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Role of Microorganisms in Soil Genesis and Functions

  • N. Kaviya
  • Viabhav K. Upadhayay
  • Jyoti Singh
  • Amir Khan
  • Manisha Panwar
  • Ajay Veer Singh
Chapter

Abstract

The soil is an eminent gift from nature encompassing numerous essential minerals and nutrients for maintaining the vivacity of living biota such as plants, animals, and microorganisms. Soil genesis or pedogenesis is an imperative phenomenon, where biological activities shown by microorganisms which open numerous ways for promoting the process of soil formation. Microorganisms including bacteria, fungi, cyanobacteria, and lichens are said to be well-known ‘soil engineers’ actively participate in pedogenesis through commencing the process of biological weathering of rocks, decomposition of organic matters and nutrient cycling. However, the study on soil microorganisms is an important aspect for depicting their role in soil genesis and it is also apparent to determine both culturable and unculturable diversity of soil inhabitant microbiota. In this view, the present manuscript is focused on depicting the role of microorganisms in soil formation and the mechanisms for weathering process employed by such micro-flora with highlighting the current and advanced molecular approaches for determining microbial diversity in soil.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Kaviya
    • 1
  • Viabhav K. Upadhayay
    • 1
  • Jyoti Singh
    • 1
  • Amir Khan
    • 1
  • Manisha Panwar
    • 1
  • Ajay Veer Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, College of Basic Sciences and HumanitiesGovind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and TechnologyPantnagarIndia

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