Variation of CBR Values of Laterite Soil Mixed with Jarofix and Lime

  • G. SanthoshEmail author
  • K. S. Beena
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 29)


Road networking is one of the vital indicators of development of any country. Presently, scarcity of good subgrade soil is one of the major problems for improving road network. At the same time, handling and disposal of waste is one of the main problems of industrialization. Jarofix which is a waste material from zinc industry is one with limited utilization nowadays. So, the present study is an investigation on the effect of lime and Jarofix when mixed with soil, by conducting unsoaked CBR tests. Initially, the CBR values were evaluated by adding 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50% of Jarofix mixed with soil and the values were found to be decreasing as the percentage of Jarofix increases. The long-term effects of the same mixes were studied after 7, 14, 28, 56, and 90 days and CBR values found to be increasing with age. For further improvement, the tests were done with the addition of 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, and 12.5 percentage of lime for the same soil–Jarofix combinations. The CBR values were improving with percentage of lime and age, and the optimum percentage of lime was found to be 7.5% which showed an increase of more than 100% in CBR.


Jarofix Waste utilization Ground improvement 


  1. Amadi AA, Okeiyi A (2017) Use of quick and hydrated lime in stabilization of lateritic soil: comparative analysis of laboratory data. Int j Geo-Eng 1–13Google Scholar
  2. Beena KS, Santhosh G (2013) Studies on strength characteristics of soil mixed with bio-waste. In: Indian geotechnical conference, RoorkeeGoogle Scholar
  3. Chakraborty S, Mukherjee SP, Chakrabarti S, Chattopadhyay BC (2014) Improvement of sub grade by lime and rice husk ash admixturers. Int J Innovative Res Sci, Eng Technol 11.034–11.040Google Scholar
  4. Dash SK, Hussain M (2012) Lime stabilization of soils: reappraisal. J Mater Civ Eng 707–714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Joysha B, Syam D (2016) Study of swelling and strength characteristics of black cotton soil mixed with jarofix. Int J Core Eng Manag, IJCEM 107–115Google Scholar
  6. Muntohar AS, Widianti A, Hartono E, Diana W (2013) Engineering properties of silty soil stabilized with lime and rice husk ash and reinforced with waste plastic fiber. J Mater Civ Eng 1260–1270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Nitisha R, Patil MP, Devendra D (2014) Utilization of jarosite generated from lead-zinc smelter for various applications: a review. Int J Civ Eng Technol, IJCIET 5(11):192–200Google Scholar
  8. Rachel J, Ramya K (2017) A study on the effect of Jarofix on Cochin marine clay. In: International conference on geotechniques for infrastructure projects, ThiruvananthapuramGoogle Scholar
  9. Raj A, Beena KS, Santhosh G, Santhosh KN (2014) Geoenvironmental characteristics of jarofix mixed soil. In: International conference on energy, environment, materials and safety, CUSAT, Kochi, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  10. Sinha AK, Havanagi VG, Arora VK (2015) Stress-Strain Behaviour Of Stabilised Jarofix Waste Material. In: 50th Indian geotechnical conference, Pune, Maharashtra, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  11. Sinha AK, Havanagi VG, Arora VK, Ranjan A, Mathur S (2013a) Characterization of Jarofix waste material for the construction of road. Highway Res J 35–42Google Scholar
  12. Sinha AK, Havanagi VG, Ranjan A, Mathur S, Singh BK (2013b) Geotechnical characterization of jarosite waste material for road construction. In: Indian geotechnical conference, RoorkeeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EngineeringCUSATKochiIndia

Personalised recommendations