IPR and Ethics in Animal Studies

  • Jayanta Kumar Patra
  • Swagat Kumar Das
  • Gitishree Das
  • Hrudayanath Thatoi
Part of the Learning Materials in Biosciences book series (LMB)


Intellectual property rights (IPR) are legal and official strategies that are assigned to protect the conceptions of the mind such as creations, art and literature works, and various designs (Dutfield 2005). It is also included the marks that are imprinted on different products inorder to differentiate them from similar products sold in the market (Dutfield 2005). However over years, the concept of intellectual property (IP) is overextended to inculcate not particularly the copyrights, industrial designs, patents, and trademarks; but it also includes the geographical signs, rights of the plant breeders’, profession secrets, along with the rights of the layout-designs of different integrated circuits (Dutfield 2003, 2005). Under the IP law, imperceptible possessions including creations; works related to fictional and artistic; various designs; and idioms; symbols and signs etc. can be safe guard (Dutfield 2005; This type of protection are possible due to different types of IP rights such as patents, trademark, designs, copyright etc. (


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jayanta Kumar Patra
    • 1
  • Swagat Kumar Das
    • 2
  • Gitishree Das
    • 3
  • Hrudayanath Thatoi
    • 4
  1. 1.Research Institute of Biotechnology & Medical Converged ScienceDongguk UniversityGoyang-siSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyCollege of Engineering and Technology, Biju Patnaik University of TechnologyOdishaIndia
  3. 3.Dongguk UniversityGoyang-siSouth Korea
  4. 4.Department of BiotechnologyNorth Orissa UniversityOdishaIndia

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