Improving the Design of Bullock Driven Tractor (BDT) to Make It User-Friendly

  • Davinder Pal SinghEmail author
  • Ajit Kumar
  • Raj Kumar Gupta
  • Mangal Sharma
Conference paper
Part of the Design Science and Innovation book series (DSI)


Human and animal power contributes extensively to the daily affairs of people living in the rural areas in India. Draught animal power (DAP) has been in use for millennia and is still relevant as it is a renewable and holistic resource. It is suitable for the needs of the farmers with small land holding and capable of performing agricultural activities such as ploughing, planting, harvesting and processing. The need is to make the use of DAP more efficient and user-friendly as well as animal-friendly. Improvement in these technologies will go a long way in the effort towards sustainable rural development. One such initiative of improving the existing bullock driven tractor (BDT) was taken up by Rural Technology Action Group (RuTAG) IIT Delhi team. With “Bullock Drawn Tractor” it is inferred as a tilling device which provides comfort to the tiller and incorporates the features of the modern tractor and is also more efficient than the conventional plough. In this paper, the experience of developing lifting solutions for attachments used for cultivation has been discussed. A new low-cost lifting mechanism has solved the problem and has also resulted in improving the operation of BDT. Alternative seating arrangement proposed for the farmer was well-received by them. The farmers have appreciated the modifications during the trials conducted in Dahina village in Haryana and villages near Balaghat and Tamia in Madhya Pradesh. The modified BDT needs active promotion in the villages before effective adoption by farmers.


Bullock driven tractor RuTAG Draught animal power Lifting mechanism 



The authors sincerely thank the financial support from the Office of the Principal Scientific Advisor to the Government of India, Vigyan Bhawan New Delhi for its support to RuTAG (Rural Technology Action Group). The encouragement of Dr. Ketaki Bhapat (Scientist ‘F’), Maj. S. Chatterjee (Ex-Sr. Project Consultant). Authors are sincerely thankful to Prof. R. R. Gaur (Chairman, RuTAG IIT Delhi) for his continuous guidance in making this project a success. Also, the contribution of Rajendra Prasad (Co-PI), Prof. V. K. Vijay (Co-PI), and Prof. S K Saha (PI-RuTAG IITD) are highly appreciated. The author also acknowledges the contribution of all the staff members who have conducted a study on various BDT. The authors also thank all the field agencies (NGOs), Bharatiya Cattle Resource Development Foundation (BCRDF), Ahimsa Bhawan, F-125, Lado Sarai, New Delhi- 110030 and M/S Santosh Brothers (Agriculture Implements and Foundry Works), M.G. Road, Bhur, Bulandshahar, (U.P.) for their support and feedback associated to the technology.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Davinder Pal Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ajit Kumar
    • 2
  • Raj Kumar Gupta
    • 1
  • Mangal Sharma
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology DelhiHauz Khas, New DelhiIndia
  2. 2.School of Engineering and TechnologyIGNOUNew DelhiIndia

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