Liver Tumor I: Benign Tumors and Tumor-Like Lesions

  • Wilson M. S. TsuiEmail author
  • Takahiro Mori
  • Masaki Iwai


Compared to malignant tumors, benign tumors of the liver are encountered rarely in daily practice, although their true incidence is probably not low [1]. This is because they are either asymptomatic and not discovered or they are not biopsied and left unresected. However, ultrasonographic imaging often may show benign tumors in the liver. Some of these tumors are true neoplasms, while others are tumor-like masses (Table 16.1) [2].







Bile duct adenoma


Carcinoembryonic antigen




Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay


Focal nodular hyperplasia


Hepatocellular adenoma


Hepatocellular carcinoma


Human melanoma black 45


Hepatocyte nuclear factor 1


Interleukin 6 signal transducer


Intraductal papillary neoplasm


Inflammatory pseudotumor


Liver fatty acid binding protein


Larva migrans syndrome


Mucinous cystic neoplasm


53-kilodalton protein


Perivascular epithelioid cell tumors


Protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-2



Prof. Alex Y. Chang was a coauthor of the first edition of this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wilson M. S. Tsui
    • 1
    Email author
  • Takahiro Mori
    • 2
  • Masaki Iwai
    • 3
  1. 1.Hong KongChina
  2. 2.HyogoJapan
  3. 3.KyotoJapan

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