Utilization of Waste Plastic Shreds for Stabilization of Soil

  • Shwetha PrasannaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 29)


When soil available for construction is not suitable for the intended purpose, then soil stabilization is required. In this study, two soil samples were collected from Margoa, Goa State and were reinforced with waste plastic shreds. These plastic shreds were obtained from plastic packaging waste which would cause a major disposal problem for the environment. Waste plastic shreds were added in varying percentages like 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10% to the soil samples as a reinforcement material. From compaction test, maximum dry density (MDD) and optimum moisture content (OMC) were determined and shear strength parameters (cohesion and friction) were obtained from box or direct shear test. For the first soil sample, there was a decrease in MDD, OMC, and cohesion and a slight increase in friction with an increase in the percentage of reinforcement. For the second sample also, almost the same results were obtained that means decrease in MDD, OMC, and cohesion and a slight increase in friction with increase in the percentage of reinforcement. The decrease in maximum dry density of soil must be due to low specific gravity of plastic shreds. Also it has been observed that adding beyond 10% of plastic waste would not vary much in MDD value. The present work concluded that the stabilized soil could be utilized for roadways, parking areas, site development projects, airports, and many other situations where subsoils are not suitable for construction.


Soil Stabilization Plastic waste 



Author thanks the anonymous referees for their valuable suggestions. And also Rituja Tari, Pooja Naik, Shriya Usgaonker, Dhanada Mayeker, Rajeshwari Palni and Radhiya Chodnekar for their help in conducting the experiments related to this project.


  1. Azzam WR (2013) Behavior of modified clay microstructure using polymer nanocomposites technique. Alexandria Eng J Fac Geoeng 12:143–150Google Scholar
  2. Babu S, Vasudevan K (2008) Strength and stiffness response of coir fiber-reinforced tropical soil. J Mater Civ Eng ASCE 20:571–577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chayan G, Ravi KS (2016) Black cotton soil modification by the application of waste materials. Periodica Polytech Civ Eng 60:479–490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dasaka SM, Sumesh KS (2011) Effect of coir fibre on the stress–strain behavior of a reconstituted fine-grained soil. J Nat Fibre 8:189–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hejazi SM, Sheikhzadeh M, Abtahi SM, Zadhoush A (2012) A simple review of soil reinforcement by using natural and synthetic fibers. Constr Build Mater 30:100–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Khedari J, Watsanasathaporn P, Hirunlabh J (2005) Development of fiber-based soil–cement block with low thermal conductivity. Cem Concr Compos 27:111–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Muntohar AS (2009) Influence of plastic waste fibers on the strength of lime-rice husk ash stabilized clay soil. Civ Eng Dim 11:32–40Google Scholar
  8. Perloff WH (1976) Soil mechanics, principals and application. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Sherwood P (1993) Soil stabilization with cement and lime, state of the art review. Transport Research Laboratory, HMSO, London Google Scholar
  10. Shwetha P, Prasanna Kumar N (2017) Soil reinforcement using coconut shell ash: a case study of Indian soil. J Civ Eng Constr 6:73–78Google Scholar
  11. Siddiqui MN (2009) Conversion of hazardous plastic wastes into useful chemical products. J Hazard Mater 167:28–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Subaida A, Chandrakaran E, Sankar N (2009) Laboratory performance of unpaved roads reinforced with woven coir. Geotext Geomembr 27:204–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringDon Bosco College of EngineeringFatordaIndia

Personalised recommendations