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Introduction to Electrochemical Energy Storage

  • Sen Xin
  • Hongcai Gao
  • Yutao Li
  • Yu-Guo GuoEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Facing the challenge from a fast growth in global primary energy consumption during the last two decades, energy conversion and storage with high efficiency and sustainability is demanded. This chapter intends to discuss the broad picture of world energy utilization, and introduce various types of energy storage technologies, their advantages/disadvantages, research at the present stage and sustainability for the future. Specifically, this chapter will introduce the basic working principles of crucial electrochemical energy storage devices (e.g., primary batteries, rechargeable batteries, pseudocapacitors and fuel cells), and key components/materials for these devices.

Abbreviations

EDLC

Electrical double-layer capacitor

SMES

Superconducting magnetic energy storage

NEC

Nippon Electric Company

DC

Direct current

EES

Electrochemical energy storage

TES

Thermal energy storage

NiCd

Nickel-cadmium

NiMH

Nickel-metal hydride

SHE

Standard hydrogen electrode

VB

Valence band

CB

Conduction band

LUMO

Lowest unoccupied molecular orbital

HOMO

Highest occupied molecular orbital

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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