Overcoming Geotechnical Challenges in Rail and Metro Projects Using Ground Improvement

  • Jonathan DaramalinggamEmail author
  • Madan Kumar AnnamEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 29)


In rail and metro construction, a variety of encountered geotechnical challenges need to be overcome. These arise from ground conditions, the presence of nearby structures and the choice of construction technique. Often, ground improvement techniques can be employed effectively to address these challenges. Using examples from India, Australia, Malaysia, and Singapore, this paper will demonstrate the use of a variety of ground improvement techniques adopted in transportation infrastructure projects. Examples include the use of compaction grouting to facilitate the construction of a NATM tunnel though partially loose soils in the New Delhi metro project, compensation grouting to limit and prevent damage to overlying structures during TBM tunneling works in the Perth metro project, rock fissure grouting in limestone to limit water ingress into excavation pits during metro construction in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and the use of deep soil mixing and jet grouting as part of a cut-and-cover tunnel construction in Singapore.


Ground improvement Compaction grouting Compensation grouting Rock fissure grouting Deep soil mixing Jet grouting 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Keller Asia Pacific LimitedSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Keller Ground Engineering India Pvt. Ltd.ChennaiIndia

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