Advertisement

Applications of Superconductors

  • Chan-Joong Kim
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter summarises the practical applications of superconductors (bulks, wires and magnets). They are a superconductor bulk magnet, superconductor-magnet bearings for flywheel energy storage device with high energy storage efficiency, a high-speed rotation device, magnetic separation using bulk superconductors, current leads and superconductors for magnetic shielding, superconducting wires (PIT-processed MgB2 and REBCO coated conductor), and Superconducting propulsion ship.

References

  1. 1.
    Onnes HK (1911) Further experiments with liquid helium: the resistance of pure mercury at helium temperatures. Commun Phys Lab Univ Leiden 120b:124cGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Meissner W, Ochsenfield R (1933) Ein neuer Effekt bei Eintritt der Supraleitfähigkeit. Naturwissenschafen 21(44):787Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Morita M, Teshima H, Hirano H (2006) Development of oxide superconductor - high-Tc bulk superconductor, QMG, and Its magnetic application. Nippon Steel Tech Rep 93:18Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ogun SE, Goktas H, Ozkan H, Gasanly NM (2005) Effect of low-energy electron irradiation on (Bi,Pb)-2212 superconductor. Surf Coat Technol 196:118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Vasiliu F, Sandu V, Nita P, Popa S, Cimpoiasu E, Bunescu MC (1998) The role of irradiation damage structure and fine scale precipitation in the pinning improvement of thermal neutron irradiated lithium flouride-doped YBa2Cu3O7-x. Physica C 303:209Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hébert S, Hardy V, Villard G, Hervieu M, Simon C, Provost J (1998) Pinning enhancement in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 by tilting columnar defects from the c axis. Physica C 299:259Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shlyk L, Krabbes G, Fuchs G, Stӧver G, Gruss S, Nenkov K (2002) Pinning behavior and magnetic relaxation in melt-processed YBCO doped with Li, Ni and Pd. Physica C 377:437CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhao Y, Cheng CH, Wang JS (2005) Flux pinning by NiO-induced nano-pinning centres in melt-textured YBCO superconductor. Supercond Sci Technol 18:S43.  https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/18/2/010 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhou YX, Scruggs S, Salama K (2006) Effects of ionic doping on superconducting properties of melt textured YBa2(Cu1-xMx)3O7-δ (M=Co, Ni, Zn or Ga) large grains. Supercond Sci Technol 19:S556.  https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/19/7/S26 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shlyk L, Krabbes G, Fuchs G, Nenkov K, Schüpp B (2005) Effects of annealing treatments on the superconducting melt-processed YBCO doped with Ni. Supercond Sci Technol 18:S10.  https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/18/2/003 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Murakami M, Gotoh S, Kosizuka N, Tanaka S, Matsushita T, Kambe S, Kitazawa K (1990) Critical currents and flux creep in melt processed high Tc oxide superconductors. Cryogenics 30:390CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kim C-J, Kuk I-H, Hong G-W, Sung T-H, Han S-C, Kim JJ (1998) CeO2 as a growth inhibitor of Y2BaCuO5 in a Ba3Cu5Ox liquid phase. Mater Lett 34:392Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kim C-J, Qadir N, Mahmood A, Han Y-H, Sung T-H (2007) The effect of BaCeO3 nano particles on the current density of a melt-processed YBCO superconductor. Physica C 463–465:344Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ren Y, Weinstein R, Liu J, Sawh RP, Foster C (1995) Damage caused by magnetic pressure at high trapped field in quasi-permanent magnets composed of melt-textured Y-Ba-Cu-O superconductor. Physica C 251:15CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tomita M, Murakami M (2003) High-temperature superconductor bulk magnets that can trap magnetic fields of over 17 tesla at 29 K. Nature 421:517CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gruss S, Fuchs G, Krabbes G, Verges P, Stӧver G, Müller K-H, Fink J, Schultz L (2001) Superconducting bulk magnets: very high trapped fields and cracking. Appl Phys Lett 79(19):3131CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Nougem JG, Meslin S, Harnois C, Chateigner D, Caud X (2004) Melt textured YBa2Cu3Oy bulk with artificially patterned holes: a new way of processing c-axis fault current limiter meanders. Supercond Sci Technol 17:931Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Dias DH, Sotelo GG, Moysés LA, Telles LGT, Bernstein P, Kenfaui D, Aburas M, Chadm J G Noudem X (2015) Application of texture YBCO bulks with artificial holes for superconducting magnet bearing. Supercond Sci Technol 28:075005.  https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/28/7/075005 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kim K-M, Park S-D, Jun B-H, Ko TK, Kim C-J (2012) Simple die pressing for making artificial holes in single-grain Gd1.5Ba2Cu3O7-y superconductors. Supercond Sci Technol 25:105016.  https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/25/10/105016 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Oka T, Kanayama H, Fukui S, Ogawa J, Sato T, Ooizumi M, Terasawa T, Itoh Y, Yabuno R (2008) Application of HTS bulk magnet system to the magnetic separation techniques for water purification. Physica C 468:2128CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Yokoyama K, Oka T, Okada H, Noto K (2003) High gradient magnetic separation using superconducting bulk magnets. Physica C 392–396:739Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Chiba A, Okada H, Tada T, Nakazawa H, Mitsuhashi K, Ohara T, Wada H (2002) Removal of arsenic from geothermal water by high gradient magnetic separation. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond 12(1):952CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Coombs TA, Campbell AM, Ganney I, Lo W, Twardowski T, Dawsonm Mater B (1998) Superconducting bearing in flywheels. Sci Eng B53:225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hull JR (2000) Superconductor bearing. Supercond Sci Technol 13:R1Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Han YH, Hull JR, Han SC, Jeong NH, Sung TH, No K (2005) Design and characteristics of a superconductor bearing. IEEE Trans Appl Phys 15(2):2249CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Werfel FN, F-Delor U, Rothfield R, Riedel T, Goebel B, Wippich D, Scirrmeister P (1998) Superconductor bearings, flywheels and transportation. Supercond Sci Technol 25:014007.  https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/25/1/014007 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ribeiro PF, Johnson BK, Crow ML, Arsoy A, Liu Y (2001) Energy storage systems for advanced power applications. Proc IEEE 89(12):1744CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Shigenatsu K, Ohta H, Hoshino K, Takayama H, Yagishta O, Yamazaki S, Takahara H, Aono M (1989) Magnetic shield of high-Tc oxide superconductors at 77 K. Jpn J Appl Phys 28(5):L813Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Matsuba H, Yahara A, Urisawa D (1992) Magnetic shielding properties of HTc superconductor. Supercond Sci Technol 5:S432CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Denis S, Susoulier L, Diricky M, Vaderbemden P, Cloots R, Ausloos M, Vaderheyden B (2007) Magnetic shielding properties of high-temperature superconducting tubes subjected to axial fields. Supercond Sci Technol 20:192.  https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/20/3/014 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kim KT, Lim JH, Jang SH, Park EC, Joo J, Hong G-W, Kim C-J, Kim H-R, Hyun O-B (2007) Fabrication and characterization of BSCCO-2212 tube prepared by centrifugal casting. Physica C 463–465:460Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Elschner S, Bock J, Brommer G (1996) High currents in MCP BSCCO 2212 bulk material. IEEE Trans Mag 32(4):2724CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Wesche R, Fuchs AM (1994) Design of superconducting current leads. Cryogenics 34(2):145CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ogiwara H (1992) In: Murakami M (ed) Melt processed high-temperature superconductors. World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, p 317Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Saito K, Zaitsu K (2016) Nb3Sn wire technology for high-field superconducting magnet. Koelco Technol Rev 43:72Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Lindenhovius HIH, Hornsveld EM, Ouden AD, Wessel WAJ, ten Kate HHJ (2000) Powder-in-Tube (PIT) Nb3Sn conductors for high-field magnets. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond 10(1):975Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Nagamatsu J, Nakayama N, Muranaka T, Zenitani Y, Akimitsu J (2001) Superconductivity at 39 K in magnesium diboride. Nature 410:63CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Ekin JW, Braginski AI, Panson AJ, Janocko MA, Capone DW II, Zaluzec NJ, Flandermeyer B, de Lima OF, Hong M, Kwo J, Lio SH (1998) Evidence for weak link and anisotroy limitations on the transport critical current in bulk polycrystalline Y1Ba2Cu3Ox. J Appl Phys 62:4821.  https://doi.org/10.1063/1.338985 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Izumi F, Asano H, Ishigaki T, Ono A, Okamura F (1987) Crystal structure of a Ba-Y-Cu-O superconductor as revealed by rietveld analysis of X-Ray powder diffraction data. Jpn J Appl Phys 26(5):L611CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Sato K, Hikata T, Mukai H, Ueyama M, Shibuta N, Koto T, Masuda T, Nagata M, Iwata K, Mitsui T (1991) High-Jc silver-sheathed Bi-based superconducting wires. IEEE Trans Mag 27(2):1231Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Malozemoff AP, Annavarapu S, Fritzemeier L, Li Q, Prunier V, Rupicj M, Thieme C, Zhang W, Goyal A, Paranthaman M, Lee DF (2000) Low-cost YBCO coated conductor technology. Supercond Sci Technol 13:473CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Yang J, Zhang H, Feng XL, Liu HZ, Zhou Q (2010) Study on deposition of YBCO for coated conductor using pulsed laser deposition. J Phys Conf Ser 234:022043Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    V Braccini AX, Jaroszynski J, Xin Y, Larbalestier DC, Chen Y, Carota G, Dackow J, Kesgin I, Yao Y (2011) Properties of recent IBAD-MOCVD coated conductors relevant to their high field, low temperature magnet use. Sci Technol 24:035001.  https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/24/3/035001 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Rupich MW, Rupich MW, Schoop U, Verebelyi DT, Thieme C, Zhang W, Li X, Kodenkandath T, Nguyen N, Siegal E, Buczek D, Lynch J, Jowett M, Thompson E, Wang J-S, Scudiere J, Malozemoff AP, Li Q, Annavarapu S, Cui S, Fritzemeier L, Aldrich B, Craven C, Niu F, Schwall R, Goyal A, Paranthaman M (2003) YBCO coated conductors by an MOD/RABiTS™ process. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond 13(2):2458CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Kim KT, Lim JH, Kim JH, Joo J, Nah W, Ki Ji B, Jun B-H, Kim C-J, Hong G-W (2004) Development of cube-textured Ni-W alloy substrates for YBCO-coated conductor. Physica C 412–414:859Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Overduin J, Polyak V, Rutah A, Sebastian T, Selway J, Zile D (2017) The hunt for red october II: A magnetohydrodynamic boat demonstration for introductory physics. Phys Teach 55:460.  https://doi.org/10.1119/1.5008337 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
  48. 48.
    The Superconducting MHD-Propelled Ship Yamato 1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamato_1
  49. 49.
    Takezawa S, Tamama H, Sugawawa K, Sakai H, Matsuyama C, Morita H, Suzuki H, Ueyama Y (1995) Operation of the thruster for superconducting electromagnetohydrodynamic propulsion ship “YAMATO1”. Bull MESJ 23(1):46Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chan-Joong Kim
    • 1
  1. 1.Neutron Utilization Research DivisionKorea Atomic Energy Research InstituteDaejeonKorea (Republic of)

Personalised recommendations