Regional Disparities in Economic and Social Development
This article analyses the pattern and trends in inter-district disparities in the levels of development particularly in levels of income, and physical and social infrastructure by using multivariate analysis. It finds wide regional disparities across districts in the availability of social and economic infrastructure which have persisted and prolonged over time. Amongst the four broader economic regions, the districts of western region continued to occupy top ranks in economic infrastructure as compared to other three regions, viz. central, eastern and Bundelkhand. Bundelkhand region presents the grim scenario with almost six out of seven districts falling in the category of backward districts in India. The central and eastern regions have almost mediocre status. Such a pattern provides a strong justification for the recent policy initiatives of the state government for improving the economic infrastructure especially banking services, industrialization and agricultural infrastructure to facilitate production and sale of outputs and social infrastructure for building human capital. However, budgetary support for such initiatives and weak implementation are major concerns for any meaningful results, particularly in backward districts. The article advocates more rigorous efforts towards developing economic and social infrastructure, particularly in laggard districts of the state. This would also help in accelerating the pace of economic growth and employment opportunities, and reducing regional disparities in development in Uttar Pradesh.
KeywordsRegional disparities Infrastructure development
- Bery, S., Gupta, D. B., Krishna, R., & Mitra, S. (2004). The nature of rural infrastructure: Problems and prospects. NCAER, Working Paper No. 94, National Council of Applied Economic Research, New Delhi.Google Scholar
- Chakraborthy, A. (2009). Some normative relevant aspects of inter-state and intra-state disparities. Economic and Political Weekly, 46(26–27), 179–184.Google Scholar
- Department of Planning, Uttar Pradesh. (as per Annual Plan 2014–15). Strategy of Annual Plan 2014–15. Available on http://upenvis.nic.in/Database/Strategy_836.aspx.
- Government of Uttar Pradesh. (2013). Uttar Pradesh agriculture policy, 2013: Roadmap for progress and prosperity.Google Scholar
- Kapoor, S. (2013). India and sustainable development goals (SDGs). November 12, on http://www.teriin.org/policy-brief/india-and-sustainable-development-goals-sdgs.
- Mondal, P. (2000). Relationship between infrastructure and economic growth in www.yourarticlelibrary.com/ visited on August 6, 2016.
- Raychaudhary, A., & Haldar, S. K. (2009, June 27). An investigation into the inter-district disparities in West Bengal, 1991–2005. Economic and Political Weekly, 44(26–27), 258–263.Google Scholar
- Rao, V. K. R. V. (1980). Infrastructure and economic development. Commerce, Annual Number, 141, 10–11.Google Scholar
- Thakur, A. K., & Chauhan, S. S. S. (2010). Inter regional disparities in India. Indian Economic Association, Annual Conference, Deep and Deep Publications, India.Google Scholar
- Tiwari, R. T. (1983). Economic infrastructure and regional development in India. Working Paper No. 67, Giri Institute of Development Studies, Lucknow.Google Scholar