Amidst the Governance Challenges in Environmental Management and Sustainable Urbanization in Surat

  • Bhasker Vijaykumar BhattEmail author
  • Shashikant Kumar
  • Neerajkumar D. Sharma
Part of the Advances in 21st Century Human Settlements book series (ACHS)


The urbanization is becoming inevitable across the globe and for one of the fastest growing cities, Surat, the status is reported to be alarming. Faster growth of population and settlement with an increase in enterprise establishments generating opportunities are acting as counter magnets in the case of Surat. The city has a natural advantage by means of a perennial flowing river, Tapi, carrying fresh water to match the requirements posed by the citizens for domestic as well other usages. Keeping the environmental concerns at the central thought around urbanization in Surat, the chapter explores through the extent of development and resulting effects. Objectives for the study were set to understand different aspects and chalk out smarter proposals for governance of environmental resources through promoting sustainable practices. Keeping aware of the natural resources utilized or mobilized in terms of quantity and quality is considered a manner towards sustainable use. The chapter discusses the situation in Surat regarding the demographics, weather, natural drainage and topography, irrigation and agricultural activities, transport and linkages along with vehicle growth, air quality, water resources, vegetation cover and, industrial activities as drivers of the economy for the citizens. Further, an exploration of the state of essential service infrastructure of water supply, sewerage, solid waste and aquaculture is discussed. Keeping various activities pertaining to environmental concern, the role and challenges faced by various government agencies are deliberated. The concluding remarks are drawn identifying some of the critical concerns and alternative solutions towards smarter governance by adopting technological advances and reforming ongoing practice is recommended. The use of GNSS based solutions is emphasised for various purpose of monitoring and positioning considering the era when there is a maximum number of satellites available for fetching GNSS signals in the space above South-Asia. Employing and promoting the use of interoperability of various positioning satellite constellations through RTK solutions are briefly discussed.


Smart infrastructure Sustainable environment Services Surat Urbanization 

List of abbreviations


Anno Domini


Annual Survey of India’s City-Systems


Before Christ


Bus Rapid Transit System


Common Era




Elevated Storage Reservoir (for Water)


Gujarat Electricity Board


Gujarat Ecology Commission


Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation


Geographic Information System


Gujarat Pollution Control Board


Indian National Rupees


Internet of Things




Square kilometre (Area)




Million Liters


Million Liters per Day


Mean Sea Level


Metric Tonne


National Highway


Narmada, Water Resources, Water Supply and Kalpasar Department


Public-Private Partnership


Relational Data Base Management System


Remote Sensing


Rain Water Harvesting


The Southern Gujarat Chamber of Commerce and Industries, Surat


State Highway


Surat Irrigation Circle, Surat


Sulfur Oxide composites


Surat Municipal Corporation, Surat


Sewage Treatment Plant


Surat Urban Development Authority, Surat


Town Planning (as in T. P. Scheme)


Up-flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket


Underground Storage Reservoir (for Water)


Urban Local Body


Water Treatment Plant


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bhasker Vijaykumar Bhatt
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shashikant Kumar
    • 2
  • Neerajkumar D. Sharma
    • 3
  1. 1.Bhaikaka Centre for Human Settlements (APIED), Nr. Bhaikaka LibraryVallabh Vidyanagar, AnandIndia
  2. 2.Bhaikaka Centre for Human Settlements (APIED)Vallabh Vidyanagar, AnandIndia
  3. 3.GIDC Degree Engineering CollegeAbrama, NavsariIndia

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