Nanostructures and Nanomaterials for Sodium Batteries

  • Peng-Fei Wang
  • Yu-Bin Niu
  • Yu-Guo GuoEmail author


As a kind of post-Li-ion batteries (LIBs), the advantage of “high-quality and low-cost” reflected by Na-ion batteries (NIBs) in large-scale energy storage has attracted more and more attention and recognition. However, larger ionic radius and slower kinetic behavior of Na make it impossible to compete with more mature LIBs in terms of energy density and power density. As far as the electrode materials themselves are concerned, there is still a great potential to be tapped. For this reason, the nanoscale structural design also plays an important role in improving the overall performance of NIBs. In this chapter, we systematically summarize and discuss the research progress of nanostructured strategies for cathode and anode materials of NIBs, and prospect for their future development as well as highlight the impact of nanostructure on the electrochemical performance of the batteries.



Annular bright field


Anodic aluminum oxide


Atomic layer deposition


Carbon nanotubes


Chemical vapor deposition


Cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide


Electrostatic spray deposition




High-resolution transmission electron microscope


High-angle annular dark field


Li-ion batteries


Multi-walled carbon nanotubes


Molecular layer deposition


Mesoporous silicon


Na-ion batteries






Ordered mesoporous carbon




Polyvinyl pyrrolidone


Polyethylene oxide




Polyvinyl alcohol


Polyvinylidene fluoride


Physical vapor deposition


Polyethylene oxide-polypropylene oxide-polyethylene oxide


Reduced graphene oxide




Transition metal


Transmission electron microscope


Standard hydrogen electrode


Scanning electron microscope


Selected area electron diffraction


Scanning transmission electron microscopy


Sodium dodecyl sulfate


Single walled carbon nanotubes


X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy




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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Maryland at College ParkCollege Park, MarylandUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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