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Abiotic Stress and Wheat Grain Quality: A Comprehensive Review

  • Rakesh Kumar
  • Virender Singh
  • Sushma Kumari Pawar
  • Pankaj Kumar Singh
  • Amandeep Kaur
  • Davinder Sharma
Chapter

Abstract

Wheat is a major cereal crop and is grown in a wide range of agroecologies across the world. Abiotic stresses such as heat stress (HS), drought, waterlogging (WL), salinity, ultraviolet radiation B (UVR-B), ozone (O3), mineral deficiency (MD), and heavy metal toxicity (HMT) are the major constraints to wheat cultivation in its present form or in the future amplified version under changing global climate. These stresses alone or in combined form can pose a serious intimidation on the grain quality and crop production. Maintaining wheat grain quality (WGQ) under stressful conditions is decisive for end-use functional properties. This review is presented with investigations and the existing understanding of the impact of these stresses on WGQ parameters such as starch granule (SG) size and composition, protein content (PC), glutenin (Gt)/gliadin (Gl) ratio, insoluble protein polymers, and free amino acid (AA) content. In the end, the efficacy of crop models (CM) for prediction of adverse impact of these stresses on WGQ is discussed in brief. Altogether, this review could facilitate in escalating our predictive capability to design better adaptation strategies according to climate changes.

Keywords

Abiotic stress Drought stress Heat stress Ozone stress Protein Salinity Starch Waterlogging Wheat grain quality 

Abbreviations

A

albumins

AA

amino acid

AGPase

glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase

AL

amylose

AP

amylopectin

AX

arabinoxylans

Ca

calcium

CM

crop model

DF

dietary fiber

Fe

iron

G

globulins

GBSS

granule-bound starch synthase

GC

glucan chain

GF

grain filling

Gl

gliadins

GPC

grain protein content

Gt

glutelins

HMT

heavy metal toxicity

GS

glutenin subunit

HMW

high molecular weight

HS

heat stress

K

potassium

LC

lipid content

LMW

low molecular weight

MD

mineral deficiency

Mg

magnesium

Mn

manganese

MW

molecular weight

Na

sodium

O3

ozone

P

prolamins

PA

phosphoric acid

PC

protein content

RER

rough endoplasmic reticulum

ROS

reactive oxygen species

SBE

starch-branching enzyme

SC

starch content

Se

selenium

SG

starch granule

SS

starch synthase

β-G

β-glucans

SSS

soluble starch synthase

TG

triglyceride

TSS

total soluble sugar

UVR-B

ultraviolet radiation B

WGC

wheat grain composition

WL

waterlogging

Zn

zinc

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rakesh Kumar
    • 1
  • Virender Singh
    • 1
  • Sushma Kumari Pawar
    • 1
  • Pankaj Kumar Singh
    • 2
  • Amandeep Kaur
    • 1
  • Davinder Sharma
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat & Barley ResearchKarnalIndia
  2. 2.Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and SciencesAllahabadIndia
  3. 3.Department of BiochemistryKurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia

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