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A Systematic Review on the Role of Mycorrhiza in Soil Genesis Using Scientometrics Analysis

  • Geetanjali Baruah
  • Jagajjit Sahu
Chapter

Abstract

The constancy and productivity of agroecosystems and natural ecosystems depend solely on soil quality. Role of soil microflora in crop productivity is an integral part of the soil ecosystem with a major role played by mycorrhiza. A mycorrhiza is a symbiotic association between a fungus and the roots of a vascular host plant. Mycorrhizal fungi play a major role in the functioning of the microbial food web in the rhizosphere, drawing down plant sugars derived from photosynthesis and providing much-needed energy for the soil ecosystem. It also improves aggregate stability through hyphae networking, enhances soil structure by producing biological glue called glomalin, builds stable soil carbon, improves plant water use efficiency and increases the efficiency of utilization of important nutrients like phosphorus, sulphur, and nitrogen. It can be said soil quality and mycorrhizal fungi are complementary. In this book chapter, we represent a systematic review of the role of mycorrhiza in soil genesis using scientometric approach. The exponential growth of the literature on public domains provides the opportunity to perform the meta-analysis to find meaningful information. The traditional way of reviewing published reports have become obsolete whereas open source tools such as R has open new ways to access them in a robust and efficient way. The meta-data for the publications on Mycorrhiza related to the improvement of soil was collected from the Web of Science (WoS) and scientrometric analysis was performed. The main aim was to obtain the topical classification and find the key publications, findings, issues, etc. This piece of work will lead the scientific community, especially the naive researchers about the past and present scenario of developments done regarding the role of Mycorrhiza in soil genesis.

Keywords

Scientometrics Mycorrhiza Pedogenesis Meta-analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We offer our sincere regards to Department of Mycology and Plant Pathology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India for the workspace to conduct the scientometric analysis. We also acknowledge WoS for the raw bibliometric data.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geetanjali Baruah
    • 1
  • Jagajjit Sahu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural BiotechnologyAssam Agricultural UniversityJorhatIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mycology and Plant Pathology, Institute of Agricultural SciencesBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

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