Symbiosis between Humans and Artificial Intelligence

  • Katashi NagaoEmail author


In the last chapter, I will talk about how artificial intelligence develops and supports humans in the future, and how humans and machines harmoniously cooperate to create a new society. Symbiosis between humans and artificial intelligence can be said to be a relationship that enhances each other’s abilities. In order to establish such a relationship, one’s learning needs to have a positive influence on the other’s learning. The current mainstream is to advance artificial intelligence by machine learning based on human-made data. However, if artificial intelligence can properly support human learning and human beings can generate useful data for artificial intelligence as a byproduct of humans’ main activities, positive circulation will be established between human and artificial intelligence learning. At this time, artificial intelligence needs to understand the situation of human beings, support learning, and actively collect data necessary for their learning. Such artificial intelligence should be an autonomous existence. Indications of autonomous artificial intelligence have already appeared. One example would be a smart speaker like Google Home. It usually listens to the human calls silently, and when it is called it responds to it. However, if a universal pattern is found in human behavior (happen at the same time every day at the same time, sleep at the same time every day, when we wake up in the morning, first check the weather, etc.), artificial intelligence could also prefetch human demands and provide information. We need to think about evils when such autonomous artificial intelligence becomes common. It begins with a leak of privacy, which in turn involves human control and management. To ensure that artificial intelligence does not become a disadvantage to humans, we should establish a symbiotic relationship with artificial intelligence as soon as possible. In this chapter, I will also discuss that point.


Autonomous artificial intelligence Intelligent agent Chatter bot Smart speaker Singularity Human–computer symbiosis 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan

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