Advertisement

Recycling of Agriculture Waste into Efficient Adsorbent

  • Sucharita Tandon
  • Nandini Sai
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter addresses the possibility of application of agricultural waste material in wastewater purification and summarizes the process of recycling the agricultural waste into an efficient and a multi-pollutant-adsorbing material. There are many novel adsorbents being studied in the adsorption field, but it is the affordability, abundance, and chemical characteristics of the agricultural wastes which make them eligible precursors for adsorbents, for example, activated carbon used for wastewater purification. This chapter focuses on adsorption efficiency for heavy metals of different adsorbents prepared from two different raw materials applying different activation techniques. The application of adsorbents made from agricultural waste supports the “3R,” reduce, reuse, and recycle, rule of waste management strategy and can prove to be an efficient and revenue-generating management practice for agricultural sector.

Keywords

Agriculture waste Waste recycling Adsorption Adsorbent 

References

  1. Activated Carbon Processing report of National Organic Standards Board Technical Advisory Panel Review (2002), 1–23Google Scholar
  2. Afshin M, Amir HM, Mohammad AZ, Hasan I, Amir HB (2011) Aqueous cadmium removal by adsorption on barley hull and barley hull ash. Asian J Chem 23(3):1373–1377Google Scholar
  3. Ahalya N, Ramachandra TV (2002) Restoration of wetlands – feasibility aspects of biological restoration presented at the national conference on aquatic restoration and biodiversity – Feb 15–16 2002 in Kongunadu Arts and Science College, Coimbatore, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  4. Ahalya N, Ramachandra TV, Kanamadi RD (2003) Biosorption of heavy metals. J Chem Environ 7(4):71–79Google Scholar
  5. Ahalya N, Ramachandra TV, Kanamadi RD (2005) Biosorption of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions by the husk of Bengal gram (Cicer arientinum). Electr J Biotechnol (Online) 8:258–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ahalya N, Kanamadi RD, Ramachandra TV (2006) Biosorption of iron (III) using the husk of Cicer arientinum. Indian J Chem Technol 13:122–127Google Scholar
  7. Ahmedna M, Johns MM, Clarke SJ, Marshall WE, Rao RM (1997) Potential of agricultural by-product-based activated carbons for use in raw sugar decoloriZation. J Sci Food Agric 75:117–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Akporhonor EE, Egwaikhide PA (2001) Removal of selected metal ions from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto chemically modified maize cobs. Int J Appl Environ Sci 2(2):93–98Google Scholar
  9. Alluri HK, Srinivasa RR, Vijaya SS, Jayakumar SB, Suryanarayana V (2007) Biosorption: an eco-friendly alternative for heavy metal removal. Afr J Biotechnol 6(25):2924–2931CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Aloko DF, Adebayo GA (2007) Production and characterisation of carbon from agricultural waste (Rice husk and Corn cob). J Eng Appl Sci 2(2):440–444Google Scholar
  11. Fierro V, Torne-Fernandez V, Montane D, Celzand A (2005) Study of decomposition of kraft lignin impregnated with orthophosphoric acid. ThermochimActa 433:142–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fiore JV, Babineau RA (1977) Effect of an activated carbon filter on the microbial quality of water. Appl Environ Microbiol 34(5):541–546Google Scholar
  13. Fongsatitkul P, Elefsiniotis P, Khuhasawan N, Jindal R (2009) Use of power plant ash to remove and solidify heavy metals from a metal-finishing wastewater. Water Air Soil Pollut 203:147–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Freese SD, Nozaic DJ, Smith RA, Trollip DL (2000) Powdered activated carbon: can this be effectively assessed in the laboratory? Presented At Wisa 2000, Sun City, South Africa, 28 May – 1 June 2000Google Scholar
  15. Garacia MA, Diez D, Serrano G, Gonzalez MC (2003) Preparation and characterization of activated carbons made up from different woods by chemical activation with H3PO4. Smart Mater Struct 12:24–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gareth ME, Judith CF (2003) Environmental biotechnology. Theory and application. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  17. Gergova K, Petrov N, Eser S (1994) Adsorption properties and microstructure of activated carbons produced from agricultural byproducts by steam pyrolysis. Carbon 32:693–702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gonzalez-Serrano E, Cordero T, Rodriguez-Mirasol J, Cotoruelo L, Rodriguez JJ (2004) Removal of water pollutants with activated carbons prepared from H3PO4 activation of lignin from kraft black liquors. Water Res 38:3043–3050CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ioannidou O, Zabanitou A (2007) Agricultural residues as precursors for activated carbon production – a review. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 11:1966–2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kannan A, Thambidurai S (2008) Comparative studies on the removal of nickel (II) from aqueous solution by using carbon derived from Palmyra palm fruit seeds and commercial activated carbon. Int J Sci Technol 1(1):93–107Google Scholar
  21. Khadija Q, Inamulla B, Rafique K, Abdul KA (2003) Physical and chemical analysis of activated carbon prepared from sugarcane bagasse and use for sugar decolorization. Int J Chem Biomol Eng 1(3):145–149Google Scholar
  22. Mattson JS, Mark HB (1971) Activated carbon: surface chemistry and adsorption from solution. Marcell Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  23. Orhan Y, Buyukgngor H (1993) Removal of heavy metals by using agricultural waste material. Water Sci Technol 28(2):247–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Poonam, Kumar N (2018) Efficiency of sweet lemon (Citrus limetta) biochar adsorbent for removal of chromium from tannery effluent. Indian J Environ Prot 38(3):246–256Google Scholar
  25. Poonam, Bharti SK, Kumar N (2018) Kinetic study of lead (Pb2+) removal from battery manufacturing wastewater using bagasse biochar as biosorbent. Appl Water Sci 8:119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sabrina K, Hasmah IS (2008) Tea waste as low cost adsorbent for removal of heavy metals and turbidity from synthetic wastewater. In: International Conference on Environmental Research and Technology (ICERT 2008)Google Scholar
  27. Santhy K, Selvapathy P (2004) Removal of heavy metals from wastewater by adsorption on coir pith activated carbon. Sep Sci Technol 39(14):3331–3351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Selomulya C, Meeyoo V, Amal R (1999) Mechanisms of Cr (VI) removal from water by various types of activated carbons. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 74(2):111–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sen M, Dastidar MG (2010) Chromium removal using various biosorbents. Iran J Environ Health Sci Eng 7(3):182–190Google Scholar
  30. Senthil KP, Kirthika K (2009) Equilibrium and kinetic study of adsorption of nickel from aqueous solution onto Bael tree leaf powder. J Eng Sci Technol 4(4):351–363Google Scholar
  31. Shuddhodan PM (2007) Use of low cost dead biomasses in the removal of heavy metal toxic/radiotoxic ions from aqueous wastes – a radiotracer study. Appl Radiat Isot 65(3):280–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Shunnian W, Paul CJ (2008) Modification of a commercial activated carbon for metal adsorption by several approaches. Indian J Environ Prot 8(8):673–675Google Scholar
  33. Siddiqi MZ, Paroor VS (2004) Removal of chromium (VI) by different adsorbents-a comparative study. Indian J Environ Prot 14(4):273–227Google Scholar
  34. Suhas, Carrot PJM, Carrott Riberio MML (2007) Lignin – from natural adsorbent to activated carbon: A review. Bioresour Technol 98:2301–2312CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sucharita Tandon
    • 1
  • Nandini Sai
    • 2
  1. 1.Milwaukee Area Technical CollegeMilwaukeeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Environmental ScienceBangalore UniversityBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations