Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Vietnam

  • Nguyen Dang TuanEmail author
  • Nguyen Hai Cuong
Part of the Perspectives on Rethinking and Reforming Education book series (PRRE)


Vietnam has demonstrated an impressive performance with respect to economic growth and poverty reduction during the last 30 years. Yet, employment creation for the growing labour force remains a substantial problem for the Government. Also, rapid growth, structural changes and the need of Vietnam to strengthen its position in the global and increasingly knowledge-based economy require a new profile of the workforce being technically up-to-date, highly qualified, adaptable, flexible and innovative. Combined this constitutes a heavy challenge to the system of TVET. Vietnam is innovating and improving the quality of TVET in order to make a strong change in the quality and effectiveness of TVET to meet the human resource requirements of regions, sectors of the economy, in which a part of high-quality human resources approaches the level of developed countries, contributing to improving labour productivity, quality of growth and competitiveness of the economy in the context of international integration (The Socio-Economic Development Strategy 2011–2020 defines three “breakthrough areas”: (i) promoting human resources/skills development (particularly skills for modern industry and innovation), (ii) improving market institutions and (iii) infrastructure development).


Vocational education and training Promoting human resources Skills development Vietnam Innovating and improving the quality of TVET National qualification framework 


  1. Article 4.(2014). Law on Vocational Education and Training. National Assembly.Google Scholar
  2. Circular No. 06/2017/TT-BLDTBXH. (2017). Ministry of Labour, Invalid and Social Affairs. Retrieved from
  3. Directorate of Vocational Education and Training, Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA), Vietnam. Retrieved from
  4. Regional Cooperation in TVET (RECOTVET). Retrieved from
  5. Vietnam General Statistics Office. (2017). Statistical summary book of Vietnam 2017. Retrieved from

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Regional Cooperation in TVET (RECOTVET)Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ)HanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Directorate of Vocational Education and TrainingMinistry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA)HanoiVietnam

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