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Use of Osmolytes in Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance to Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

  • Fahim NawazEmail author
  • Sadia Majeed
  • Khawaja Shafique Ahmad
  • Abdul Hamid
  • Rana Nauman Shabbir
  • Muhammad Aqib
  • Rao Muhammad Ikram
Chapter

Abstract

Wheat is an important food crop that provides vital calories and nutrients essential for human health. However, climate extremities threaten wheat yields and hence food security around the globe. Improving wheat productivity under changing climate scenario is one of the major challenges of agriculturists and plant scientists. Environmental stresses further aggravate the situation. Wheat responds to oxidative stresses through regulation of a series of mechanisms at morphological, physiological, and molecular levels. Accumulation of low molecular weight organic solutes, known as osmolytes, is one of the prime defense strategies to reduce oxidative stress-induced damages in wheat. This chapter would appraise new insights into osmotic adjustment strategies of wheat against various abiotic stresses. In addition, recent studies on the role of exogenously applied osmoprotectants in improving abiotic stress tolerance of wheat are also discussed.

Keywords

Wheat Osmolytes Osmotic adjustment Abiotic stress tolerance 

Abbreviations

AAO

Ascorbic acid oxidase

ABA

Abscisic acid

APX

Ascorbate peroxidase

Arg

Arginine

As

Arsenic

AsA

Ascorbic acid

CAT

Catalase

Cd

Cadmium

Cr

Chromium

Cu

Copper

DAO

Diamine oxidase

GABA

Gamma-aminobutyric acid

GB

Glycine betaine

Hg

Mercury

HMs

Heavy metals

MDA

Malondialdehyde

MEL

Melatonin

MPI

Mannose-6-phosphate isomerase

MPP

Mannose-1-phosphate phosphatase

MPR

Mannose-6-phosphate reductase

Ni

Nickel

NO

Nitric oxide

PAL

Phenylalanine ammonia lyase

PAO

Polyamine oxidase

PAs

Polyamines

PPO

Polyphenol oxidase

Proline

Proline

Put

Putrescine

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

Spd

Spermidine

Spm

Spermine

TPP

Trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase

TPS

Trehalose-6-phosphate synthase

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fahim Nawaz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sadia Majeed
    • 2
  • Khawaja Shafique Ahmad
    • 3
  • Abdul Hamid
    • 4
  • Rana Nauman Shabbir
    • 5
  • Muhammad Aqib
    • 1
  • Rao Muhammad Ikram
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyMNS University of AgricultureMultanPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Agronomy, UCA & ESThe Islamia University of BahawalpurBahawalpurPakistan
  3. 3.Department of BotanyUniversity of PoonchRawalakotPakistan
  4. 4.Department of HorticultureUniversity of PoonchRawalakotPakistan
  5. 5.Department of AgronomyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan

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