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Effective Role of Microorganism in Waste Management and Environmental Sustainability

  • Saikat Mondal
  • Debnath Palit
Chapter

Abstract

Environmental protection and sustainability is one of the major concerns in present scenario. Continuous release of harmful waste and contaminants due to improper industrialization and unchecked urbanization possesses greatest threat to mankind directly in short as well as long term and also puts a tremendous pressure on the natural resources. Unscientific and ill-management of urban and industrial wastes and contaminants has handed over the ecology and environment to the hand of endangered sustainability. So it is the time to make correction and remediate the polluted NR in such a way that brings a sustainable and habitable ecosystem for the future generations. Waste generation has a positive correlation with the economic development which is much observed in the Western countries and also in developing countries like India. Waste generation in India shows different trends, and urbanization plays a significant role in waste generation. In India total solid waste generation is about 42 million tons/year. Hazardous waste treatment requires more effective and green technologies. In this context microorganism plays a promising role. The unique nature of microorganisms can be used effectively for resurrecting the environment. Microorganism can act as magic bullets for bioremediation of contaminated sites and biodegradation purposes. Now a day microorganisms are effectively used together with nanotechnology, termed as nano-bioremediation to clean up radio active wastes. Moreover, the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in combating pollution in extreme polluted condition makes the microorganism a boon to human welfare. This chapter gives an insight into different types of wastes and explains how microorganism can be used effectively for waste management (WM) and sustaining our environment in a greener way.

Keywords

Environment Industrialization Microorganism Sustainability Urbanization Waste 

Abbreviation

C

Carbon

DDT

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane

GMOs

Genetically modified organisms

HC

Hydrocarbons

HDPE

High-density polyethylene

LDPE

Low-density polyethylene

N

Nitrogen

OC

Organic compounds

OM

Organic matter

PAHs

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

PCB

Polychlorinated biphenyl

PVC

Polyvinyl chloride

TCE

Trichloroethylene

WM

Waste management

WW

Waste water

XC

Xenobiotic compounds

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saikat Mondal
    • 1
  • Debnath Palit
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyRaghunathpur CollegePuruliaIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyDurgapur Government CollegeDurgapurIndia

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