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Mycoremediation of Environmental Pollutants from Contaminated Soil

  • Prem Chandra
  • Enespa
Chapter

Abstract

Organic and inorganic of xenobiotic compounds in soil is a serious problem mostly in industrialized countries, it caused diffuse and acute contamination on a global scale in soil and water. Various persistent organic pollutants (POPs) degraded and transforms by the fungi. A mutualistic associations formed by the fungi and mycorrhizal fungi with various plant species in the rhizospheric regions. The association of fungi with plants biotransforms and biodegrade the hazardous contaminants in the soil. The species of white rot fungi such as Pleurotus ostreatus, Pleurotus sajorcaju, Pleurotus tuberregium, Pleurotus pulmonarius and Bjerkandera adusta have more potential comparison to other species. The wide range of organic molecules released extracellular lignin modifying enzymes are very effective in degrading of organic molecules. The lignin-peroxidases (LiP), manganese peroxidases (MnP), and other H2O2 producing and laccase enzymes present in the microbial system employed for degrading of lignin. This chapter covered various fungal species for biodegradation and transformation of environmental contaminants by enzymes and biomass.

Keywords

Mycoremediation Fungi Bioremediation Heavy metals PAHs 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prem Chandra
    • 1
  • Enespa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Microbiology, School for Environmental Sciences,Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar (A Central) UniversityLucknowIndia

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