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Wheat Responses and Tolerance to Terminal Heat Stress: A Review

  • Davinder Sharma
  • Rajender Singh
  • Ratan Tiwari
  • Rakesh Kumar
  • Vijay Kumar Gupta
Chapter

Abstract

Supraoptimal temperatures and unpredictable fluctuations in global climate adversely affect plant growth and development resulting in a severe threat to wheat production. Although all the growth stages of wheat are sensitive to supraoptimal temperatures, the reproductive phase is the most sensitive one as it affects both grain setting and grain filling (GF). High temperature can alter biochemical, physiological, and morpho-anatomical behavior in wheat, which in turn affects its growth and development causing a reduction in pollen viability, duration of GF, and starch synthesis in the endosperm. At flowering, temperature above optimum results in seed sterility, while post-anthesis heat stress (HS) causes a reduction in starch biosynthesis and alters its composition. Wheat crop has evolved appropriate mechanisms such as escape, avoidance, and/or stay green to cope with HS. In addition, plants hasten the production of HS-related proteins such as heat shock proteins (HSPs) as their defense approach. An overview of wheat responses and tolerance to HS at biochemical, physiological, and morpho-anatomical behavior may help in formulating appropriate breeding strategies for wheat crop improvement.

Keywords

Heat stress Heat shock proteins Starch composition Quantitative trait loci Wheat 

Abbreviations

AGPase

Glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase

CT

Canopy temperature

EC

Electrical conductivity

GBSS

Granule-bound starch synthase

GF

Grain filling

GFD

Grain filling duration

GN

Grain number

GW

Grain weight

GY

Grain yield

HMW

High molecular weight

HS

Heat stress

HSF

Heat shock factor

HSP

Heat shock protein

LMW

Low molecular weight

PT

Productive tillers

QTLs

Quantitative trait loci

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

RWC

Relative water content

SBE

Starch branching enzyme

SS

Starch synthase

SSS

Soluble starch synthase

TGW

Thousand grain weight

THS

Terminal heat stress

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Davinder Sharma
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rajender Singh
    • 1
  • Ratan Tiwari
    • 1
  • Rakesh Kumar
    • 1
  • Vijay Kumar Gupta
    • 2
  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat & Barley ResearchKarnalIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiochemistryKurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia

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