Advertisement

The Changing Role of Regional Organisation of Councils in Australia: Case Studies from Perth Metropolitan Region

  • Shahed KhanEmail author
  • Bhishna Bajracharya
Chapter
Part of the Advances in 21st Century Human Settlements book series (ACHS)

Abstract

This chapter seeks to make a case for regional integration of urban governance at the local government level in Australia. Growing complexity of planning issues and changing community values require governments to constantly look for innovative formats of governance. There is a need to promote models of governance based on collaboration rather than competition between government entities. At the level of local government, collaborative partnerships that are sustainable can be reached between adjoining councils contributing as equals and driven by common values and the need to cooperate for better outcomes. By entering into voluntary agreements in the form of regional organisations of councils, an individual local council could enable itself to rise beyond solving problems regarding provision of services to its rate payers, to additionally take an active role in tackling higher level problems relating to regional development and sustainable development. This chapter describes the role played by regional organisations of councils in Australia in general, referring to a few case studies from Western Australia.

Keywords

Voluntary and statutory regional organisation of councils Integrated governance Inter-governmental cooperation Multi-stakeholder cooperation Local council amalgamation Regional development organisations 

References

  1. Aulich C (1997) Competition in local government. In: Dollery B, Marshall N (eds) Australian local government: reform and renewal. Macmillan Education Australia, Melbourne, pp 189–208Google Scholar
  2. Australia Constitutional Commission, Byers M (1988) Final report of the constitutional commission 1988. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra. http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/18947247. Accessed 15 Apr 2017
  3. Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) (2016) 2016 Census QuickStatsGoogle Scholar
  4. Australian Local Government Association (2017) http://alga.asn.au. Accessed 15 Apr 2017
  5. Brillantes A, Flores H (2012) Decentralization and good urban governance in Southeast Asia: focus on Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand. In: Yap KS, Thuzar M (eds) Urbanization in Southeast Asia: issues and impacts, pp. 293–319. ISEAS Publishing, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  6. Brown B, Aaron M (2001) The politics of nature. In: Smith J (ed) The rise of modern genomics, 3rd edn. Wiley, New York, pp 234–295Google Scholar
  7. City of Nedlands (2016). http://www.nedlands.wa.gov.au/wesroc. Accessed 20 Nov 2016
  8. CoA (Commonwealth of Australia) (2010) Australia’s constitution—with overview and notes by the Australian Government Solicitor. Produced by the Parliamentary Education Office and Australian Government Solicitor, CanberraGoogle Scholar
  9. Daly M (2000) The challenges for local government in the 21st Century. In: Pritchard B, McManus P (eds) Land of discontent: the dynamics of change in rural and regional Australia. UNSW Press, Sydney, pp 195–217Google Scholar
  10. Dedicatoria R, Cabacungan P (2012) Inter-local cooperation in the Philippines/ICLEI Southeast Asia secretariat presentation. http://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/2_Dedicatoria_Inter-LocalCooperationinthePhilippines.pdf. Accessed 18 Aug 2017
  11. DET—Department of Education and Training (2006) MBA Course Notes/State of New South Wales. https://sielearning.tafensw.edu.au/MBA/19194J/commerc_law/lo/u1_t3_parlaw/u1_t3_parlaw_02.htm. Accessed 15 Apr 2017
  12. DIRD (Dept of Infrastructure & Regional Development) (2003) 2002–2003 Report on operation of local government (Financial Assistance) Act 1995. Government of Australia, Canberra. http://regional.gov.au/local/publications/reports/2002_2003/index.aspx. Accessed 17 Apr 2016
  13. DLG (Department of Local Government) (2011) Regional collaboration models for local government in Western Australia. Information Paper prepared for the Metropolitan Local Government Review, Department of Local Government, Western AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  14. Eastern Metropolitan Regional Council (2016). http://www.emrc.org.au. Accessed 21 Nov 2016
  15. Ellis P, Roberts M (2016) Leveraging urbanization in South Asia: managing spatial transformation for prosperity and livability. The World Bank, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  16. EUDP—European Union Delegation to the Philippines (2010) Critical ingredients in building and sustaining inter-local cooperation. report on activity undertaken under the aegis of the Philippines development forum and local government’s sub-working group on inter-local cooperation, Makati CityGoogle Scholar
  17. FCM (2013) Federation of Canadian municipalities newsletter july/case study: inter-municipal cooperation in the Philippines https://www.fcm.ca/Documents/case-studies/International/Inter-Municipal_Cooperation_in_The_Philippines_EN.pdf. Accessed 14 Aug 2017
  18. Federation of Canadian Municipalities (2013) Case study of inter-municipal cooperation in the Philippines: poverty reduction through integrated small enterprise development. Federation of Canadian Municipalities News Letter, July 2013. http://www.fcm.ca. Accessed 14 Aug 2017
  19. Federation of Canadian Municipalities (2013) News letter, July 2013. http://www.fcm.ca. Accessed 14 Aug 2017
  20. Gooding A (2005) In the saddle or the burr underneath—the role of regional organisations of councils in metropolitan planning. In: Refereed Proceedings of the 2nd Bi-annual national conference on the state of Australian Cities, Brisbane, November 30–December 2 2005Google Scholar
  21. Gooding A (2012) A comparative analysis of regional organisations of councils in NSW and Western Australia, Australian Centre of Excellence for Local Government, University of Technology Sydney, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  22. Gurran N (2007) Australian urban land use planning: introducing statutory planning practice in New South Wales. Sydney University Press, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  23. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Accessed 20 Nov 2016
  24. IPAI—Institute of Public Administration Ireland (2009) Joined-up government. Report prepared for efficiency unit, The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Unit, Hong Kong, April 2009Google Scholar
  25. Khan S, George J, Brunner J (2015) The evolving framework for planning in Australia: moving towards sustainable governance. In: Brunner J, Glasson J (eds) Contemporary issues in Australian urban and regional planning. Routledge/Taylor & Francis, New York, pp 15–33Google Scholar
  26. Kübler D (2005) Problems and prospects of metropolitan governance in Sydney: towards old or new regionalism? City futures research centre. University of New South Wales, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  27. Kubler D, Randolph B (2007) Metropolitan governance in Australia: the Sydney experience. In: Hambleton R, Gross JS (eds) Governing cities in global era. Palgrave, New York, pp 139–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lang J (1976) The development of regional organisation in Western Sydney. Unpublished thesis, Department of Town and Country Planning, University of Sydney, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  29. Manasan R, Mercado R (1998) Metropolitan arrangements in the Philippines: passing fancy or the future megatrend?. Philippine Institute for Development Studies, ManilaGoogle Scholar
  30. Marshall N, Withreby A (2002) The roles and functions of regional organisations of councils, unpublished. Paper presented to the cutting edge of change: shaping local government for the 21st Century Conference, University of New England, Armidale, 14–17 FebruaryGoogle Scholar
  31. Marshall N, Dollery B, Sorensen T (2006) Voluntary regional co-operation in Australia. Can J Reg Sci 29:239–256Google Scholar
  32. New South Wales Consolidated Acts (2017) Local government act 1993—Sect 24. http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/lga1993182/s24.html. Accessed 16 Apr 2017
  33. Niikawa T (2010) Decentralization and local politics. In: Sekiguchi M (ed.) Government and politics, vol. 1, pp. 378–397. EOLSS Publishers/UNESCO, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  34. Partnership for Democratic Local Governance in Southeast-Asia (DELGOSEA) (2017). http://www.delgosea.eu/cms/Best-Practices/Thematic-Area-2-Institutional-Governance/05-Cooperation-between-Local-Governments-to-Address-Shared-Needs. Accessed 14 Aug 2017
  35. Pollitt C (2003) Joined-up government: a survey. Polit Stud Rev 1(1):34–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sarosa W (2006) Indonesia (Chap 7). In: Roberts B, Kanaley T (eds) Urbanisation and sustainability in Asia: case studies of good practice. cities alliance/cities without slums, pp. 155–188. Asian Development BankGoogle Scholar
  37. Sorensen T (1994) On the white paper: ‘working nation. Reg Policy Pract 3(1):2–4Google Scholar
  38. Sproats K (1998) Australian local government reform in the 1990s, Sydney: centre for local government research and education. UTS, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  39. Taylor M, Garlick S (1989) Commonwealth government involvement in regional development in the 1980s: a local approach. In: Higgins B, Zagorski K (eds) Australian regional developments. readings in regional experiences, policies and prospects, pp. 79–103. Australian Government Publishing Service, CanberraGoogle Scholar
  40. Town of Cottesloe (2016). http://www.cottesloe.wa.gov.au. Accessed 20 Nov 2016
  41. United Nations (2018). Sustainable development goal 11: make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg11. Accessed 15 Apr 2018
  42. Vorratnchaiphan C, Villeneuve D (2006) Thailand (Chap 13). In: Roberts B, Kanaley T (eds) Sustainability in Asia: case studies of good practice. Cities Alliance/Cities without Slums, Asian Development Bank, pp 341–368Google Scholar
  43. Wensig E (1997) The process of local government reform: Legislative change in the states. In: Dollery B, Marshall N (eds) Australian local government: reform and renewal. Macmillan Education Australia, Melbourne, pp 89–102Google Scholar
  44. Western Metropolitan Regional Council (2016). http://www.wmrc.wa.gov.au. Accessed 21 Nov 2016
  45. Western Metropolitan Regional Council (2016). Company news. https://www.linkedin.com/company/western-metropolitan-regional-council. Accessed 20 Nov 2016

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Design and the Built EnvironmentCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Faculty of Society and DesignBond UniversityGold CoastAustralia

Personalised recommendations