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Soil Genesis, Survey and Classification

  • Narendra Kumar
  • Saurabh Gangola
  • Pankaj Bhatt
  • Neha Jeena
  • Rowndel Khwairakpam
Chapter

Abstract

Soil is the mixtures of microorganism, organic matter minerals along with water and soil formation is a complex process depends on the weathering of rocks as well as the different factors such as climate, parent material, different microorganism etc. Moreover, it is a combination of structural development, differentiation into horizons in the profile and its translocation. In addition, Soil is classified into different classes or groups with different properties as well as potential and purpose of soil classification is use and management of soil resources. The theoretical or scientific purpose (emphasize the origin of soils and their relationships) as well as for the practical importance (for technological uses of soil and for the application in agricultural) is described by classification. For these kinds of purposes soil survey is an essential connecting link to the practical application. This is enabling more numerous, correct predictions to be making for valuable purposes.

Keywords

Soil Soil genesis Soil survey Land classes 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Narendra Kumar
    • 1
  • Saurabh Gangola
    • 2
  • Pankaj Bhatt
    • 3
  • Neha Jeena
    • 4
  • Rowndel Khwairakpam
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Crop PhysiologyUttaranchal UniversityDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyG.B Pant University of Agriculture and TechnologyPantnagarIndia
  3. 3.Department of MicrobiologyDolphin (P.G) Institute of Biomedical and Natural SciencesDehradunIndia
  4. 4.Department of BiotechnologyBhimtal Kumaun UniversityNainitalIndia
  5. 5.Department of Crop PhysiologyAssam Agriculture UniversityJorhatIndia

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