Synthesis and Characterization of Chemically Derived Graphene Oxide from Graphite

  • Pankaj KumarEmail author
  • Neetu Divya
  • J. K. Ratan
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 30)


Graphene oxide (GO) has unique physical, chemical, and mechanical properties. It has also acquired great interest for its unique mechanical, electrical, electronic, and optical properties. GO possesses different types of functional groups, which allows it to interact with organic and inorganic materials in covalent, non-covalent, or ionic manner. Therefore, GO behaves like a semiconductor due the presence of impurity such as hydroxyl, carbonyl, and carboxyl groups as a functional group. The present paper deals with the synthesis of ultrathin layer of GO from commercially available graphite powder. The synthesis process starts with the chemical oxidation of commercial graphite powder into GO by modified Hummer’s and Offeman method. Modified Hummer’s method is simple and easily adoptable in laboratory. The obtained GO material was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR).


Modified hummer’s method Graphite Characterization 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringDr. B. R. Ambedkar National Institute of TechnologyJalandharIndia

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