Low-Power Wide Area Networks: Changes for Smart Grid

  • Liang Wan
  • Yirui Huang
  • Weihua Li
  • Yu Zhang
  • Zhijian ZhangEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 517)


Nowadays, a hybrid of communication technologies including a variety of wired and wireless technologies have been used in smart grid. Each wireless communication technology has its advantages and disadvantages. Short-range links, high power consumption, high cost, or a mesh topology are the main characters for wireless technologies. Due to wireless connection problems in mesh topology and a large amount of infrastructure required to build a reliable network, the costs of deployment for smart grid are still amazing. Recently, a new wireless technology Low-Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) has challenged typical wireless connection. It is characterized by low-cost and long-range transmission technologies, and enables power efficient communication over very long distances using a simple topology. In this paper, we introduce the new wireless technology to implement the applications in smart grid, and discuss its advantages and the potential opportunities and challenges that can bring to smart grid.


Smart grid LPWAN Long range LoRa NB-IoT 


  1. 1.
    Farhangi, H.: The path of the smart grid. IEEE Power Energ. Mag. 8(1), 18–28 (2010)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baimel, D., Tapuchi, S., Baimel, N.: Smart grid communication technologies-overview, research challenges and opportunities. In: International Symposium on Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yan, Y., Qian, Y., Sharif, H., Tipper, D: A survey on smart grid communication infrastructures: motivations, requirements and challenges. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 15(1), first quarter (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    EPRI Technical Report: Assessment of wireless technologies in substation functions Part-II: substation monitoring and management technologies (2006)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Raza, U., Kulkarni, P., Sooriyabandara, M.: Low power wide area networks: a survey (2016). arXiv:1606.07360
  6. 6.
    Bor, M., Vidler, J., Roedig, U.: LoRa for the Internet of Things. ResearchGate (2016)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Communications Requirements of Smart Grid Technologies. Department of Energy, Washington, DC (2010)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kuzlu, M., Pipattanasomporn, M., Rahman, S.: Communication network requirements for major smart grid applications in HAN, NAN and WAN. Comput. Netw. 67, 74–88 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang, W., Xu, Y., Khanna, M.: A survey on the communication architectures in smart grid. Comput. Netw. 55, 3604–3629 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Raza, U., Kulkarni, P., Sooriyabandara, M.: Low power wide area networks: an overview. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. (2017)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Augustin, A., Yi, J., Clausen, T., Townsley, W.M: A study of LoRa: long range & low power networks for the internet of things. Sensors, 16, 1466 (2016)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Springer, A., Gugler, W., Huemer, M., Reind, L., Ruppel, C., Weigel, R.: Spread spectrum communications using chirp signals. In Proceedings of the IEEE/AFCEA Information Systems for Enhanced Public Safety and Security (EUROCOMM 2000), Munich, Germany, pp. 166–170, 19 May 2000Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Berni, A.J., Gregg, W.D.: On the utility of chirp modulation for digital signaling. IEEE Trans. Commun. 21, 748–751 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    LoRa Alliance: LoRaWAN What is it. Technical Marketing Workgroup1.0 (2015)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Alliance, LoRa: White Paper: A Technical Overview of Lora and Lorawan; The LoRa Alliance: San Ramon. CA, USA (2015)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bardyn, J.P., et al.: IoT: the era of LPWAN is starting now. In: Proceedings of the 42nd European Solid-State Circuits Conference Lausanne, pp. 25–30 (2016)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ratasuk, R., Vejlgaard, B., Mangalvedhe, N., Ghosh, A.: NB-IoT system for M2M communication. In: IEEE WCNC, Doha (2016)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    3GPP TR 36.802, Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT), Technical Report TR 36.802 V1.0.0, Technical Specification Group Radio Access Networks (2016)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
    Nokia: Nokia LTE M2M—optimizing LTE for the internet of things. In: White paper (2014)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ratasuk, R, Mangalvedhe, N., Zhang, Y., Robert, M., Koskinen, J.-P.: Overview of Narrowband IoT in LTE Rel-13. In: IEEE Conference on Standards for Communications and Networking (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liang Wan
    • 1
  • Yirui Huang
    • 1
  • Weihua Li
    • 2
  • Yu Zhang
    • 3
  • Zhijian Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Electronic Science and EngineeringNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Unit 31106 of PLAPudongChina
  3. 3.Unit 31618 of PLAPudongChina

Personalised recommendations