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Introduction

  • Taiki HagaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

In the first part of this chapter, we provide a brief review for general results concerning phase transitions and critical phenomena in pure systems. We next introduce models for disordered systems and discuss their properties. Especially, we explain the so-called dimensional reduction, which predicts that the critical behavior of disordered systems is identical to that of lower dimensional systems without disorder, as well as its limitation. In the second half of this chapter, we review the dynamics of disordered systems driven out of equilibrium. Finally, we explain the purpose of this study.

Keywords

Phase transition Disordered systems Dimensional reduction Depinning transition Dynamical reordering transition 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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