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Metallic Nanoparticles in Otology

  • A. A. Maniu
  • M. Perde-Schrepler
  • E. Fischer-Fodor
  • A. Florea
  • George Sebastian ChisEmail author
  • A. I. Roman
Conference paper
Part of the IFMBE Proceedings book series (IFMBE, volume 71)

Abstract

Introduction. Nanomedicine is the medical application of nanotechnology and concerns the use of precisely engineered materials at nano length scale, to early detection and prevention, improved diagnosis, proper treatment and follow-up of diseases. This new and exciting specialty finds more and more applications in all medical fields, the otology being part of them. This review considers current developments and future prospects for metallic nanomaterials used in otology. Materials and Methods. The online medical reference databases PubMed, Google Scholar, ISI Web of Science and Science Direct were searched with search terms “Nanotechnology, Nanomedicine, Metallic Nanoparticles” in combination with “Otology, ENT, middle ear, inner ear diseases” in turn. Furthermore, we are giving an overview of the work of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, “Iuliu Haţieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca and Tumor Biology Department, The Institute of Oncology “Prof. Dr. I. Chiricuta”, Cluj-Napoca Results. Metallic Nanoparticles proved to have strong anti-bacterial, anti-viral, and anti-fungal activities by the inhibition of biofilm formation, destruction of viruses and fungi and stimulation of the host’s immune response. These properties make metallic nanoparticles such as silver nanoparticles extremely attractive to be used to treat middle ear infectious diseases such as otitis media. For the inner ear diseases many studies have used metallic nanoparticles to deliver drugs, genes, and growth factors. The current limitations for the clinical application are related to their possible cytotoxic effect. Conclusions. The future treatment of otological diseases could be revolutionized by advances in nanomedicine. The current review suggest that further studies are required to be able to confirm the safety of metallic nanoparticle derived application to use in life.

Keywords

Nanomedicine Metallic nanoparticle Middle ear diseases Inner ear diseases 

Notes

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Maniu
    • 1
  • M. Perde-Schrepler
    • 2
  • E. Fischer-Fodor
    • 2
  • A. Florea
    • 3
  • George Sebastian Chis
    • 4
    Email author
  • A. I. Roman
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyUniversity of Medicine and Pharmacy “Iuliu Hatieganu”Cluj-NapocaRomania
  2. 2.Tumor Biology DepartmentThe Institute of Oncology “Prof. Dr. I. Chiricuta”Cluj-NapocaRomania
  3. 3.Department of Molecular BiologyUniversity of Medicine and Pharmacy “Iuliu Hatieganu”Cluj-NapocaRomania
  4. 4.Department of Economics Informatics, Faculty of Economics and Business AdministrationBabeș Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania
  5. 5.Department of Regional Gastroenterology InstituteCluj-NapocaRomania

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