• Lingxiao GongEmail author


Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is the fourth most valuable cereal crop in the world exceeded only by rice, wheat, and corn [1]. Specifically, barley is the most widely adapted cereal grain species with production in a variety of extreme eco-agricultural areas, including regions with high latitudes, dry temperature, or severe temperature fluctuations such as Himalayan nations, Ethiopia, Tibet, and Morocco [2]. Yet 98% of barley crops is primarily used as animal feed and malting, while only 2% is used for direct food consumption.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Food and HealthBeijing Technology and Business UniversityBeijingChina

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