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Legal Automation: AI and Law Revisited

  • Cecilia Magnusson SjöbergEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Perspectives in Law, Business and Innovation book series (PLBI)

Abstract

This chapter is about legal automation understood broadly as the use of modern information and communication technology mainly without human intervention. The role of legal education serves as a platform for remarks about the need for IT-professionals to be somewhat in command of IT Law as well as for lawyers to grasp Legal Tech. Another focal point is digital resources management both within and outside the legal domain. The analysis concerns rights of access on the one hand and corresponding restrictions on the other. For instance, freedom of expression and information are limited by personal data protection, transparency by secrecy, open data by information security and re-use of public sector information (PSI) by intellectual property, etc. This legal landscape of contradictions is generally speaking why artificial intelligence (AI) comes into the picture as lever of legal system management. At the same time, it is important to remember that there have been attempts to automate law in a broad sense for decades, and that quite a few of the principle challenges concerning decision making systems are still valid. In response to the legal implications of today’s AI developments and implemented applications a new legal entity—digital person—is introduced. The overall purpose is to acknowledge the need for a conceptual model for legal reasoning supplementing the well-established notions of “natural person” and “legal person.” By way of such a legal innovation more adequate discussions about accountability and the rule of law can take place, e.g., when robots are to be programmed based on algorithms that intentionally are dynamic by way of machine learning. If such thoughts about new legal entities—here digital person—are set aside due to conventions and traditions there is no doubt a risk for inadequate assessments of responsibility, privacy infringements and the like.

Keywords

Artificial intelligence (AI) Digital person GDPR Legal automation Digital resources management Legal education 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of LawStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden

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