Use of Osmolytes in Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance to Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

  • Fahim NawazEmail author
  • Sadia Majeed
  • Khawaja Shafique Ahmad
  • Abdul Hamid
  • Rana Nauman Shabbir
  • Muhammad Aqib
  • Rao Muhammad Ikram


Wheat is an important food crop that provides vital calories and nutrients essential for human health. However, climate extremities threaten wheat yields and hence food security around the globe. Improving wheat productivity under changing climate scenario is one of the major challenges of agriculturists and plant scientists. Environmental stresses further aggravate the situation. Wheat responds to oxidative stresses through regulation of a series of mechanisms at morphological, physiological, and molecular levels. Accumulation of low molecular weight organic solutes, known as osmolytes, is one of the prime defense strategies to reduce oxidative stress-induced damages in wheat. This chapter would appraise new insights into osmotic adjustment strategies of wheat against various abiotic stresses. In addition, recent studies on the role of exogenously applied osmoprotectants in improving abiotic stress tolerance of wheat are also discussed.


Wheat Osmolytes Osmotic adjustment Abiotic stress tolerance 



Ascorbic acid oxidase


Abscisic acid


Ascorbate peroxidase






Ascorbic acid










Diamine oxidase


Gamma-aminobutyric acid


Glycine betaine




Heavy metals






Mannose-6-phosphate isomerase


Mannose-1-phosphate phosphatase


Mannose-6-phosphate reductase




Nitric oxide


Phenylalanine ammonia lyase


Polyamine oxidase




Polyphenol oxidase






Reactive oxygen species






Trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase


Trehalose-6-phosphate synthase


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fahim Nawaz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sadia Majeed
    • 2
  • Khawaja Shafique Ahmad
    • 3
  • Abdul Hamid
    • 4
  • Rana Nauman Shabbir
    • 5
  • Muhammad Aqib
    • 1
  • Rao Muhammad Ikram
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyMNS University of AgricultureMultanPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Agronomy, UCA & ESThe Islamia University of BahawalpurBahawalpurPakistan
  3. 3.Department of BotanyUniversity of PoonchRawalakotPakistan
  4. 4.Department of HorticultureUniversity of PoonchRawalakotPakistan
  5. 5.Department of AgronomyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan

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