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Amidst the Governance Challenges in Environmental Management and Sustainable Urbanization in Surat

  • Bhasker Vijaykumar BhattEmail author
  • Shashikant Kumar
  • Neerajkumar D. Sharma
Chapter
Part of the Advances in 21st Century Human Settlements book series (ACHS)

Abstract

The urbanization is becoming inevitable across the globe and for one of the fastest growing cities, Surat, the status is reported to be alarming. Faster growth of population and settlement with an increase in enterprise establishments generating opportunities are acting as counter magnets in the case of Surat. The city has a natural advantage by means of a perennial flowing river, Tapi, carrying fresh water to match the requirements posed by the citizens for domestic as well other usages. Keeping the environmental concerns at the central thought around urbanization in Surat, the chapter explores through the extent of development and resulting effects. Objectives for the study were set to understand different aspects and chalk out smarter proposals for governance of environmental resources through promoting sustainable practices. Keeping aware of the natural resources utilized or mobilized in terms of quantity and quality is considered a manner towards sustainable use. The chapter discusses the situation in Surat regarding the demographics, weather, natural drainage and topography, irrigation and agricultural activities, transport and linkages along with vehicle growth, air quality, water resources, vegetation cover and, industrial activities as drivers of the economy for the citizens. Further, an exploration of the state of essential service infrastructure of water supply, sewerage, solid waste and aquaculture is discussed. Keeping various activities pertaining to environmental concern, the role and challenges faced by various government agencies are deliberated. The concluding remarks are drawn identifying some of the critical concerns and alternative solutions towards smarter governance by adopting technological advances and reforming ongoing practice is recommended. The use of GNSS based solutions is emphasised for various purpose of monitoring and positioning considering the era when there is a maximum number of satellites available for fetching GNSS signals in the space above South-Asia. Employing and promoting the use of interoperability of various positioning satellite constellations through RTK solutions are briefly discussed.

Keywords

Smart infrastructure Sustainable environment Services Surat Urbanization 

List of abbreviations

AD

Anno Domini

ASICS

Annual Survey of India’s City-Systems

BC

Before Christ

BRTS

Bus Rapid Transit System

CE

Common Era

cm

Centimetre

ESR

Elevated Storage Reservoir (for Water)

GEB

Gujarat Electricity Board

GEC

Gujarat Ecology Commission

GIDC

Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation

GIS

Geographic Information System

GPCB

Gujarat Pollution Control Board

INR

Indian National Rupees

IoT

Internet of Things

km

Kilometre

km2

Square kilometre (Area)

m

Meter

ML

Million Liters

MLD

Million Liters per Day

MSL

Mean Sea Level

MT

Metric Tonne

NH

National Highway

NWRWSK

Narmada, Water Resources, Water Supply and Kalpasar Department

PPP

Public-Private Partnership

RDBMS

Relational Data Base Management System

RS

Remote Sensing

RWH

Rain Water Harvesting

SGCCI

The Southern Gujarat Chamber of Commerce and Industries, Surat

SH

State Highway

SIC

Surat Irrigation Circle, Surat

SOx

Sulfur Oxide composites

SMC

Surat Municipal Corporation, Surat

STP

Sewage Treatment Plant

SUDA

Surat Urban Development Authority, Surat

T.P.

Town Planning (as in T. P. Scheme)

UASB

Up-flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket

UGSR

Underground Storage Reservoir (for Water)

ULB

Urban Local Body

WTP

Water Treatment Plant

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bhasker Vijaykumar Bhatt
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shashikant Kumar
    • 2
  • Neerajkumar D. Sharma
    • 3
  1. 1.Bhaikaka Centre for Human Settlements (APIED), Nr. Bhaikaka LibraryVallabh Vidyanagar, AnandIndia
  2. 2.Bhaikaka Centre for Human Settlements (APIED)Vallabh Vidyanagar, AnandIndia
  3. 3.GIDC Degree Engineering CollegeAbrama, NavsariIndia

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