot 51(346):919–927PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Guderian R, Tingey DT, Rabe R (1985) Effects of photochemical oxidants on plants. In: Guderian R (ed) Air pollution by photochemical oxidants:formation, transport, control and effects on plants. Springer, Berlin, pp 129–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Guidi L, Degl’Innocenti E (2008) Ozone effects on high light-induced photoinhibition in Phaseolus vulgaris. Plant Sci 174(6):590–596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Hayes F, Mills G, Harmens H, Norris D (2007) Evidence of widespread ozone damage to vegetation in Europe (1990–2006). ICP Vegetation Programme Coordination Centre, CEH, BangorGoogle Scholar
  60. Heath RL (2008) Modification of the biochemical pathways of plants induced by ozone: what are the varied route to changes? Environ Pollut 155:453–463PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2013) Working Group I contribution to the IPCC fifth assessment report “Climate change 2013: the physical science basis”, Final Draft Underlying Scientific-Technical Assessment. Available at http://www.ipcc.ch
  62. IPCC, Pachauri RK, Allen MR, Barros VR, Broome J, Cramer W, Christ R, Vuuren D (2014) Climate change 2014: synthesis report. Contribution of working groups I, II and III to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  63. Huixiang W, Kiang CS, Xiaoyan T, Xiuji Z, Chameides WL (2005) Surface ozone: a likely threat to crops in Yangtze delta of China. Atmos Environ 39(21):3843–3850CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Jaffe D, Ray J (2007) Increase in surface ozone at rural sites in the western US. Atmos Environ 41:5452–5463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Jenkin ME (2008) Trends in ozone concentration distributions in the UK since 1990: local, regional and global influences. Atmos Environ 42:5434–5445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Kitajima M, Butler WL (1975) Quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence and primary photochemistry in chloroplasts by dibromothymoquinone. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics 376(1):105–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Koch JR, Scherzer AJ, Eshita SM, Davis KR (1998) Ozone sensitivity in hybrid poplar is correlated with a lack of defense-gene activation. Plant Physiol 118(4):1243–1252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Krause GH, Weis E (1991) Chlorophyll fluorescence and photosynthesis: the basics. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 42:313–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Krupa SV, Manning WJ (1988) Atmospheric ozone: formation and effects on vegetation. Environ Pollut 50:101–137PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Lambers H, Chapin FS III, Pons TL (2008) Plant physiological ecology, 2nd edn. Springer-Verlag, New York, p 640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Li C, Meng J, Guo L, Jiang G (2016) Effects of ozone pollution on yield and quality of winter wheat under flixweed competition. Environ Exp Bot 129:77–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Liu X, Sui L, Huang Y, Geng C, Yin B (2015) Physiological and visible injury responses in different growth stages of winter wheat to ozone stress and the protection of spermidine. Atmos Pollut Res 6:596–604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Mauzerall DL, Wang X (2001) Protecting agricultural crops from the effects of tropospheric ozone exposure: reconciling science and standard setting in the United States, Europe and Asia. Annu Rev Energy Environ 26:237–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Matyssek R, Sandermann H, Wieser G, Booker F, Cieslik S, Musselman R, Ernst D (2008) The challenge of making ozone risk assessment for forest trees more mechanistic. Environ Pollut 156(3):567–582PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. McAinsh MR, Evans NH, Montgomery LT, North KA (2002) Calcium signalling in stomatal responses to pollutants. New Phytol 153(3):441–447CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. McGrath JM, Betzelberger AM, Wang S, Shook E, Zhu X-G, Long SP, Ainsworth EA (2015) An analysis of ozone damage to historical maize and soybean yields in the United States. Proc Natl Acad Sci 112(46):14390–14395PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Meehl GA, Stocker TF, Collins WD, Friedlingstein P, Gaye AT, Gregory JM, Kitoh A, Knutti R, Murphy JM, Noda A, Raper SCB, Watterson IG, Weaver AJ, Zhao ZC (2007) Global climate projections. In: Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt KB, Miller HL, Tignor M (eds) Climate change 2007: the physical basis contribution of working group I to fourth assessment report of IPCC on climate change. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  78. Middleton JT (1956) Response of plants to air pollution. J Air Pollut Control Assoc 6(1):7–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Mills G, Pleijel H, Braun S, Büker P, Bermejo V, Calvo E, Danielsson H, Emberson L, Fernandez IG, Grünhage L, Harmens H, Hayes F, Karlsson PE, Simpson D (2011) New stomatal flux-based critical levels for ozone effects on vegetation. Atmos Environ 45(28):5064–5068CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Mills G, Sharps K, Simpson D, Pleijel H, Broberg M, Uddling J, Jaramillo F, Davies WJ, Dentener F, Berg VM, Agrawal M, Agrawal SB, Ainsworth EA, Buker P, Emberson L, Feng Z, Harmens H, Hayes F, Kobayashi K, Paoletti E, van Dingenen R (2018) Ozone pollution will comprise efforts to increase global wheat production. Glob Chang Biol 24:3560–3574PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Mishra AK, Agrawal SB (2015) Biochemical and physiological characteristics of tropical mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) cultivars against chronic ozone stress: an insight to cultivar specific response. Protoplasma 252:797–811PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Mishra AK, Rai R, Agrawal SB (2013) Individual and interactive effects of elevated carbon dioxide and ozone on tropical wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars with special emphasis on ROS generation and activation of antioxidant defense system. Indian J Biochem Biophys 50:139–149PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Mittal ML, Hess PG, Jain SL, Arya BC, Sharma C (2007) Surface ozone in the Indian region. Atmos Environ 41:6572–6584CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Monks PS (2005) Gas phase chemistry in the troposphere. Chem Soc Rev 34:376–395PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Morgan PB, Ainsworth EA, Long SP (2003) How does elevated ozone impact soybean? A meta analysis of photosynthesis, growth and yield. Plant Cell Environ 26:1317–1328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Murchie EH, Lawson T (2013) Chlorophyll fluorescence analysis: a guide to good practice and understanding some new applications. J Exp Bot 64(13):3983–3998PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Noctor G, Foyer CH (1998) Ascorbate and glutathione: keeping active oxygen under control. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 49(1):249–279PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Pandey AK, Ghosh A, Madhoolika A, Agrawal SB (2018) Effect of elevated ozone and varying levels of soil nitrogen in two wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars: growth, gas-exchange, antioxidant status, grain yield and quality. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 158:59–68PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Pang J, Kobayashi K, Zhu J (2009) Yield and photosynthetic characteristics of flag leaves in Chinese rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties subjected to free air release of ozone. Agric Ecosyst Environ 132:203–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Pellegrini E, Francini A, Lorenzini G, Nali C (2011) PSII photochemistry and carboxylation efficiency in Liriodendron tulipifera under ozone exposure. Environ Exp Bot 70:217–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Picchi V, Monga R, Marzuoli R, Gerosa G, Faoro F (2017) The ozone-like syndrome in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.): mechanisms underlying the different symptomatic responses of two sensitive cultivars. Plant Physiol Biochem 112:261–269PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Pleijel H, Mortensen L, Fuhrer J, Ojanperä K, Danielsson H (1998) Grain protein accumulation in relation to grain yield of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown in open-top chambers with different concentrations of ozone, carbon dioxide and water availability. Agric Ecosyst Environ 72:265–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Pleijel H, Eriksen AB, Danielsson H, Bondesson N, Sellden G (2006) Differential ozone sensitivity in an old and a modern Swedish wheat cultivar grain yield and quality, leaf chlorophyll and stomatal conductance. Environ Exp Bot 56:63–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Pudasainee D, Sapkota B, Shrestha ML, Kaga A, Kondo A, Inoue Y (2006) Ground level ozone concentrations and its association with NOx and meteorological parameters in Kathmandu valley, Nepal. Atmos Environ 40(40):8081–8087CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Rai R, Agrawal M (2008) Evaluation of physiological and biochemical responses of two rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars to ambient air pollution using open top chambers at rural site in India. Sci Total Environ 407:679–691PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Rai R, Agrawal M (2012) Impacts of tropospheric ozone on crop plants. Proc Natl Acad Sci India Sec B Biol Sci 82:241–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Rai R, Agrawal M (2014) Assessment of competitive ability of two Indian wheat cultivars under ambient O3 at different developmental stages. Environ Sci Pollut Res 21:1039–1053CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Rai R, Agrawal M, Agrawal SB (2007) Assessment of yield losses in tropical wheat using open top chambers. Atmos Environ 41:9543–9554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Rai R, Agrawal M, Agrawal SB (2011) Effects of ambient O on wheat during reproductive development: gas exchange, photosynthetic pigments, chlorophyll fluorescence and carbohydrates. Photosynthetica 49:285–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Rai R, Singh AA, Agrawal M, Agrawal SB (2016) Tropospheric O3: a cause of concern for terrestrial plants. In: Kulshrestha U, Saxena P (eds) Plant responses to air pollution. Springer-Verlag, Germany, pp 165–195. isbn:978-981-10-1199-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Rainieri A, Giuntini D, Ferraro F, Nali B, Baldan G, Lorenzini G, Soldatini GF (2001) Chronic ozone fumigation induces alterations in thylakoid functionality and composition in two poplar clones. Plant Physiol Biochem 39:999–1008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Ranieri A, D’llrso G, Nali C, Lorenzini G, Soldatini GF (1996) Ozone stimulates apoplastic antioxidant systems in pumpkin leaves. Physiol Plant 97:381–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Rouhier N, Gelhaye E, Jacquot J-P (2004) Plant glutaredoxins: still mysterious reducing systems. Cell Mol Life Sci 61(11):1266–1277PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Roy SD, Beig G, Ghude SD (2009) Exposure-plant response of ambient ozone over the tropical Indian region. Atmos Chem Phys 9:5253–5260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Saitanis CJ, Panagopoulous G, Dasopoulou V, Agathokleous E, Papatheohari Y (2015) Integrated assessment of ambient ozone phytotoxicity in Greece’s Tripolis Plateau. J Agric Meteorol 71:55–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Sarkar A, Agrawal SB (2010) Elevated ozone and two modern wheat cultivars: an assessment of dose dependent sensitivity with respect to growth, reproductive and yield parameter. Environ Exp Bot 69:328–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Sarkar A, Rakwal R, Agrawal SB, Shibato J, Ogawa Y, Yoshida Y, Agrawal GK, Agrawal M (2010) Investigating the impact of elevated levels of ozone on tropical wheat using integrated phenotypical, physiological, biochemical, and proteomics approaches. J Proteome Res 9(9):4565–4584PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Sarkar A, Singh AA, Agrawal SB, Ahmed A, Rai SP (2015) Cultivar specific variations in antioxidative defense system, genome and proteome of two tropical rice cultivars against ambient and elevated ozone. Ecotoxiocol Environ Saf 115:101–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Sicard P, De Marco A, Troussier F, Renou C, Vas N, Paoletti E (2013) Decrease in surface ozone concentrations at Mediterranean remote sites and increase in the cities. Atmos Environ 79:705–715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Simmonds PG, Derwent RG, Manning AL, Spain G (2004) Significant growth in surface ozone at Mace head, Ireland, 1987–2003. Atmos Environ 38:4769–4778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Singh S, Agrawal SB (2009) Use of ethylenediurea (EDU) in assessing the impact of ozone on growth and productivity of five cultivars of Indian wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Environ Monit Assess 159:125–141PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Singh E, Tiwari S, Agrawal M (2010) Variability in antioxidant and metabolite levels, growth and yield of two soybean varieties: an assessment of anticipated yield losses under projected elevation of ozone. Agric Ecosyst Environ 135:168–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Singh AA, Agrawal SB, Shahi JP, Agrawal M (2014) Assessment of growth and yield losses in two Zea mays L. cultivars (quality protein maize and nonquality protein maize) under projected levels of ozone. Environ Sci Pollut Res 21:2628–2641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Singh P, Agrawal M, Agrawal SB, Singh S, Singh A (2015) Genotypic differences in utilization of nutrients in wheat under ambient ozone concentrations: growth, biomass and yield. Agric Ecosyst Environ 199:26–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Stevenson D (2001). Global influences on future European tropospheric ozone. In: Proceeding from the eighth European symposium on the physico-chemical behavior of atmospheric pollutants, 17–20 September 2001, Torino, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  116. Tang Q, Hess PG, Brown-Steiner B, Kinnison DE (2013) Tropospheric ozone decrease due to the mount Pinatubo eruption: reduced stratospheric influx. Geophys Res Lett 40(20):5553–5558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. The Royal Society (2008) Ground-level Ozone in the 21st century: future trends, impacts and policy implications. Royal Society policy document 15/08, RS1276Google Scholar
  118. Tienhoven AM, Zunckel M, Emberson L, Koosailee A, Otter L (2006) Preliminary assessment of risk of ozone impacts to maize (Zea mays) in southern Africa. Environ Pollut 140:220–230PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Tiwari S, Rai R, Agrawal M (2008) Annual and seasonal variations in tropospheric ozone concentrations around Varanasi. Int J Remote Sens 9(15):4499–4514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Tottman DR, Broad H (1987) The decimal code for the growth stages of cereals, with illustrations. Ann Appl Bot 110:441–454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Tripathi R, Agrawal SB (2012) Effects of ambient and elevated level of ozone on Brassica campestrisL. With special reference to yield and oil quality parameters. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 85:1–12PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. UNECE (2004) Revised manual on methodologies and criteria for mapping critical levels/loads and geographical areas where they are exceeded. www.icpmapping.org (February 12, 2006)
  123. Vainonen JP, Kangasjarvi J (2014) Plant signalling in acute ozone exposure. Plant Cell Environ 38:240–252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Wahid A (2006) Influence of atmospheric pollutants on agriculture in developing countries: a case study with three new wheat varieties in Pakistan. Sci Total Environ 371:304–313PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Wan H, Zhang X, Zwiers F, Emori S, Shiogama H (2013) Effect of data coverage on the estimation of mean and variability of precipitation at global and regional scales. J Geophys Res 118:534–546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Wang T, Wei XL, Ding AJ, Poon CN, Lam KS et al (2009) Increasing surface ozone concentrations in the background atmosphere of southern China, 1994–2007. Atmos Chem Phys 9:6217–6227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Wilkinson S, Mills G, Illidge R, Davies WJ (2012) How is ozone pollution reducing our food supply? J Exp Bot 63(2):527–536PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. WHO (2006) WHO air quality guidelines for particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide: summary of risk assessment. World Health Organization, Geneva, pp 5–18Google Scholar
  129. Xu X, Lin W, Wang T, Yan P, Tang J, Meng Z, Wang Y (2008) Long term trend of surface ozone at a regional background station in eastern China 1991–2006: enhanced variability. Atmos Chem Phys 8:215–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Yadav DS, Rai R, Mishra AK, Chaudhary N, Arideep M, Agrawal SB, Agrawal M (2019) ROS production and its detoxification in early and late sown cultivars of wheat under future O3 concentration. Sci Total Environ 659:200–210PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Yamamoto HY, Akasada T (1995) Degradation of antenna chlorophyll binding protein CP43 during photoinhibition of PS II. Biochemistry 28:9038–9045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Yan K, Chen W, He X, Zhang G, Xu S, Wang L (2010) Responses of photosynthesis, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant system in leaves of Quercus mongolica to elevated O. Environ Exp Bot 69:198–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Zeng G, Pyle JA, Young PJ (2008) Impact of climate change on tropospheric ozone and its global budgets. Atmos Chem Phys 8(2):369–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Zhao Y, Zhang J, Nielsen CP (2009) The effects of recent control policies on trends in emissions of anthropogenic atmospheric pollutants and CO2 in China. Atmos Chem Phys 13:487–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richa Rai
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanySt. Joseph’s College for WomenGorakhpurIndia

Personalised recommendations