Soil and Water Conservation Techniques for Sustainable Agriculture

  • S. Sarvade
  • V. B. Upadhyay
  • Manish Kumar
  • Mohammad Imran Khan


Natural resources of the country are humiliating due to biotic and abiotic pressures. Around 146.8 Mha land was estimated under degraded land of India by National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning (NBSS&LUP). Among different land degradation categories, soil erosion through runoff is the major threat for degradation of soil and water resources. It results into 5.3 billion tonnes soil loss annually. Detached soil carry with runoff water and siltation occurs in water reservoirs; it results in depletion of reservoirs storage capacity by 1–2%. Intensive agricultural practices accelerate the rate of soil erosion. In this context, use of groundwater (by drilling tube wells) in high rates also depletes the groundwater level. The groundwater level of 65% open wells was depleted. Such conditions negatively impact on productivity of agriculture crops. High rate of runoff degrades soil health and ultimately decreases the food production of the country. Vegetation and mechanical measures need to be applied separately or in combination for solving such problems of natural resource (soil and water) degradation. Along with such measures, some improved techniques may need to be designed for judicious management of natural resources. Although there were many schemes/programmes/missions also running through government and non-governmental organization to combat these problems, we have to work for the policy on conservation of natural resources through sustainable agricultural practices.


Ecological sustainability Natural resources Soil erosion Soil and water conservation Sustainable agriculture 





Central arid zone research institute


Farm yard manure


Indian council of agricultural research


Multipurpose tree species




National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Utilisation Planning


Nitrogen fixing trees


Organic matter


Slopping agricultural land technology


Staggered contour trenches


Soil organic matter


Soil and water conservation


Water use efficiency


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Sarvade
    • 1
  • V. B. Upadhyay
    • 1
  • Manish Kumar
    • 2
  • Mohammad Imran Khan
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Agriculture, BalaghatJawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa VidhyalayaJabalpurIndia
  2. 2.Central Soil Salinity Research InstituteKarnalIndia

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