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Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria: Biotic Strategy to Cope with Abiotic Stresses in Wheat

  • O. Lastochkina
  • S. Aliniaeifard
  • M. Seifikalhor
  • R. Yuldashev
  • L. Pusenkova
  • S. Garipova
Chapter

Abstract

Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) are beneficial free-living soil, rhizospheric, epiphytic, and endophytic microorganisms capable to stimulate plant growth and increase host plant resistance and tolerance to a wide range of biotic and abiotic stresses. A number of PGPB associated with wheat and different cereals have been identified comprising bacterial strains belonging to such genera as Bacillus, Azospirillum, Arthrobacter, Acinetobacter, Azotobacter, Citricoccus, Lysinibacillus, Burkholderia, Paenibacillus, Serratia, Pseudomonas, etc. Several studies have confirmed that some species of bacteria associated with the rhizosphere of plants are useful for growth, development, and formation of yield and quality of agricultural crops. Furthermore, those bacteria which are capable to colonize internal plant tissues, namely, endophytes, may be more successful (compared to rhizospheric bacteria) in the promotion of plant growth and development under both normal and long-term stress conditions. PGPB-induced development of defense responses and the formation of tolerance under the exposure to various abiotic stresses have been demonstrated in numerous plants, including wheat. The mechanisms of such physiological effect of PGPB on host plants are believed to be varied, intertwined, and specific; PGPB positively affects on plants through biosynthesis of numerous biologically active compounds, for instance, substances with antibiotic and insecticidal activities, biosurfactants, siderophores, chelators, phytohormones, enzymes, and nitrogen fixation, regulating the level of ethylene in plants, and improving macro−/micronutrient bioavailability, development of systemic resistance to diseases, and tolerance to abiotic stresses with involving salicylate-dependent or jasmonate-dependent signaling pathways. In this review, the role of beneficial PGPB in ameliorating the many deleterious consequences during abiotic stresses has been considered. Besides, B. subtilis’ efficiency on abiotic stress tolerance induction in wheat according to their ecological groups (ecotypes) is discussed as well.

Keywords

PGPB B. subtilis Wheat Abiotic stress tolerance Systemic resistance 

Abbreviations

ABA

abscisic acid

ACC

1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate

APX

ascorbate peroxidase

ATP

energy supply

CAT

catalase

CKs

cytokinins

EC

electrical conductivity

EPS

exopolysaccharides

FDPs

flavodiiron proteins

GB

glycine betaine

GR

glutathione reductase

HL

high light

HM

heavy metal

HSFs

heat stress transcription factors

HT

high temperature

IAA

indole-3-acetic acid

ISR

induced systemic resistance

IST

induced systemic tolerance

JA

jasmonic acid

MDA

malondialdehyde

MSI

membrane stability index

NO

nitrogen oxide

NPQ

non-photochemical quenching

PA

peroxidase

PAL

phenylalanine ammonia lyase

PEG

polyethylene glycol

PSI

photosystem I

PSII

photosystem II

PGPB

plant growth-promoting bacteria

PGPR

plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria

ΔpH

pH gradient

ROS

reactive oxygen species

RuBisCO

ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase

RWC

relative water content

SA

salicylic acid

SAR

systemic acquired resistance

SOD

superoxide dismutase

TDFs

transcript-derived fragments

TSS

total soluble sugar

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Lastochkina
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Aliniaeifard
    • 3
  • M. Seifikalhor
    • 4
  • R. Yuldashev
    • 2
  • L. Pusenkova
    • 1
  • S. Garipova
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Bashkir Research Institute of Agriculture – Subdivision of the Ufa Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of SciencesUfaRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Biochemistry and Genetics – Subdivision of the Ufa Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of SciencesUfaRussia
  3. 3.College of Aburaihan, University of TehranPakdasht, TehranIran
  4. 4.Department of Plant Biology, Center of Excellence in Phylogeny of Living Organisms in Iran, School of Biology, College of Science, University of TehranTehranIran
  5. 5.Bashkir State UniversityUfaRussia

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