Advertisement

Reclaiming the Heritage of Bagan: Communities in Myanmar Learn to Raise Their Voice

  • Kai Weise
Chapter

Abstract

Bagan is one of the most important religious sites in Myanmar. However, over the past decades, local communities have not been allowed to partake in its management. Weise describes the challenges of managing Bagan, particularly after the 2016 Chauk Earthquake and provides insight into the process of nominating Bagan for World Heritage status during the transition of the Myanmar Government through democratic elections. These changes have allowed local communities to raise their voices against continued mismanagement and the lack of local governance. Weise concludes that for living cultural heritage sites to be sustainable, communities need to be allowed to participate by expressing themselves within a context of safety and stability, thus helping to ensure cultural continuity.

Keywords

Myanmar Bagan Community Heritage protection 

References

  1. Gavrilovic, P. (1992). Repair and Strengthening of Selected Monuments in Pagan, Myanmar: Assignment Report, Conservation of Cultural Heritage at Selected Sites in Myanmar. Unpublished UNESCO/UNDP Report.Google Scholar
  2. Gavrilovic, P., Pichard, P., & Pottier, C. (2016). Overview of Monuments Condition at Bagan: A Restoration Perspective. Unpublished UNESCO Bangkok/Yangon Report.Google Scholar
  3. ICOMOS. (1994). The Nara Document on Authenticity. Paris: ICOMOS.Google Scholar
  4. ICOMOS. (1997). ICOMOS Evaluation of World Heritage Nomination: Bagan No. 796. Paris: ICOMOS.Google Scholar
  5. Lunsford, R. L. (2012). Propositions for the Conservation-Restoration of Mural Paintings and Carved Stuccoes in Bagan, Union of Myanmar: Technical & Mission Report: Assistance for the Safeguarding of the Cultural Heritage of Myanmar. Unpublished UNESCO Bangkok Report.Google Scholar
  6. MORAC/GOM. (2018). Nomination Dossier for Inscription on the World Heritage List Bagan: Vol 1–5. Nay Pyi Taw: Ministry of Religious Affairs and Culture, Government of Republic of the Union of Myanmar.Google Scholar
  7. Nishimura, Y. (1996). Master Plan for the Preservation of the Historic Area of Pagan: Phase I (Draft) for the Government of the Union of Myanmar. Unpublished UNESCO Bangkok Report.Google Scholar
  8. Pichard, P. (1992–2001). Inventory of Monuments at Pagan: Volumes I–VIII. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  9. Pichard, P. (2012). Bagan Condition of the Site and Monuments Mission Report: Capacity Building to Safeguard Cultural Heritage in Myanmar. Unpublished UNESCO Bangkok Report.Google Scholar
  10. Weise, K. (2013). Survey Mission to Bagan Archaeological Area and Monuments, Myanmar: Institutional Capacity and Resources for the Management of Bagan. Unpublished UNESCO Bangkok/Yangon Report.Google Scholar
  11. Weise, K. (2014). Establishing a Management System for Bagan Archaeological Area and Monument: Report on Mission to Myanmar. Unpublished UNESCO Bangkok/Yangon Report.Google Scholar
  12. Weise, K. (2015a). Report on Inspection Carried Out on 18 August 2015 on Damage Done by Heavy Rain in Bagan and Recommendations for Emergency Assistance. Unpublished UNESCO Bangkok/Yangon Report.Google Scholar
  13. Weise, K. (2015b). Defining Bagan Archaeological Area and Monuments Comprehensive Planning Strategy: the Integrated Management System. Unpublished UNESCO Bangkok/Yangon Report.Google Scholar
  14. Weise, K. (2016). Chauk Earthquake 24 August 2016: Earthquake Response and Rehabilitation. Unpublished UNESCO Bangkok/Yangon Report.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kai Weise
    • 1
  1. 1.International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS)KathmanduNepal

Personalised recommendations