Advertisement

Design and Development of Mechanical and Electronic Jacquard Handloom for Fine-Korai-Mat Weaving

  • S. Ganesan
  • K. Badari NathEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Design Science and Innovation book series (DSI)

Abstract

The market for Design of Fine-Korai-Mat started dwindling day by day due to laborious work involved in using primitive and outdated handicraft methods in its production resulting in higher cost. The young generation shy away from this craft as the working condition is not good and not remunerative. This handicraft is practiced by a community living in Pathamadai (Tirunelveli Dist., TN) for many years and the products are also known by its place of production (Pathamadai Pai). RuTAG, IITM, Chennai on realizing its status has taken initiative for the technology development of Fine-Korai-Mat Weaving handicraft so as to improve its ergonomics (working condition) that will result in more comfort and less fatigue to weavers, and to enable them to produce more results in increased productivity and better earning apart from increase in the design capability. Mechanical Jacquard Handloom of 120 hooks has been developed initially to give better ergonomics that produce symmetrical Design of Fine-Korai-Mat resulted in 200% increase in productivity. Subsequently, Electronic Jacquard of 192 hooks has been developed to produce full-size design of Fine-Korai-Mats and Marriage Mat that contains names resulting in 300% increase in productivity apart from other benefits such as ease of storage and retrieval of design and elimination of card punching and its recurring cost, etc.

Keywords

Mechanical and electronic jacquard Fine-Korai-Mat Compacting 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to express their gratitude to Department of Computer Science & Engineering, RVCE, Bengaluru, Mr. Srinivasa Reddy of Sai Handloom Industries and Mr. Ambareesh, an undergraduate student of RVCE, for their support and assistance in this development work.

References

  1. 1.
    Saravana Ganthi A, Yogaraj M, Padma Sorna Subramanian M (2009) Indigenous knowledge on natural dyeing of Korai grass mat in Pattamadai, Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu. Nat Prod Radian 8(5):542–545Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Muthiah S, Venkateswaran A (2014) Economic importance of Mat weaving industry in Pattamadai of Tirunelveli district: an overview. Shanlax Int J Commerce 2(2). ISSN 2320–4168Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Woven Fabric Production-II (2000) Nodal Centre for Up-gradation of Textile Education (NCUTE), MOT, GOI, pp 79–97Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Grosicki Z (ed) (1975) Watson’s textile design and colour. Woodhead PublishingGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Grosicki Z (ed) (1977) Watson’s advanced textile design. Woodhead PublishingGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Panneerselvam RG (2013) Use of MS paint for jacquard graph designing and printing. Indian J Fibre Text Res 38:186–192Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Badari Nath K, Nayak S (2016) Design of novel electronic Jacquard with MasterSlave architecture & design partitioning. Int J Innov Technol Res (IJITR) 4(4):3139–3146Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Badari Nath K, Nayak S (2016) High performance software tool for saree weaving using electronic Jacquards. Int J Innov Technol Res (IJITR), 4(4):3153–3160Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mujumdar S (2012) Automation for looms & Jacquards. Indian Textile J CXXII(February)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mitra A (2011) CAD/CAM support for Jacquard-based textile industry. Indian Textile J CXXI(October)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RuTAG, IIT-MadrasChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science & EngineeringR.V. College of EngineeringBengaluruIndia

Personalised recommendations