Advertisement

Analytical Modeling of Indian-Made Biodegradable Jute Drains for Soft Soil Stabilization: Progress and Challenges

  • Kirti Choudhary
  • Cholachat RujikiatkamjornEmail author
  • Buddhima Indraratna
  • P. K. Choudhury
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 29)

Abstract

Installation of vertical drains in soft soil is probably the most popular preloading method of ground improvement today. These drains reduce the consolidation time of the soil by providing alternative pathways to relieve the pore water pressure in the soil quickly thus reducing construction time. Jute drains have been introduced as an environmentally friendly alternative to synthetic drains in recent times. However, owing to higher absorption capacity of jute and their tendency to degrade in soil their consolidation behavior can be vastly different from that of synthetic drains. In this review, the paper provides in detail the properties of jute drains along with significant developments that have been achieved over the years in understanding their consolidation behavior. The clogging and degradation behavior in these drains is investigated in relation to the limitations in analytical modeling. This article aimed to discuss not only the challenges associated with modeling this phenomenon but also suggests approaches by which this problem can be solved.

Keywords

Analytical modeling Ground improvement Jute drains Preloading Soft soil stabilization 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This research was supported (partially) by the Australian Government through the Australian Research Council’s Linkage Projects funding scheme (project LP140100065). The authors also acknowledge the National Jute Board of India (NJBI), Coffey, Douglas Partners, Soilwicks, and Menard Oceania for funding of this research. The Authors would to acknowledge kind permission from Elsevier to reuse some excerpts obtained from Indraratna et al. (2016) in this paper.

References

  1. Akgiray Ö, Saatçı AM (2001) A new look at filter backwash hydraulics. Water Sci Tech: Water Supply 1(2):65–72Google Scholar
  2. Asha BS, Mandal JN (2015) Laboratory performance tests on natural prefabricated vertical drains in marine clay. Proc Inst Civil Eng Ground Improv 168(1):45–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barron RA (1948) Consolidation of fine-grained soils by drainwells. Trans ASCE 113(2346):718–724Google Scholar
  4. Bergado DT, Anderson LR, Miura N, Balasubramaniam AS (1996) Soft ground improvement in lowland and other environments. ASCE Press, ASCE, New York, USA, p 427pGoogle Scholar
  5. Carroll RG Jr (1983) Geotextile filter criteria. Transp Res Rec 916:46–53Google Scholar
  6. Geng XY, Indraratna B, Rujikiatkamjorn C (2012) Analytical solutions for a single vertical drain with vacuum and time-dependent surcharge preloading in membrane and membraneless systems. Int J Geomech 12(1):27–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hansbo S (1981) Consolidation of fine-grained soils by prefabricated drains. In: Proceedings of the 10th international conference on soil mechanics and foundations engineering, Stockholm, Sweden, pp 677–682Google Scholar
  8. Indraratna B, Nimbalkar S, Rujikiatkamjorn C (2014) From theory to practice in track geomechanics—Australian perspective for synthetic inclusions. Transp Geotechn 1(4):171–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Indraratna B, Nguyen TT, Carter J, Rujikiatkamjorn C (2016) Influence of biodegradable natural fibre drains on the radial consolidation of soft soil. Comput Geotech 78:171–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Indraratna B, Sathananthan I, Rujikiatkamjorn C, Balasubramaniam AS (2015) Analytical and numerical modeling of soft soil stabilized by prefabricated vertical drains incorporating vacuum preloading. Int J Geomech 5(2):114–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kim JH, Cho SD (2009) Pilot scale field test for natural fiberdrain. In: Li G, Chen Y, Tang X (eds) Geosynthetics in Civil and Environmental Engineering. Springer, New York, pp 409–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Locke M, Indraratna B, Adikari G (2001) Time-dependent particle transport through granular filters. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 127(6):521–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. McCabe WL, Smith JC, Harriot P (2005) Unit operations of chemical engineering, 7th edn. McGraw-Hill, New York, pp 163–165Google Scholar
  14. McGown A (1976) The properties and uses of permeable fabric membranes. In: Lee, Ingles, Yeaman (eds) Proceedings of the workshop on materials and methods for low cost road, rail and reclamation works. University of New South Wales, Australia, pp 663–710Google Scholar
  15. Mininger KT, Santi PM, Richard D (2011) Life span of horizontal Wick drains used for landslide drainage. Environ Eng Geosci 17(2):103–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Pineda J, Suwal L, Kelly R, Bates L, Sloan S (2016) Characterization of Ballina Clay. Geotechnique 66(7):1–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Saha P, Roy D, Manna S, Adhikari B, Sen R, Roy S (2012) Durability of transesterified jute geotextiles. Geotext Geomembr 35:69–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Terzaghi K (1925). Erdbaumechanik auf Bodenphysikalischer Grundlage. Franz Deuticke, Liepzig-ViennaGoogle Scholar
  19. Walker R, Indraratna B, Rujikiatkamjorn C (2012) Vertical drain consolidation with non-Darcian flow and void ratio dependent compressibility and permeability. Géotechnique 62(11):985–997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Xiao M, Reddi LN (2000) Comparison of fine particle clogging in soil and geotextile filters. Proc Geo-Denver 2000.  https://doi.org/10.1061/40515(291)12

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kirti Choudhary
    • 1
  • Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn
    • 1
    Email author
  • Buddhima Indraratna
    • 1
  • P. K. Choudhury
    • 2
  1. 1.Ph.D. Candidate, Centre for Geomechanics and Railway Engineering, School of Civil EngineeringUniversity of WollongongNSWAustralia
  2. 2.National Jute BoardCalcuttaIndia

Personalised recommendations