Advertisement

Non-destructive Intrinsic Self-sensing Method for Health Monitoring of Sub- and Superstructures

  • M. VinothkumarEmail author
  • R. Malathy
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 29)

Abstract

Origination of cracks, deterioration and damages of structures such as bridges and tunnels has become a common problem. The loss of design strength due to the internal and external factors will lead to the origination of defects and cracks, and so continuous use of these structure results in collapse. The cracks and defects are repaired by implementing the rehabilitation methods at the right time, and the structures can be saved. Here, an effective monitoring technique to detect damage in concrete structures is discussed. Utilization of sensors for monitoring is not very appropriate because of the lifespan, economic aspect, and maintenance and sensitivity problems. Instead of using the sensors, a new technique, which uses self-diagnosing conductive material (the material which identifies the defects by itself), is adopted for monitoring the health of the structure. The stress–strain behaviour under loading condition is monitored using the sensing ability. The sensing ability of the diagnosing material was evaluated through the electrical conductivity test. The defect identification was done by uniaxial electrical test. The mechanical strength properties were evaluated through the compression test. The incorporation of diagnosing material enhances both the mechanical and sensing properties. The monitoring can be done periodically through the self-sensing ability.

Keywords

Origination of cracks Sensing ability Stress–strain behaviour Diagnosing material 

References

  1. Anthony JW, Bideaux RA, Bladh KN, Monte C (eds) (1990) Handbook of mineralogy (PDF). “Graphite”Google Scholar
  2. Arivoli M, Malathy R (2017) Optimization of packing density of M20 concrete with steel slag as coarse aggregate using fuzzy logic. Arch Metall 3:1903–1913CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ch Farrar R, Worder K (2007) An introduction to structural health monitoring. Philos Trans R Soc A 365:303–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chung DDL (1998) Self-monitoring structural materials. Mater Sci Eng Rep 57–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Claisse PA (2014) Letter: using electrical testes as durability indicator. Concr Int 36:10Google Scholar
  6. Collins RJ, Ciesielski SK (1994) Recycling and use of waste materials and by products in Highway construction. National cooperative highway Research Program synthesis of highway practices 199, Transportation Research board, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  7. Deprez N, McLachlan DS (1998) The analysis of the electrical conductivity of graphite powder during compaction. J Phys D Appl Phys 101–107 (Institute of physics)Google Scholar
  8. Han BG, Yu X, Ou JP (2014a) Multifunctional and smart nanotube reinforced cement based materials, Chapter 1. In: Gopalakrishna K, Bergeson B, Taylor P, Attoh-Okine NO (eds)Google Scholar
  9. Han B, Yu X, Ou J (2014b) Nickel powder based self-sensing concrete, Chapter 9. In: Self-sensing concrete in smart structures. Elsevier Publications, pp 271–313Google Scholar
  10. Han B, Ding S, Yu X (2014c) Challenges of self-sensing concrete, Chapter 11. In: Self-sensing concrete in smart structures, vol 59. Elsevier Publications, pp 361–376Google Scholar
  11. Han B, Ding S, Yu X (2015) Intrinsic self-sensing concrete and structures: a review, vol 59. Elsevier Publications, pp 110–128Google Scholar
  12. Inada H, Okuhara Y, Kumagai H (2005) Health monitoring of concrete using self-diagnosing materials. In: Sensing issues in civil structural health monitoring. Springer, Berlin, pp 239–248Google Scholar
  13. Jia XW (2009) Electrical conductivity and smart properties of Fe1−σ o waste mortar. Dissertation for the doctor degree in engineering, Chongqing University, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  14. Kopeliovich D (1982) Substances and technologies. Knowledge sources on material science. www.subtech.com
  15. Layssi H, Ghods P, Alizadeh AR, Saleehi M (2015) Electrical resistivity of concrete-concepts, applications, and measurement techniques. Concr IntGoogle Scholar
  16. Mao QZ, Zhao BY, Sheng R, Li ZQ (1996) Resistance changement of compression sensible cement specimen under different stresses. J Wuhan Univ Technol 11:41–45Google Scholar
  17. Mohamed FM, EI Hussiny NA, Shalabhi MEH (2002) Granulation of coke breeze fine for using sintering process. Sci Sinter 42:193–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nadelman EI, Kurtis KE (2014) A resistivity-based approach to optimizing concrete performance. Concr Int 36:50–54Google Scholar
  19. Ou JP, Han BG (2009) Pezoresistive cement based strain sensors and self-sensing concrete components. J Intell Mater Syst StructGoogle Scholar
  20. Ranade R, Zhang J, Lynch JP (2014) Influence of micro cracking on the composite resistivity of engineered cementaneous composites. Cem Compos Res 58:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Shi ZQ, Chung DDL (1999) Carbon fiber-reinforced concrete for traffic monitoring and weighing in motion. Cem Concr Res 29:435–439CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringSona College of TechnologySalemIndia

Personalised recommendations